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Fusion neutron sources have many important practical uses, including triggering fission reactions, manufacturing medical isotopes, testing materials and components for use in future fusion power reactors, and facilitating the production of various isotopes like tritium. All these applications can be potentially improved by achieving high energy compact fusion neutron sources ...
Conceptual Development of Steady State Compact Fusion Neutron Sources: Report of a Coordinated Research Project
Fusion neutron sources have many important practical uses, including triggering fission reactions, manufacturing medical isotopes, testing materials and components for use in future fusion power reactors, and facilitating the production of various isotopes like tritium. All these applications can be potentially improved by achieving high energy compact fusion neutron sources (CFNSs). The present publication is a compilation of the main results and findings of an IAEA coordinated research project (CRP) on the development of concepts and conceptual designs for both low and high power CFNSs. Through the collaboration of experts in the participating Member States, the results achieved under the project laid the foundation for practical applications of intense fusion neutron sources.
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30.68 USD
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This publication is the new edition of the International Basic Safety Standards. The edition is co-sponsored by seven other international organizations - European Commission (EC/Euratom), FAO, ILO, OECD/NEA, PAHO, UNEP and WHO. It replaces the interim edition that was published in November 2011 and the previous edition of the International ...
Radiation protection and safety of radiation sources: international basic safety standards
This publication is the new edition of the International Basic Safety Standards. The edition is co-sponsored by seven other international organizations - European Commission (EC/Euratom), FAO, ILO, OECD/NEA, PAHO, UNEP and WHO. It replaces the interim edition that was published in November 2011 and the previous edition of the International Basic Safety Standards which was published in 1996. It has been extensively revised and updated to take account of the latest finding of the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, and the latest recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. The publication details the requirements for the protection of people and the environment from harmful effects of ionizing radiation and for the safety of radiation sources. All circumstances of radiation exposure are considered.
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118.09 USD

Radiation protection and safety of radiation sources: international basic safety standards

by International Atomic Energy Agency
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This publication explains the principles that underlay strong ground motion simulation, describes various methods for simulating strong ground motions, and shows some examples of strong ground motion simulations using fault rupture modelling. The detailed guidelines and practical tools presented in this Safety Report will be of value to researchers, operating ...
Ground motion simulation based on fault rupture modelling for seismic hazard assessment in site evaluation for nuclear installations: International Generic Ageing Lessons Learned (IGALL)
This publication explains the principles that underlay strong ground motion simulation, describes various methods for simulating strong ground motions, and shows some examples of strong ground motion simulations using fault rupture modelling. The detailed guidelines and practical tools presented in this Safety Report will be of value to researchers, operating organizations, regulatory bodies, vendors and technical support organizations in the areas of seismic hazard evaluation of nuclear installations. The information provided will also be of great importance for seismic hazard assessments following the Fukushima Daiichi NPP accident.
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94.500000 USD
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This publication reviews the current state of the art of image quantification and provides a solid background of tools and methods for medical physicists and other professionals who are faced with quantification of radionuclide distribution in clinical practice. It describes and analyses the physical effects that degrade image quality and ...
Quantitative nuclear medicine imaging: concepts, requirements and methods
This publication reviews the current state of the art of image quantification and provides a solid background of tools and methods for medical physicists and other professionals who are faced with quantification of radionuclide distribution in clinical practice. It describes and analyses the physical effects that degrade image quality and affect the accuracy of quantification, and describes methods to compensate for them in planar, single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) images.
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57.56 USD

