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This book introduces readers to the fundamental physics and chemistry of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), followed by discussions on recent advances in low platinum electrocatalysis and related catalyst development for PEMFC (the book's primary focus), methods of membrane electrode assembly (MEA) fabrication for low platinum catalysts, and ...
Low Platinum Fuel Cells Technologies
This book introduces readers to the fundamental physics and chemistry of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), followed by discussions on recent advances in low platinum electrocatalysis and related catalyst development for PEMFC (the book's primary focus), methods of membrane electrode assembly (MEA) fabrication for low platinum catalysts, and durability issues in connection with MEA. While energy and environmental issues are becoming the two main subjects in global sustainable development, the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), a clean and efficient new energy technology, has attracted more and more attention in recent years The major hurdle for more extensive applications of the PEMFC, especially for the automotive sector, is the high platinum loading requirement. Readers will gain a comprehensive understanding of the fundamentals and methods of low platinum PEMFC. This book is intended for researchers, engineers and graduate students in the fields of new energy technology, the fuel cell vehicle industry and fuel cell design. Junliang Zhang is a professor at the Institute of Fuel Cells, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai.
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157.490000 USD

Low Platinum Fuel Cells Technologies

by Junliang Zhang
Hardback
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This book discusses capital separation processes of industrial interest and explores the potential for substantial improvement offered by a promising class of substances: ionic liquids. These low melting point salts, with their unique characteristics, have been gaining relevance in the field of separation through a variety of approaches. The chapters ...
Ionic Liquids for Better Separation Processes
This book discusses capital separation processes of industrial interest and explores the potential for substantial improvement offered by a promising class of substances: ionic liquids. These low melting point salts, with their unique characteristics, have been gaining relevance in the field of separation through a variety of approaches. The chapters are structured from an application perspective, and cover the utilisation of ionic liquids in different unit operation contexts (distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, and solid-liquid extraction), giving an idea of their remarkable versatility. The final chapters focus on the use of ionic liquids in analytical applications based on separation procedures. This volume combines the review of the main advances to date with the analysis of the potential future use of ionic liquids in separation processes across a variety of fields, ranging from enhancement of state-of-the-art technologies to a revolution in the technological bases currently in use. It provides a valuable resource for engineers and scientists working in the field of separation, as well as for all readers generally interested in ionic liquids, in particular from an application standpoint. Hector Rodriguez is a faculty member of the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
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157.490000 USD

Ionic Liquids for Better Separation Processes

Paperback / softback
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C Specific heat at constant pressure p D Displacement field D Diffusion coefficient d D Orifice diameter E Electric field E Electron charge F Force G Acceleration due to gravity I Current J Current flux K Conductivity k Boltzmann constant B L Atomizer geometry: length from electrode tip to orifice ...
Charge Injection Systems: Physical Principles, Experimental and Theoretical Work
C Specific heat at constant pressure p D Displacement field D Diffusion coefficient d D Orifice diameter E Electric field E Electron charge F Force G Acceleration due to gravity I Current J Current flux K Conductivity k Boltzmann constant B L Atomizer geometry: length from electrode tip to orifice plane i L Atomizer geometry : length of orifice channel o P Polarization Q Flow rate/Heat flux Q Charge r Atomizer geometry : electrode tip radius p T Time T Temperature U Velocity V Voltage W Energy X Distance Nomenclature (Greek) Thermal expansion coefficient ? Permittivity ? Permutation operator ? ijk Ion mobility ? VI Nomenclature Debye length ? D ? Dynamic viscosity ? Mass density Surface tension ? T Electrical conductivity ? ? Timescale ? Vorticity Nomenclature (Subscripts) Reference state ? o Cartesian tensor notation ? ijk Volume density (? per unit volume) ? v Surface density (? per unit area) ? s Linear density (? per unit length) ? l 'critical' state ? c Bulk mean injection ? inj Nomenclature (Superscripts) Time or ensemble averaged ? Contents Contents 1 Introduction................................................................... 1 1.1 Introduction and Scope.................................................. 1 1.2 Organization.............................................................. 3 2 Electrostatics, Electrohydrodynamic Flow, Coupling and Instability.................................................................. 5 2.1 Electrostatics.............................................................. 5 2.1.1 The Coulomb Force............................................. 5 2.1.2 Permittivity...................................................... 6 2.1.3 Conductors, Insulators, Dielectrics and Polarization........ 6 2.1.4 Gauss's Law...................................................... 8 2.2 Mobility and Charge Transport........................................ 10 2.2.1 Introduction...................................................... 10
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146.990000 USD

