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Throughout history scepticism and the urge to question accepted truths has been a powerful force for change and growth. Today, as we are bombarded by adverts, scientific studies praising the latest superfoods, and political rhetoric, a healthy amount of scepticism is widely encouraged. But when is such scepticism legitimate - ...
Scepticism: A Very Short Introduction
Throughout history scepticism and the urge to question accepted truths has been a powerful force for change and growth. Today, as we are bombarded by adverts, scientific studies praising the latest superfoods, and political rhetoric, a healthy amount of scepticism is widely encouraged. But when is such scepticism legitimate - for example, as a driver of new ideas - and when is it problematic? And what role might adopting a sceptical outlook play in leading an intellectually virtuous life? In this Very Short Introduction Duncan Pritchard explores both the advantages of scepticism, in challenging outdated notions, and also how it can have unhelpful social consequences, in generating distrust. He considers the role of scepticism at the source of contemporary social and political movements such as climate change denial, post-truth politics, and fake news. Pritchard also examines the philosophical arguments for a radical form of scepticism which maintains that knowledge is impossible, and explores some of the main responses to these arguments. Finally, he considers the part scepticism might play in applying better thinking and learning to achieve a more meaningful life. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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12.550000 USD

Scepticism: A Very Short Introduction

by Duncan Pritchard
Paperback / softback
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The Principles of Philosophy
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8.390000 USD

The Principles of Philosophy

by Rene Descartes
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An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
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9.440000 USD

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

by David Hume
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The Advancement of Learning
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12.130000 USD

The Advancement of Learning

by Francis Bacon
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The Advancement of Learning
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11.630000 USD

The Advancement of Learning

by Francis Bacon
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Honesty: How self-deception robs us of meaning
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11.810000 USD

Honesty: How self-deception robs us of meaning

by Daniel Clement
Paperback / softback
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Symposium
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12.550000 USD

Symposium

by Plato
Paperback / softback
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A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
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10.450000 USD

A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge

by George Berkeley
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Self-Actualized by Poker: The Path from Categorical Learning to Free-Thinking
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9.440000 USD

Self-Actualized by Poker: The Path from Categorical Learning to Free-Thinking

by Roman Gelperin
Paperback / softback
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The Trial and Death of Socrates (Annotated): Euthyphro, Apology, Crito and Phaedo
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13.640000 USD

The Trial and Death of Socrates (Annotated): Euthyphro, Apology, Crito and Phaedo

by Plato
Paperback / softback
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The Ancient Wisdom: An Outline of Theosophical Teachings
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7.880000 USD

The Ancient Wisdom: An Outline of Theosophical Teachings

by Annie Besant
Paperback / softback
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The Nature of Inquiry Volume IVA: Understanding
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10.450000 USD

The Nature of Inquiry Volume IVA: Understanding

by Steven M Duncan
Paperback / softback
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Kant, Philosophy of Mind and Cognitive Science
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13.600000 USD

Kant, Philosophy of Mind and Cognitive Science

by Joao Teixeira
Paperback / softback
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What is knowledge? How does it differ from mere belief? Do you need to be able to justify a claim in order to count as knowing it? How can we know that the outer world is real and not a dream? Questions like these are ancient ones, and the branch ...
Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction
What is knowledge? How does it differ from mere belief? Do you need to be able to justify a claim in order to count as knowing it? How can we know that the outer world is real and not a dream? Questions like these are ancient ones, and the branch of philosophy dedicated to answering them - epistemology - has been active for thousands of years. In this thought-provoking Very Short Introduction, Jennifer Nagel considers these classic questions alongside new puzzles arising from recent discoveries about humanity, language, and the mind. Nagel explains the formation of major historical theories of knowledge, and shows how contemporary philosophers have developed new ways of understanding knowledge, using ideas from logic, linguistics, and psychology. Covering topics ranging from relativism and the problem of scepticism to the trustworthiness of internet sources, Nagel examines how progress has been made in understanding knowledge, using everyday examples to explain the key issues and debates ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
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14.88 USD