Quantitative nuclear medicine imaging: concepts, requirements and methods

by International Atomic Energy Agency
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This publication describes and summarizes the work of the MODARIA (modelling and data for radiological impact assessments) Programme Working Group 10. MODARIA was set up to continue the IAEA's activities in the field of testing, comparing and developing guidance on the application of models to assess radiation exposures to humans ...
Modelling of Marine Dispersion and Transfer of Radionuclides Accidentally Released from Land Based Facilities
This publication describes and summarizes the work of the MODARIA (modelling and data for radiological impact assessments) Programme Working Group 10. MODARIA was set up to continue the IAEA's activities in the field of testing, comparing and developing guidance on the application of models to assess radiation exposures to humans and radiological impacts on the environment. Different aspects of the MODARIA programme were addressed by ten working groups. The current publication presents the work undertaken by Working Group 10 on the modelling of marine dispersion and transfer of radionuclides accidentally released from land-based facilities. Two marine dispersion scenarios were studied. These scenarios simulated dispersion of radionuclides in the Baltic Sea following the Chernobyl accident, and dispersion in the Pacific Ocean following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. The publication details some general conclusions and presents a comparison of model performance when applied to the above scenarios. The difficulties of developing operative modelling systems for supporting decision making in cases of emergencies in highly dynamic environments are highlighted.
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29.66 USD
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The high enriched uranium (HEU) take back programmes will soon have achieved their goals. When there are no longer HEU inventories at research reactors and no commerce in HEU for research reactors, the primary driver for the take back programmes will cease. However, research reactors will continue to operate in ...
Available Reprocessing and Recycling Services for Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel
The high enriched uranium (HEU) take back programmes will soon have achieved their goals. When there are no longer HEU inventories at research reactors and no commerce in HEU for research reactors, the primary driver for the take back programmes will cease. However, research reactors will continue to operate in order to meet their various mission objectives. As a result, inventories of low enriched uranium spent nuclear fuel will continue to be created during the research reactors' lifetime and, therefore, there is a need to develop national final disposition routes. This publication is designed to address the issues of available reprocessing and recycling services for research reactor spent fuel and discusses the various back end management aspects of the research reactor fuel cycle.
47.250000 USD
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This publication establishes the regulations that are applied to the transport of radioactive material by all modes of transport on land, water or in the air, including transport that is incidental to the use of the radioactive material. The objective and scope of the regulations are described in detail as ...
Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material: 2009 Edition
This publication establishes the regulations that are applied to the transport of radioactive material by all modes of transport on land, water or in the air, including transport that is incidental to the use of the radioactive material. The objective and scope of the regulations are described in detail as well as the range of their application. The publication provides requirements useful to governments, regulators, operators of nuclear and radiation facilities, carriers, users of radiation sources and cargo handling personnel.
111.58 USD

Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material: 2009 Edition

by International Atomic Energy Agency
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This report provides specific guidance for conducting accident analyses of nuclear power plants with modular high temperature gas cooled reactors (HTGRs). It contains details of initiating events and an overview of the safety aspects of events that could lead to fuel failure and potential activity release. Licensing type safety analyses, ...
Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants with Modular High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors
This report provides specific guidance for conducting accident analyses of nuclear power plants with modular high temperature gas cooled reactors (HTGRs). It contains details of initiating events and an overview of the safety aspects of events that could lead to fuel failure and potential activity release. Licensing type safety analyses, aimed at demonstrating sufficient safety margins, are also addressed, and suggestions are made on analysing various events related to the inherent safety features of HTGRs. The report is intended to supplement the IAEA Safety Standards Series publications.
31.62 USD

Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants with Modular High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors

by International Atomic Energy Agency
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This report provides information and guidance on the organization and management of the decommissioning of large nuclear facilities with an emphasis on organizational aspects. It identifies the general issues to be addressed and provides an overview of the organizational activities necessary to manage a decommissioning project in a safe, timely ...
Organization and Management for Decommissioning of Large Nuclear Facilities
This report provides information and guidance on the organization and management of the decommissioning of large nuclear facilities with an emphasis on organizational aspects. It identifies the general issues to be addressed and provides an overview of the organizational activities necessary to manage a decommissioning project in a safe, timely and cost effective manner. The following topics are addressed: (i) decommissioning staff, organizational structures, roles, responsibilities, lines of communication and reporting, interactions with external stakeholders; (ii) use of contractors versus in-house work; (iii) quality assurance, including monitoring activities and record-keeping; (iv) qualifications and training; (v) work packages; and (vi) management techniques.
66.95 USD

Organization and Management for Decommissioning of Large Nuclear Facilities

by International Atomic Energy Agency
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IAEA Member States and individual nuclear power plants (NPPs) must carry out radioactive waste processing (treatment and conditioning) in an efficient and cost effective manner. Determination of which of the many available technologies and strategies are best suited to meet national or local needs is often a complex assessment. The ...
Innovative Waste Treatment and Conditioning Technologies at Nuclear Power Plants
IAEA Member States and individual nuclear power plants (NPPs) must carry out radioactive waste processing (treatment and conditioning) in an efficient and cost effective manner. Determination of which of the many available technologies and strategies are best suited to meet national or local needs is often a complex assessment. The aim of this publication is to inform decision makers by presenting information on innovative technologies for processing wastes generated by NPPs. The report identifies the key benefits which may derive from the adoption of those technologies, the different waste streams to which each technology is relevant, and the limitations of the technologies.
24.17 USD