Charge Injection Systems: Physical Principles, Experimental and Theoretical Work

by John Shrimpton
Paperback / softback
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Hardly any other term in the ?eld of biotechnologyhas been the subject of so muchdiscussionamongexpertsaswhitebiotechnologyatpresent.Thistermis an alias for industrial biotechnology, an already established heavyweight that focuses on the production of the most diverse products (bulk and ?ne chemicals, enzymes, food and animal feed additives, pharmaceutically active substances and agrochemicals,auxiliary agents ...
White Biotechnology
Hardly any other term in the ?eld of biotechnologyhas been the subject of so muchdiscussionamongexpertsaswhitebiotechnologyatpresent.Thistermis an alias for industrial biotechnology, an already established heavyweight that focuses on the production of the most diverse products (bulk and ?ne chemicals, enzymes, food and animal feed additives, pharmaceutically active substances and agrochemicals,auxiliary agents for processindustries, etc.). Insomesegments,whitebiotechnologyhasalreadycapturedleadingmarket positions: - In recent years the annual biotechnological production of amino acids exceeded one million tons. - Invitaminproductiontherehavebeen several recent casesofachangeover from a chemical to a biotechnological synthesis process, a trend that is expected to increase. - During the last 10 years the market volume for enzymes has increased by 50%. - The successful launch of polylactide marked white biotechnology's bre- throughinto the ?eld ofpolymers and synthetics. Today crude oil is the most important energy source and the most widely used chemical raw material. Both primary industry and polymer chemistry currently depend to a great extent on oil. However, it is only a matter of time beforetheworld'soilreservesaredepleted.Almostallstudiespresentedtodate agreethatpeakoil,i.e.thepointintimewhenoilextractionreachesitshighest level, will take place in the ?rst half of the present century. The increasingly dif?cultdevelopmentofnewsourcesofoilhavetriggeredinitiativesworldwide to reduce national dependence on oil imports.
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524.990000 USD

White Biotechnology

Hardback
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Discovery of Frustrated Lewis Pairs: Intermolecular FLPs for Activation of Small Molecules, by Douglas W. Stephan Intramolecular Frustrated Lewis Pairs: Formation and Chemical Features, by Gerald Kehr, Sina Schwendemann, Gerhard Erker Frustrated Lewis Pair Mediated Hydrogenations, by Douglas W. Stephan, Gerhard Erker Amine-Borane Mediated Metal-Free Hydrogen Activation and Catalytic Hydrogenation, ...
Frustrated Lewis Pairs: I
Discovery of Frustrated Lewis Pairs: Intermolecular FLPs for Activation of Small Molecules, by Douglas W. Stephan Intramolecular Frustrated Lewis Pairs: Formation and Chemical Features, by Gerald Kehr, Sina Schwendemann, Gerhard Erker Frustrated Lewis Pair Mediated Hydrogenations, by Douglas W. Stephan, Gerhard Erker Amine-Borane Mediated Metal-Free Hydrogen Activation and Catalytic Hydrogenation, by Victor Sumerin, Konstantin Chernichenko, Felix Schulz, Markku Leskela, Bernhard Rieger, Timo Repo Hydrogen Activation by Frustrated Lewis Pairs: Insights from Computational Studies, by Tibor Andras Rokob, Imre Papai Quantum Chemistry of FLPs and Their Activation of Small Molecules: Methodological Aspects, by Birgitta Schirmer, Stefan Grimme Computational Design of Metal-Free Molecules for Activation of Small Molecules, Hydrogenation, and Hydroamination, by Zhi-Xiang Wang, Lili Zhao, Gang Lu, Haixia Li, Fang Huang Computational Studies of Lewis Acidity and Basicity in Frustrated Lewis Pairs, by Thomas M. Gilbert Solid-State NMR as a Spectroscopic Tool for Characterizing Phosphane - Borane Frustrated Lewis Pairs, by Thomas Wiegand, Hellmut Eckert, Stefan Grimme
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398.990000 USD