Knowledge: A Very Short Introduction

by Jennifer Nagel
Paperback / softback
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In Leibniz in 90 Minutes, Paul Strathern offers a concise, expert account of Leibniz's life and ideas, and explains their influence on man's struggle to understand his existence in the world. The book also includes selections from Leibniz's writings; a brief list of suggested reading for those who wish to ...
Leibniz in 90 Minutes
In Leibniz in 90 Minutes, Paul Strathern offers a concise, expert account of Leibniz's life and ideas, and explains their influence on man's struggle to understand his existence in the world. The book also includes selections from Leibniz's writings; a brief list of suggested reading for those who wish to push further; and chronologies that place Leibniz within his own age and in the broader scheme of philosophy.
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8.350000 USD

Leibniz in 90 Minutes

by Paul Strathern
Paperback / softback
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Four people with radically different outlooks on the world meet on a train and start talking about what they believe. Their conversation varies from cool logical reasoning to heated personal confrontation. Each starts off convinced that he or she is right, but then doubts creep in. In a tradition going ...
Tetralogue: I'm Right, You're Wrong
Four people with radically different outlooks on the world meet on a train and start talking about what they believe. Their conversation varies from cool logical reasoning to heated personal confrontation. Each starts off convinced that he or she is right, but then doubts creep in. In a tradition going back to Plato, Timothy Williamson uses a fictional conversation to explore questions about truth and falsity, and knowledge and belief. Is truth always relative to a point of view? Is every opinion fallible? Such ideas have been used to combat dogmatism and intolerance, but are they compatible with taking each opposing point of view seriously? This book presupposes no prior acquaintance with philosophy, and introduces its concerns in an accessible and light-hearted way. Is one point of view really right and the other really wrong? That is for the reader to decide.
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14.86 USD

Tetralogue: I'm Right, You're Wrong

by Timothy Williamson
Paperback / softback
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Truth and Existence, written in response to Martin Heidegger's Essence of Truth, is a product of the years when Sartre was reaching full stature as a philosopher, novelist, playwright, essayist, and political activist. This concise and engaging text not only presents Sartre's ontology of truth but also addresses the key ...
Truth and Existence
Truth and Existence, written in response to Martin Heidegger's Essence of Truth, is a product of the years when Sartre was reaching full stature as a philosopher, novelist, playwright, essayist, and political activist. This concise and engaging text not only presents Sartre's ontology of truth but also addresses the key moral questions of freedom, action, and bad faith. Truth and Existence is introduced by an extended biographical, historical, and analytical essay by Ronald Aronson. Truth and Existence is another important element in the recently published links between Sartre's existentialist ontology and his later ethical, political, and literary concerns...The excellent introduction by Aronson will help readers not experienced in reading Sartre. --Choice Accompanied by an excellent introduction, this dense, lucidly translated treatise reveals Sartre as a characteristically 20th-century figure. --Publishers Weekly
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19.53 USD

Truth and Existence

by Jean-Paul Sartre
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'Commit it then to the flames: for it can contain nothing but sophistry and illusion.' Thus ends David Hume's Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, the definitive statement of the greatest philosopher in the English language. His arguments in support of reasoning from experience, and against the 'sophistry and illusion' of religiously ...
An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding
'Commit it then to the flames: for it can contain nothing but sophistry and illusion.' Thus ends David Hume's Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, the definitive statement of the greatest philosopher in the English language. His arguments in support of reasoning from experience, and against the 'sophistry and illusion' of religiously inspired philosophical fantasies, caused controversy in the eighteenth century and are strikingly relevant today, when faith and science continue to clash. The Enquiry considers the origin and processes of human thought, reaching the stark conclusion that we can have no ultimate understanding of the physical world, or indeed our own minds. In either sphere we must depend on instinctive learning from experience, recognizing our animal nature and the limits of reason. Hume's calm and open-minded scepticism thus aims to provide a new basis for science, liberating us from the 'superstition' of false metaphysics and religion. His Enquiry remains one of the best introductions to the study of philosophy, and this edition places it in its historical and philosophical context. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
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14.02 USD