Innovative Waste Treatment and Conditioning Technologies at Nuclear Power Plants

by Iaea
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This publication presents the results of an IAEA coordinated research project which served as a forum for the establishment of a research reactor material properties database for irradiated core structural components that are important to safety. The database is a compilation of data from comprehensive literature reviews, coordinated research projects ...
Material Properties Database for Irradiated Core Structural Components for Lifetime Management for Long Term Operation of Research Reactors: Report of a Coordinated Research Project
This publication presents the results of an IAEA coordinated research project which served as a forum for the establishment of a research reactor material properties database for irradiated core structural components that are important to safety. The database is a compilation of data from comprehensive literature reviews, coordinated research projects and experimental data from research reactors on changes in research reactor core structural material properties owing to irradiation. Such a structured database is a resource for those involved in the aging assessment of core materials used in RRs to ensure the reactor's continued safe operation and possible life extension. The publication describes the coordinated effort to provide a comprehensive background and relevant information on the properties of irradiated core structural materials for RRs and make these data available to the research reactor community. Use of the information provided will contribute to the safe and reliable long-term operation and lifetime extension of operating RRs, as well as to the design of new ones.
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26.250000 USD
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Proceedings of an International Conference Held in Gyeongju, Republic of Korea, 28-31 May 2018. These proceedings highlight the key findings and recommendations of the conference which provided a forum for information exchange on national and international policies and practices. Conference participants had a broad range of expertise across the areas ...
Human Resource Development for Nuclear Power Programmes: Meeting Challenges to Ensure the Future Nuclear Workforce Capability
Proceedings of an International Conference Held in Gyeongju, Republic of Korea, 28-31 May 2018. These proceedings highlight the key findings and recommendations of the conference which provided a forum for information exchange on national and international policies and practices. Conference participants had a broad range of expertise across the areas of capacity building, human resource development, education and training, knowledge management and knowledge networks for nuclear power programmes. With a focus on future challenges, the participants reviewed the current state of human resource development in the nuclear field (including nuclear education and training) and provided practical solutions that can be used at organizational, national and international levels to develop and maintain the human resources needed to support the safe and sustainable operation of nuclear power programmes. The main ideas and messages expressed and discussed at the conference are presented in the opening addresses, the session summaries and the President's summary. The attached CD-ROM contains interactive presentations, plenary presentations and the conference programme.
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47.250000 USD
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This report summarizes the results and conclusions of a survey, carried out by the IAEA, of existing waste management cost estimates for representative nuclear and fossil fuel cycles with the objective of providing a correct perspective of the economic and environmental aspects of the different means of electricity production. For ...
Assessment and Comparison of Waste Management System Costs for Nuclear and Other Energy Sources
This report summarizes the results and conclusions of a survey, carried out by the IAEA, of existing waste management cost estimates for representative nuclear and fossil fuel cycles with the objective of providing a correct perspective of the economic and environmental aspects of the different means of electricity production. For the first time waste management cost estimates for all fuel cycle activities from mining to decommissioning of facilities have been compiled, and levelized unit costs for waste management have been compared to the total levelized costs for electricity production.
70.66 USD

Assessment and Comparison of Waste Management System Costs for Nuclear and Other Energy Sources