Frustrated Lewis Pairs: I

Hardback
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The field of nuclear medicine is expanding rapidly, with the development of exciting new diagnostic methods and treatments. This growth is closely associated with significant advances in radiation physics. In this book, acknowledged experts explain the basic principles of radiation physics in relation to nuclear medicine and examine important novel ...
Radiation Physics for Nuclear Medicine
The field of nuclear medicine is expanding rapidly, with the development of exciting new diagnostic methods and treatments. This growth is closely associated with significant advances in radiation physics. In this book, acknowledged experts explain the basic principles of radiation physics in relation to nuclear medicine and examine important novel approaches in the field. The first section is devoted to what might be termed the building blocks of nuclear medicine, including the mechanisms of interaction between radiation and matter and Monte Carlo codes. In subsequent sections, radiation sources for medical applications, radiopharmaceutical development and production, and radiation detectors are discussed in detail. New frontiers are then explored, including improved algorithms for image reconstruction, biokinetic models, and voxel phantoms for internal dosimetry. Both trainees and experienced practitioners and researchers will find this book to be an invaluable source of up-to-date information.
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111.71 USD
Hardback
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This vastly expanded 2nd edition contains all the new developments since 1985. It describes significant new phenolic resin chemistry, new applications with up-to-date developments, and includes detailed standardized test methods important for ISO 9001 ff certification.
Phenolic Resins: Chemistry, Applications, Standardization, Safety and Ecology
This vastly expanded 2nd edition contains all the new developments since 1985. It describes significant new phenolic resin chemistry, new applications with up-to-date developments, and includes detailed standardized test methods important for ISO 9001 ff certification.
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314.990000 USD

Phenolic Resins: Chemistry, Applications, Standardization, Safety and Ecology

by Andre Knop, L.A. Pilato, A. Gardziella
Paperback / softback
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Juan I. Padron and Victor S. Martin: Catalysis by means of Fe-based Lewis acids; Hiroshi Nakazawa*, Masumi Itazaki: Fe-H Complexes in Catalysis; Kristin Schroeder, Kathrin Junge, Bianca Bitterlich, and Matthias Beller: Fe-catalyzed Oxidation Reactions of Olefins, Alkanes and Alcohols: Involvement of Oxo- and Peroxo Complexes; Chi-Ming Che, Cong-Ying Zhou, Ella ...
Iron Catalysis: Fundamentals and Applications
Juan I. Padron and Victor S. Martin: Catalysis by means of Fe-based Lewis acids; Hiroshi Nakazawa*, Masumi Itazaki: Fe-H Complexes in Catalysis; Kristin Schroeder, Kathrin Junge, Bianca Bitterlich, and Matthias Beller: Fe-catalyzed Oxidation Reactions of Olefins, Alkanes and Alcohols: Involvement of Oxo- and Peroxo Complexes; Chi-Ming Che, Cong-Ying Zhou, Ella Lai-Ming Wong: Catalysis by Fe=X Complexes (X=NR, CR2); Rene Peters, Daniel F. Fischer and Sascha Jautze: Ferrocene and Half Sandwich Complexes as Catalysts with Iron Participation; Markus Jegelka, Bernd Plietker: Catalysis by Means of Complex Ferrates.
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293.990000 USD

Iron Catalysis: Fundamentals and Applications

Paperback
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This book presents a critical perspective of the applications of organometallic compounds (including those with metal or metalloid elements) and other related metal complexes as versatile functional materials in the transformation of light into electricity (solar energy conversion) and electricity into light (light generation in light emitting diode), in the ...
Organometallics and Related Molecules for Energy Conversion
This book presents a critical perspective of the applications of organometallic compounds (including those with metal or metalloid elements) and other related metal complexes as versatile functional materials in the transformation of light into electricity (solar energy conversion) and electricity into light (light generation in light emitting diode), in the reduction of carbon dioxide to useful chemicals, as well as in the safe and efficient production and utilization of hydrogen, which serves as an energy storage medium (i.e. energy carrier). This book focuses on recent research developments in these emerging areas, with an emphasis on fundamental concepts and current applications of functional organometallic complexes and related metal-based molecules for energy research. With contributions from front-line researchers in the field from academia and industry, this timely book provides a valuable contribution to the scientific community in the field of energy science related to metal-based molecular materials. Wai-Yeung Wong, PhD, is Chair Professor and Head of the Department of Chemistry at Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, P. R. China.
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187.950000 USD

Organometallics and Related Molecules for Energy Conversion

Hardback
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Traditional biological sensors, based on enzymatic receptors and potentiometric or amperometric transducers are well reviewed and are nowadays even included extensively in many textbooks. The editors of this volume, the 2nd in the new Springer Series on Chemical and Biosensors, have focussed exclusively on alternative types of chemical and biological ...
Ultrathin Electrochemical Chemo- and Biosensors: Technology and Performance
Traditional biological sensors, based on enzymatic receptors and potentiometric or amperometric transducers are well reviewed and are nowadays even included extensively in many textbooks. The editors of this volume, the 2nd in the new Springer Series on Chemical and Biosensors, have focussed exclusively on alternative types of chemical and biological sensors or sensor-like structures. Special attention is given to sensor principles based on the use of linear or non-linear impedance spectroscopy. After self-assembled monolayers have become a viable technology for the immobilization of organic molecules on electrodes and for the formation of covalently stabilized receptor layers and even more sophisticated organic nano- and microstructures, this has led to the development of numerous analytical applications of impedometric sensor methods. These new and very promising types of sensors, their technology and performance in real world applications form the main topic of this book written by leading experts from around the world.
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230.990000 USD