An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding

by David Hume
Paperback / softback
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The author of the highly popular book Think, which Time magazine hailed as the one book every smart person should read to understand, and even enjoy, the key questions of philosophy, Simon Blackburn is that rara avis-an eminent thinker who is able to explain philosophy to the general reader. Now ...
Truth: A Guide
The author of the highly popular book Think, which Time magazine hailed as the one book every smart person should read to understand, and even enjoy, the key questions of philosophy, Simon Blackburn is that rara avis-an eminent thinker who is able to explain philosophy to the general reader. Now Blackburn offers a tour de force exploration of what he calls the most exciting and engaging issue in the whole of philosophy -the age-old war over truth. The front lines of this war are well defined. On one side are those who believe in plain, unvarnished facts, rock-solid truths that can be found through reason and objectivity-that science leads to truth, for instance. Their opponents mock this idea. They see the dark forces of language, culture, power, gender, class, ideology and desire-all subverting our perceptions of the world, and clouding our judgement with false notions of absolute truth. Beginning with an early skirmish in the war-when Socrates confronted the sophists in ancient Athens-Blackburn offers a penetrating look at the longstanding battle these two groups have waged, examining the philosophical battles fought by Plato, Protagoras, William James, David Hume, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Richard Rorty, and many others, with a particularly fascinating look at Nietzsche. Among the questions Blackburn considers are: is science mere opinion, can historians understand another historical period, and indeed can one culture ever truly understand another. Blackburn concludes that both sides have merit, and that neither has exclusive ownership of truth. What is important is that, whichever side we embrace, we should know where we stand and what is to be said for our opponents.
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15.700000 USD

Truth: A Guide

by Simon Blackburn
Paperback / softback
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Widely regarded as the father of modern Western philosophy, Descartes sought to look beyond established ideas and create a thought system based on reason. In this profound work he meditates on doubt, the human soul, God, truth and the nature of existence itself. GREAT IDEAS. Throughout history, some books have ...
Meditations
Widely regarded as the father of modern Western philosophy, Descartes sought to look beyond established ideas and create a thought system based on reason. In this profound work he meditates on doubt, the human soul, God, truth and the nature of existence itself. GREAT IDEAS. Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.
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9.28 USD

Meditations

by Rene Descartes
Paperback / softback
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George Berkeley's Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous is one of the most challenging and beloved classics of modern philosophy. The heart of the work is the dispute between materialism and idealism, two fundamentally opposed metaphysical doctrines that are embodied by Hylas and Philonous, the characters in this philosophical drama. ...
Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous (1713)
George Berkeley's Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous is one of the most challenging and beloved classics of modern philosophy. The heart of the work is the dispute between materialism and idealism, two fundamentally opposed metaphysical doctrines that are embodied by Hylas and Philonous, the characters in this philosophical drama. The book is packed with brilliant arguments and counter-arguments of an extraordinarily sophisticated nature. Amid all this philosophical swordplay one would think that there could be scant room for the characters to develop any sort of personality. Yet in Berkeley's hands, and with his literary gifts, the interlocutors are both vivid and funny. This is a critical new presentation of Berkeley's 1734 (third edition, first 1713) Three Dialogues. Berkeley's dialogue remains one of the most widely read and frequently taught classic texts of early modern philosophy, exploring an idealistic epistemology, methodology and metaphysics in a popular and easily accessible format. This expansive edition combines a usefully annotated version of Berkeley's complete original text with a substantial critical Introduction, chronology of events in Berkeley's life and career, and supplementary annotated Appendices of original sources from thinkers relevant to Berkeley's work.
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15.700000 USD

Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous (1713)