by International Atomic Energy Agency
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This publication addresses inspection basics, concepts and methods on how to plan inspection activities, perform inspections of safety related structures, systems and components, evaluate the safety significance of inspection findings, and document the results. It presents high level considerations for the inspection of selected programmatic areas including plant operations, radiation ...
Handbook for Regulatory Inspectors of Nuclear Power Plants
This publication addresses inspection basics, concepts and methods on how to plan inspection activities, perform inspections of safety related structures, systems and components, evaluate the safety significance of inspection findings, and document the results. It presents high level considerations for the inspection of selected programmatic areas including plant operations, radiation protection, fire protection and maintenance activities at nuclear power plants (NPPs). The publication focuses on the regulatory inspection of operating NPPs and, when applicable, describes how the same inspection techniques can be applied to facilities undergoing construction, preoperational testing, and decommissioning. The general techniques described may be also used in the inspection of other types of nuclear facilities.
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26.250000 USD
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This Safety Requirements publication takes into account and incorporates developments relating to site evaluation for nuclear installations since the publication of IAEA Safety Standards Series No. NS-R-3 in 2003. It applies IAEA Safety Standards Series No. SF-1, Fundamental Safety Principles. Requirements for site evaluation are intended to contribute to the ...
Site Evaluation for Nuclear Installations: IAEA Safety Standards Series No. SSR-1
This Safety Requirements publication takes into account and incorporates developments relating to site evaluation for nuclear installations since the publication of IAEA Safety Standards Series No. NS-R-3 in 2003. It applies IAEA Safety Standards Series No. SF-1, Fundamental Safety Principles. Requirements for site evaluation are intended to contribute to the adequate protection of site personnel and the public and protection of the environment from harmful effects of ionizing radiation arising from nuclear installations. It is recognized that there are steady advances in technology and scientific knowledge, in nuclear safety and in what is considered adequate protection. Safety requirements evolve with these advances and this publication reflects the present consensus among States.
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42.000000 USD
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This publication presents a comprehensive summary of the technical work carried out under an IAEA coordinated research project (CRP) and provides an overview of Member States' approaches to mitigate challenges that are encountered in achieving reliability, sustainability and safety with advanced pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) fuels. These challenges, which ...
Reliability of Advanced High Power, Extended Burnup Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor Fuels: Final Report of a Coordinated Research Project
This publication presents a comprehensive summary of the technical work carried out under an IAEA coordinated research project (CRP) and provides an overview of Member States' approaches to mitigate challenges that are encountered in achieving reliability, sustainability and safety with advanced pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) fuels. These challenges, which were discussed and analyzed by the CRP participants, include fuel performance degradation, insufficient availability of operating experience at high burnup and margin erosion by ageing.
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26.250000 USD
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This publication provides guidance for monitoring and tracking carbon dioxide in the atmosphere or emissions from soil and plant materials using a laser carbon dioxide carbon isotope analyser. Through illustrated step-by-step standard operating procedures this publication assists scientists, technicians and students in techniques ranging from initial calibration of the instrument ...
Use of Laser Carbon Dioxide Carbon Isotope Analysers in Agriculture
This publication provides guidance for monitoring and tracking carbon dioxide in the atmosphere or emissions from soil and plant materials using a laser carbon dioxide carbon isotope analyser. Through illustrated step-by-step standard operating procedures this publication assists scientists, technicians and students in techniques ranging from initial calibration of the instrument to collecting measurements and analysing data. When accurately utilized, this instrumentation can ensure proper evaluation of agricultural management practices to reduce soil carbon dioxide emissions and promote climate-smart agriculture. The final chapter of this publication also presents a case study that demonstrates how this instrumentation can be used.
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26.250000 USD
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There is considerable interest in both developing and developed countries in the design of innovative water cooled reactors (WCRs) and, owing to the higher thermal efficiency and significant system simplifications, supercritical water cooled reactors (SWCRs). Compared to conventional WCRs the SCWR concept requires extensive, comprehensive research and development (R&D). Fundamental ...
Status of Research and Technology Development for Supercritical Water Cooled Reactors
There is considerable interest in both developing and developed countries in the design of innovative water cooled reactors (WCRs) and, owing to the higher thermal efficiency and significant system simplifications, supercritical water cooled reactors (SWCRs). Compared to conventional WCRs the SCWR concept requires extensive, comprehensive research and development (R&D). Fundamental research in understanding important phenomena has been completed successfully in providing information required for the next step of development. Currently, a few concepts have been assessed as being technical feasible, and several other concepts are under development. These concepts are described in this publication, together with detailed analysis of remaining gaps requiring future R&D.
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26.250000 USD
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For proper planning and safe implementation of decommissioning of facilities, an accurate estimate of the radioactive inventory of the facility is needed (i.e. source term determination). The largest fraction of this inventory for nuclear power plants, research reactors and accelerator facilities is created by induced activation by neutrons or other ...