Ultrathin Electrochemical Chemo- and Biosensors: Technology and Performance

Hardback
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Transition Metal Catalyzed Carbonylation Reactions is a comprehensive monograph focusing on carbon monoxide usage. This book provides students and researchers in organic synthesis with a detailed discussion of carbonylation from the basics through to applications. The authors have structured the book around the types of reactions, based on the different ...
Transition Metal Catalyzed Carbonylation Reactions: Carbonylative Activation of C-X Bonds
Transition Metal Catalyzed Carbonylation Reactions is a comprehensive monograph focusing on carbon monoxide usage. This book provides students and researchers in organic synthesis with a detailed discussion of carbonylation from the basics through to applications. The authors have structured the book around the types of reactions, based on the different nucleophiles involved. Scientists working in carbonylation or with carbon monoxide, as well as teachers of organic synthesis can use this book to become familiar with this important area of organic chemistry.
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178.490000 USD

Transition Metal Catalyzed Carbonylation Reactions: Carbonylative Activation of C-X Bonds

by Xiao-Feng Wu, Matthias Beller
Hardback
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Everything important, up-to-date and practical about turbopumps can be found in this book. The material is arranged to cover the most important topics, from basic theories to practical applications. This book can also serve as a useful textbook for students who are taking courses in the area of turbopumps and ...
Turbopumps and Pumping Systems
Everything important, up-to-date and practical about turbopumps can be found in this book. The material is arranged to cover the most important topics, from basic theories to practical applications. This book can also serve as a useful textbook for students who are taking courses in the area of turbopumps and hydraulic machineries. It is the complete reference book for turbopumps.
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178.490000 USD

Turbopumps and Pumping Systems

by Hamideh B. Parizi, Charles Hirsch, Andre Jaumotte, Ahmad Nourbakhsh
Paperback / softback
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This practice-oriented book introduces chemists, engineers and technicians to the strategies, techniques and efficiency of modern process analytical chemistry. The author targets in particular those professionals in SMEs who have to carry out process control tasks in a solo-run .
Process Analytical Chemistry: Control, Optimization, Quality, Economy
This practice-oriented book introduces chemists, engineers and technicians to the strategies, techniques and efficiency of modern process analytical chemistry. The author targets in particular those professionals in SMEs who have to carry out process control tasks in a solo-run .
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293.990000 USD

Process Analytical Chemistry: Control, Optimization, Quality, Economy

by Karl Heinz Koch
Hardback
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Set against a backdrop of the recent disaster at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, Hiroshima to Fukushima examines the issue of radiation safety. The author provides important and accurate scientific information about the radioactive substances arising from nuclear power plants and weapons, including the effects of this radiation on living ...
Hiroshima to Fukushima: Biohazards of Radiation
Set against a backdrop of the recent disaster at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, Hiroshima to Fukushima examines the issue of radiation safety. The author provides important and accurate scientific information about the radioactive substances arising from nuclear power plants and weapons, including the effects of this radiation on living organisms. Currently, humankind is at a crossroads and must decide whether to phase out or increase its reliance on nuclear power as weapons and an energy source. Although a few countries, mostly European, have vowed to abolish nuclear power as an energy source, many other countries are about to increase their nuclear power programs. This book is written from a Japanese perspective and thus provides an alternative to views of Western writers. The author includes rigorous scientific analyses, however maintains a broad scope, which allows the book to be accessible to decision-makers and non-specialists.
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157.490000 USD

Hiroshima to Fukushima: Biohazards of Radiation

by Eiichiro Ochiai
Hardback
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The two volumes New Developments in Polymer Analytics deal with recent progress in the characterization of polymers, mostly in solution but also at sur faces. Despite the fact that almost all of the described techniques are getting on in years, the contributions are expected to meet the readers interest because ...
New Developments in Polymer Analytics I
The two volumes New Developments in Polymer Analytics deal with recent progress in the characterization of polymers, mostly in solution but also at sur faces. Despite the fact that almost all of the described techniques are getting on in years, the contributions are expected to meet the readers interest because either the methods are newly applied to polymers or the instrumentation has achieved a major breakthrough leading to an enhanced utilization by polymer scientists. The first volume concentrates on separation techniques. H. Pasch summarizes the recent successes of multi dimensional chromatography in the characteriza tion of copolymers. Both, chain length distribution and the compositional het erogeneity of copolymers are accessible. Capillary electrophoresis is widely and successfully utilized for the characterization of biopolymers, particular of DNA . It is only recently that the technique has been applied to the characterization of water soluble synthetic macromolecules. This contribution of Grosche and Engelhardt focuses on the analysis of polyelectrolytes by capillary electophore sis. The last contribution of the first volume by Coelfen and Antonietti summa rizes the achievements and pitfalls of field flow fractionation techniques .The major drawbacks in the instrumentation have been overcome in recent years and the triple F techniques are currently advancing to a powerful competitor to size exclusion chromatography.
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314.990000 USD

New Developments in Polymer Analytics I

Hardback
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Research into the fascinating properties and applications of magnetic fluids - also called ferrofluids - is rapidly growing, making it necessary to provide, at regular intervals, a coherent and tutorial account of the combined theoretical and experimental advances in the field. This volume is an outgrow of seven years of ...
Colloidal Magnetic Fluids: Basics, Development and Application of Ferrofluids
Research into the fascinating properties and applications of magnetic fluids - also called ferrofluids - is rapidly growing, making it necessary to provide, at regular intervals, a coherent and tutorial account of the combined theoretical and experimental advances in the field. This volume is an outgrow of seven years of research by some 30 interdisciplinary groups of scientists: theoretical physicists describing the behaviour of such complex fluids, chemical engineers synthesizing nanosize magnetic particles, experimentalist measuring the fluid properties and mechanical engineers exploring the many applications such fluids offer, in turn providing application-guided feedback to the modellers and requests for the preparation of new fluid types to chemists, in particular those providing optimum response to given magnetic field configurations. Moreover, recent developments towards biomedical applications widens this spectrum to include medicine and pharmacology. Consisting of six large chapters on synthesis and characterization, thermo- and electrodynamics, surface instabilities, structure and rheology, biomedical applications as well as engineering and technical applications, this work is both a unique source of reference for anyone working in the field and a suitable introduction for newcomers to the field.
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104.990000 USD

Colloidal Magnetic Fluids: Basics, Development and Application of Ferrofluids

Paperback
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Palladium is a remarkable metal. In particular, organopalladium chemistry has made remarkable progress over the last 30 years. That progress is still continuing, without any end in sight. This book presents a number of accounts and reviews on the novel Pd-catalyzed reactions discovered mainly in the last five years. The ...
Palladium in Organic Synthesis
Palladium is a remarkable metal. In particular, organopalladium chemistry has made remarkable progress over the last 30 years. That progress is still continuing, without any end in sight. This book presents a number of accounts and reviews on the novel Pd-catalyzed reactions discovered mainly in the last five years. The book covers Pd-catalyzed reactions that are new - entirely different from the more standard ones. Topics such as new reactions involving ss-carbon elimination and formation of palladacycles as key reactions, cross-coupling of unactivated alkyl electrophiles with organometallic compounds, arylation via C-H bond cleavage, Pd/norbornene-catalyzed aromatic functionalizations, three-component cyclizations of allenes, use of N-heterocyclic carbenes as ligands, asymmetric reactions catalyzed by Pd(II) compounds such as Lewis acids, cycloadditions of arynes and alkynes, and nucleophilic attack by Pd species are surveyed in detail by researchers who have made important contributions to these fields. The book addresses graduate students majoring in organic synthesis and researchers in academic and industrial institutes.
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524.990000 USD

Palladium in Organic Synthesis

Hardback
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Combustion of Two-Phase Reactive Media addresses the complex phenomena involved in the burning of solid and liquid fuels. In fact, the multiplicity of phenomena characteristic of combustion of two-phase media determine the contents. The three parts deal with: the dynamics of a single particle; combustion wave propagation in two-phase reactive ...
Combustion of Two-Phase Reactive Media
Combustion of Two-Phase Reactive Media addresses the complex phenomena involved in the burning of solid and liquid fuels. In fact, the multiplicity of phenomena characteristic of combustion of two-phase media determine the contents. The three parts deal with: the dynamics of a single particle; combustion wave propagation in two-phase reactive media; and thermal regimes of combustion reactors. The book generalizes the results of numerous investigations into the ignition and combustion of solid particles, droplets and bubbles, combustion wave propagation in heterogeneous reactive media, the stability of combustion of two-phase media, as well as the thermal regimes of high-temperature combustion reactors. It merges findings from the authors' investigations into problems of two-phase flows and material from graduate-level courses they teach at Technion-Israel Institute of Technology.
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293.990000 USD