Methodologies for Assessing the Induced Activation Source Term for Use in Decommissioning Applications
For proper planning and safe implementation of decommissioning of facilities, an accurate estimate of the radioactive inventory of the facility is needed (i.e. source term determination). The largest fraction of this inventory for nuclear power plants, research reactors and accelerator facilities is created by induced activation by neutrons or other particles (protons, electrons, ions). This publication provides information for facility operators and regulatory authorities involved in decommissioning planning and oversight of the process of assessment of the induced activation source term of a facility. It provides information on the selection and application of methodologies for the assessment of the induced activation source term for decommissioning purposes and provides an overview of approaches and practices currently available.
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57.750000 USD
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Many countries are considering the construction of their first nuclear power plant or the expansion of a small nuclear power programme, and some have limited experience in managing radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel. The present revised publication provides a concise summary of key issues related to the development of ...
Options for Management of Spent Fuel and Radioactive Waste for Countries Developing New Nuclear Power Programmes
Many countries are considering the construction of their first nuclear power plant or the expansion of a small nuclear power programme, and some have limited experience in managing radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel. The present revised publication provides a concise summary of key issues related to the development of a sound radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel management system. It is intended to brief countries with small or newly established nuclear power programmes about the challenges of, and to describe current and potential alternatives for, managing reactor waste and spent fuel arising during operation and decommissioning of nuclear power plants.
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39.380000 USD
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Control of nuclear material comprises the administrative and technical measures applied to ensure that nuclear material is not misused or removed from its assigned location without approval and/or without proper accounting. This publication, which builds upon the Implementing Guide IAEA Nuclear Security Series No.25-G , focuses on the control of ...
Establishing a System for Control of Nuclear Material for Nuclear Security Purposes at a Facility during Use, Storage and Movement
Control of nuclear material comprises the administrative and technical measures applied to ensure that nuclear material is not misused or removed from its assigned location without approval and/or without proper accounting. This publication, which builds upon the Implementing Guide IAEA Nuclear Security Series No.25-G , focuses on the control of nuclear material during storage, use and movement using a facility's nuclear material accounting and control (NMAC) system. It describes practical measures for controlling nuclear material for nuclear security purposes during all activities at a facility, including movements, and how to use a graded approach in applying such measures. The technical guidance provided is targeted at States and their competent authorities on how to use individual elements of the NMAC system, but will be also useful for persons responsible for designing, operating and assessing nuclear security systems, physical protection of nuclear facilities, nuclear security management, operators and managers of NMAC systems; as well as for those preparing associated regulations; and persons responsible for computer security at nuclear facilities.
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65.00 USD
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This publication presents both an overview and detailed information on more than 150 experimental facilities being used for developing and deploying innovative liquid metal-cooled (sodium, lead and lead-bismuth) fast neutron systems, both critical and subcritical. Facilities, both under construction and those in operation are considered. It is expected that by ...
Experimental Facilities in Support of Liquid Metal Cooled Fast Neutron Systems
This publication presents both an overview and detailed information on more than 150 experimental facilities being used for developing and deploying innovative liquid metal-cooled (sodium, lead and lead-bismuth) fast neutron systems, both critical and subcritical. Facilities, both under construction and those in operation are considered. It is expected that by providing the end users with detailed information on existing and future experimental facilities able to support innovative liquid metal cooled fast neutron systems, the publication will facilitate cooperation between organizations and knowledge transfer. An overview of the existing and future experimental facilities is presented in the body text of this publication. The profiles of all facilities in the form of individual papers are available on the attached CD-ROM and in the related on-line database maintained by the IAEA Catalogue of Facilities in Support of Liquid Metal-cooled Fast Neutron Systems (LMFNS Catalogue).
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42.000000 USD
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This Safety Guide provides recommendations and guidance on fulfilling the requirements of IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GSR Part 3 for ensuring radiation protection and safety of radiation sources in medical uses of ionizing radiation with regard to patients, workers, carers and comforters, volunteers in biomedical research, and the public. ...
Radiation Protection and Safety in Medical Uses of Ionizing Radiation
This Safety Guide provides recommendations and guidance on fulfilling the requirements of IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GSR Part 3 for ensuring radiation protection and safety of radiation sources in medical uses of ionizing radiation with regard to patients, workers, carers and comforters, volunteers in biomedical research, and the public. It covers radiological procedures in diagnostic radiology (including dentistry), image guided interventional procedures, nuclear medicine, and radiotherapy. Recommendations and guidance are provided on applying a systematic approach to ensure that there is a balance between being able to utilize the benefits from medical uses of ionizing radiation and minimizing the risk of radiation effects to people.
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68.250000 USD
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