Combustion of Two-Phase Reactive Media

by A. Mosyak, G. Hetsroni, L. P. Yarin
Hardback
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This book includes 19 chapters contributed by the world's leading experts on pretreatment methods for biomass. It extensively covers the different types of biomass (e.g. molasses, sugar beet pulp, cheese whey, sugarcane residues, palm waste, vegetable oil, straws, stalks and wood), various pretreatment approaches (e.g. physical, thermal, chemical, physicochemical and ...
Pretreatment Techniques for Biofuels and Biorefineries
This book includes 19 chapters contributed by the world's leading experts on pretreatment methods for biomass. It extensively covers the different types of biomass (e.g. molasses, sugar beet pulp, cheese whey, sugarcane residues, palm waste, vegetable oil, straws, stalks and wood), various pretreatment approaches (e.g. physical, thermal, chemical, physicochemical and biological) and methods that show the subsequent production of biofuels and chemicals such as sugars, ethanol, extracellular polysaccharides, biodiesel, gas and oil. In addition to traditional methods such as steam, hot-water, hydrothermal, diluted-acid, organosolv, ozonolysis, sulfite, milling, fungal and bacterial, microwave, ultrasonic, plasma, torrefaction, pelletization, gasification (including biogas) and liquefaction pretreatments, it also introduces and discusses novel techniques such as nano and solid catalysts, organic electrolyte solutions and ionic liquids. This book offers a review of state-of-the-art research and provides guidance for the future paths of developing pretreatment techniques of biomass for biofuels, especially in the fields of biotechnology, microbiology, chemistry, materials science and engineering. It intends to provide a systematic introduction of pretreatment techniques. It is an accessible reference work for students, researchers, academicians and industrialists in biorefineries. Zhen Fang is a Professor of Bioenergy and the leader and founder of the biomass group at the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is also an adjunct full Professor of Life Sciences at the University of Science and Technology of China.
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230.990000 USD

Pretreatment Techniques for Biofuels and Biorefineries

Hardback
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In this thesis Christian Sohar describes his investigation into the gigacycle fatigue behavior of tool steels. In an interdisciplinary approach he uses knowledge and methods from a wide variety of disciplines including materials science, metallurgy, chemistry, physics and mechanical engineering. Christian gives a general introduction into steel tools and fatigue ...
Lifetime Controlling Defects in Tool Steels
In this thesis Christian Sohar describes his investigation into the gigacycle fatigue behavior of tool steels. In an interdisciplinary approach he uses knowledge and methods from a wide variety of disciplines including materials science, metallurgy, chemistry, physics and mechanical engineering. Christian gives a general introduction into steel tools and fatigue in materials. Later he extensively discusses the experimental techniques and results. Indeed it is the detail of the content in this thesis which makes it an invaluable resource for students entering the field and scientists working in related disciplines. Overall, the thesis helps us understand more about the mechanical behavior of metallic materials with complex microstructure and high hardness.
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157.490000 USD

Lifetime Controlling Defects in Tool Steels

by Christian Rudolf Sohar
Hardback
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The legacy of Leo Hendrik Baekeland and his development of phenol formal- hyde resins are recognized as the cornerstone of the Plastics Industry in the early twentieth century, and phenolic resins continue to ?ourish after a century of robust growth. On July 13, 1907, Baekeland ?led his heat and pressure ...
Phenolic Resins: A Century of Progress
The legacy of Leo Hendrik Baekeland and his development of phenol formal- hyde resins are recognized as the cornerstone of the Plastics Industry in the early twentieth century, and phenolic resins continue to ?ourish after a century of robust growth. On July 13, 1907, Baekeland ?led his heat and pressure patent related to the processing of phenol formaldehyde resins and identi?ed their unique utility in a plethora of applications. The year 2010 marks the Centennial Year of the prod- tion of phenolic resins by Leo Baekeland. In 1910, Baekeland formed Bakelite GmbH and launched the manufacture of phenolic resins in Erkner in May 1910. In October 1910, General Bakelite began producing resins in Perth Amboy, New Jersey. Lastly, Baekeland collaborated with Dr. Takamine to manufacture phenolic resins in Japan in 1911. These events were instrumental in establishing the Plastics Industry and in tracing the identity to the brilliance of Dr. Leo Baekeland. Phenolic resins remain as a versatile resin system featuring either a stable, thermoplastic novolak composition that cures with a latent source of formaldehyde (hexa) or a heat reactive and perishable resole composition that cures thermally or under acidic or special basic conditions. Phenolic resins are a very large volume resin system with a worldwide volume in excess of 5 million tons/year, and its growth is related to the gross national product (GNP) growth rate globally.
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367.490000 USD

Phenolic Resins: A Century of Progress

Hardback
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100 years after the first observation of ripening by Ostwald and 40 years after the first publication of a theory describing this process, this monograph presents in a self-consistent and comprehensive manner, all the bits and pieces of coarsening theories so that the main issues and the underlying mathematics of ...
Growth and Coarsening: Ostwald Ripening in Material Processing
100 years after the first observation of ripening by Ostwald and 40 years after the first publication of a theory describing this process, this monograph presents in a self-consistent and comprehensive manner, all the bits and pieces of coarsening theories so that the main issues and the underlying mathematics of self-similar coarsening of dispersed systems can be understood. Rather than giving a complete survey of the field, it presents a careful derivation of the existing results and places them into some perspective.
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262.490000 USD

Growth and Coarsening: Ostwald Ripening in Material Processing

by Peter W. Voorhees, Lorenz Ratke
Hardback
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Closing the gap between electrochemical engineering science and electrochemical technology, this volume is for all electrochemists and electrochemical engineers, metallurgists, engineers in chemical process, galvanic, metallurgical and electric power industries.
Electrochemical Engineering: Science and Technology in Chemical and Other Industries
Closing the gap between electrochemical engineering science and electrochemical technology, this volume is for all electrochemists and electrochemical engineers, metallurgists, engineers in chemical process, galvanic, metallurgical and electric power industries.
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293.990000 USD

Electrochemical Engineering: Science and Technology in Chemical and Other Industries

by Gerhard Kreysa, Hartmut Wendt
Hardback
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In this thesis Colm Duffy reviews the chemistry and biology of stable lipoxin analogues. Colm has prepared for the first time ever a pyridine-containing LXA4 analogue in enantiomerically pure form. Biological evaluation determined that both epimers at the benzylic position suppress key cytokines known to be involved in inflammatory disease, ...
Heteroaromatic Lipoxin A4 Analogues: Synthesis and Biological Evaluation
In this thesis Colm Duffy reviews the chemistry and biology of stable lipoxin analogues. Colm has prepared for the first time ever a pyridine-containing LXA4 analogue in enantiomerically pure form. Biological evaluation determined that both epimers at the benzylic position suppress key cytokines known to be involved in inflammatory disease, with the (R)-epimer proving most efficacious. Moreover the author developed an excellent route to a related thiophene-containing analogue that also showed interesting biological activity. Both routes have inspired further work in the synthesis of further heteroaromatic analogues for biological evaluation.
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167.990000 USD

Heteroaromatic Lipoxin A4 Analogues: Synthesis and Biological Evaluation

by Colm Duffy
Hardback
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The free-radical retrograde-precipitation polymerization (FRRPP) process was introduced by the author in the early 1990s as a chain polymerization method, whereby phase separation is occurring while reactive sites are above the lower cr- ical solution temperature (LCST). It was evident that certain regions of the product polymer attain temperatures above ...
Free-Radical Retrograde-Precipitation Polymerization (FRRPP): Novel Concept, Processes, Materials, and Energy Aspects
The free-radical retrograde-precipitation polymerization (FRRPP) process was introduced by the author in the early 1990s as a chain polymerization method, whereby phase separation is occurring while reactive sites are above the lower cr- ical solution temperature (LCST). It was evident that certain regions of the product polymer attain temperatures above the average ?uid temperature, sometimes rea- ing carbonization temperatures. During the early stages of polymerization-induced phase separation, nanoscale polymer domains were also found to be persistent in the reacting system, in apparent contradiction with results of microstructural coarsening from constant-temperature modeling and experimental studies. This mass con?- ment behavior was used for micropatterning, for entrapment of reactive radical sites, and for the formation of block copolymers that can be used as intermediates, surf- tants, coatings, coupling agents, foams, and hydrogels. FRRPP-based materials and its mechanism have also been proposed to be relevant in energy and environmentally responsible applications. This technology lacks intellectual appeal compared to others that have been p- posed to produce polymers of exotic architectures. There are no special chemical mediators needed. Control of conditions and product distribution is done by p- cess means, based on a robust and ?exible free-radical-based chemistry. Thus, it can readily be implemented in the laboratory and in production scale.
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188.990000 USD

Free-Radical Retrograde-Precipitation Polymerization (FRRPP): Novel Concept, Processes, Materials, and Energy Aspects

by Gerard Caneba
Paperback / softback
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Novel Colloidal Forming of Ceramics discusses several new near-net-shape techniques for fabricating highly reliable, high-performance ceramic parts. These techniques combine injection molding and the colloidal forming process. The book not only introduces the basic theoretical development and applications of the colloidal injection molding of ceramics, but also covers tape casting ...
Novel Colloidal Forming of Ceramics
Novel Colloidal Forming of Ceramics discusses several new near-net-shape techniques for fabricating highly reliable, high-performance ceramic parts. These techniques combine injection molding and the colloidal forming process. The book not only introduces the basic theoretical development and applications of the colloidal injection molding of ceramics, but also covers tape casting technology, the reliability of the product, and the colloidal injection molding of Si3N4 and SiC, as well as the low-toxicity system. The book is intended for researchers and graduates in materials science and engineering. Mr. Yong Huang and Dr. Jinlong Yang are both professors at the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, China.
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230.990000 USD

Novel Colloidal Forming of Ceramics

by Jinlong Yang, Yong Huang
Hardback
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This practice-oriented book deals with the modelling of steady state and non-steady state basic processes of fibre formation and fibre processing. Focal points are melt spinning processes, spun yarn spinning processes and the description of the dynamics in different process steps during the fibre processing. A special chapter deals with ...
Dynamics of Fibre Formation and Processing: Modelling and Application in Fibre and Textile Industry
This practice-oriented book deals with the modelling of steady state and non-steady state basic processes of fibre formation and fibre processing. Focal points are melt spinning processes, spun yarn spinning processes and the description of the dynamics in different process steps during the fibre processing. A special chapter deals with dynamics of tensile force and its importance for the process stability. All examples are based on industrial practice.
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230.990000 USD

Dynamics of Fibre Formation and Processing: Modelling and Application in Fibre and Textile Industry

by Harald Brunig, Roland Beyreuther
Paperback
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Prof. Baev presents in his book the development of the thermodynamic theory of specific intermolecular interactions for a wide spectrum of organic compounds: ethers, ketones, alcohols, carboxylic acids, and hydrocarbons. The fundamentals of an unconventional approach to the theory of H-bonding and specific interactions are formulated based on a concept ...
Specific Intermolecular Interactions of Organic Compounds
Prof. Baev presents in his book the development of the thermodynamic theory of specific intermolecular interactions for a wide spectrum of organic compounds: ethers, ketones, alcohols, carboxylic acids, and hydrocarbons. The fundamentals of an unconventional approach to the theory of H-bonding and specific interactions are formulated based on a concept of pentacoordinate carbon atoms. New types of hydrogen bonds and specific interactions are substantiated and on the basis of the developed methodology their energies are determined. The system of interconnected quantitative characteristics of the stability of specific intermolecular interactions is presented. The laws of their transformations are discussed and summarized. The new concept of the extra stabilizing effect of isomeric methyl groups on the structure and stability of organic molecules is introduced and the destabilization action on specific interactions is outlined.
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209.990000 USD

Specific Intermolecular Interactions of Organic Compounds

by Alexei K. Baev
Paperback
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F.J. Balta-Calleja, A. Gonzalez Arche, T.A. Ezquerra, C. Santa Cruz, F. Batallan, B. Frick, G.A. Arche, E. Lopez Cabarcos, Structure and Properties of Ferroelectric Copolymers of Poly (vinylidene) Fluoride H.G. Kilian, T. Pieper Packing of Chain Segments: A Method for Describing X-Ray Patterns of Crystalline, Liquid Crystalline and Non-Crystalline Polymers ...
Structure in Polymers with Special Properties
F.J. Balta-Calleja, A. Gonzalez Arche, T.A. Ezquerra, C. Santa Cruz, F. Batallan, B. Frick, G.A. Arche, E. Lopez Cabarcos, Structure and Properties of Ferroelectric Copolymers of Poly (vinylidene) Fluoride H.G. Kilian, T. Pieper Packing of Chain Segments: A Method for Describing X-Ray Patterns of Crystalline, Liquid Crystalline and Non-Crystalline Polymers K. Miyasaka PVA-Iodine Complexes: Formation, Structure and Properties
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83.990000 USD

Structure in Polymers with Special Properties

Paperback / softback
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