by George Berkeley
Paperback / softback
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Uncertainty is interwoven into human existence. It is a powerful incentive in the search for knowledge and an inherent component of scientific research. We have developed many ways of coping with uncertainty. We make promises, manage risks and make predictions to try to clear the mists and predict ahead. But ...
The Cunning of Uncertainty
Uncertainty is interwoven into human existence. It is a powerful incentive in the search for knowledge and an inherent component of scientific research. We have developed many ways of coping with uncertainty. We make promises, manage risks and make predictions to try to clear the mists and predict ahead. But the future is inherently uncertain - and the mist that shrouds our path an inherent part of our journey. The burning question is whether our societies can face up to uncertainty, learn to embrace it and whether we can open up to a constantly evolving future. In this new book, Helga Nowotny shows how research can thrive at the cusp of uncertainty. Science, she argues, can eventually transform uncertainty into certainty, but into certainty which remains always provisional. Uncertainty is never completely static. It is constantly evolving. It encompasses geological time scales and, at the level of human experience, split-second changes as cells divide. Life and death decisions are taken in the blink of the eye, while human interactions with the natural environment may reveal their impact over millennia. Uncertainty is cunning. It appears at unexpected moments, it shuns the straight line, takes the oblique route and sometimes the unexpected short-cut. As we acknowledge the cunning of uncertainty, its threats retreat. We accept that any scientific inquiry must produce results that are provisional and uncertain. This message is vital for politicians and policy-makers: do not be tempted by small, short-term, controllable gains to the exclusion of uncertain, high-gain opportunities. Wide-ranging in its use of examples and enriched by the author s experience as President of the European Research Council, one of the world s leading funding organisations for fundamental research. The Cunning of Uncertainty is a must-read for students and scholars of all disciplines, politicians, policy-makers and anyone concerned with the fundamental role of knowledge and science in our societies today.
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15.700000 USD

The Cunning of Uncertainty

by Helga Nowotny
Paperback / softback
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In his celebrated masterpiece, Symposium, Plato imagines a high-society dinner-party in Athens in 416 BC at which the guests - including the comic poet Aristophanes and, of course, Plato's mentor Socrates - each deliver a short speech in praise of love. The sequence of dazzling speeches culminates in Socrates' famous ...
Symposium
In his celebrated masterpiece, Symposium, Plato imagines a high-society dinner-party in Athens in 416 BC at which the guests - including the comic poet Aristophanes and, of course, Plato's mentor Socrates - each deliver a short speech in praise of love. The sequence of dazzling speeches culminates in Socrates' famous account of the views of Diotima, a prophetess who taught him that love is our means of trying to attain goodness. And then into the party bursts the drunken Alcibiades, the most popular and notorious Athenian of the time, who insists on praising Socrates himself rather than love, and gives us a brilliant sketch of this enigmatic character. The power, humour, and pathos of Plato's creation engages the reader on every page. This new translation is complemented by full explanatory notes and an illuminating introduction. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
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13.00 USD

Symposium

by Plato
Paperback / softback
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Bertrand Russell changed Western philosophy forever. He tackled many puzzles--how our minds work, how we experience the world, and what the true nature of meaning is. In Introducing Bertrand Russell we meet a passionate eccentric, active in world politics, who had outspoken views on sex, marriage, religion, and education.
Introducing Bertrand Russell: A Graphic Guide
Bertrand Russell changed Western philosophy forever. He tackled many puzzles--how our minds work, how we experience the world, and what the true nature of meaning is. In Introducing Bertrand Russell we meet a passionate eccentric, active in world politics, who had outspoken views on sex, marriage, religion, and education.
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10.450000 USD

Introducing Bertrand Russell: A Graphic Guide

by Judy Groves, Dave Robinson
Paperback / softback
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Walter Benjamin is often considered the key modern philosopher and critic of modern art. Tracing his influence on modern aesthetics and cultural history, Introducing Walter Benjamin highlights his commitment to political transformation of the arts as a means to bring about social change. Benjamin witnessed first-hand many of the cataclysmic ...
Introducing Walter Benjamin: A Graphic Guide
Walter Benjamin is often considered the key modern philosopher and critic of modern art. Tracing his influence on modern aesthetics and cultural history, Introducing Walter Benjamin highlights his commitment to political transformation of the arts as a means to bring about social change. Benjamin witnessed first-hand many of the cataclysmic events of modern European history. He took a critical stance on the dominant ideologies of Marxism, Zionism and Technocracy, and his attempt to flee Nazi Europe ultimately led to his suicide in 1940. With its brilliant combination of words and images, this is an ideal introduction to one of the most elusive philosophers.
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10.450000 USD

Introducing Walter Benjamin: A Graphic Guide

by Andrzej Klimowski, Alex Coles, Howard Caygill
Paperback / softback
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An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
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7.350000 USD

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

by David Hume
Paperback / softback
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Reason and Proper Function: A Response to Alvin Plantinga
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9.440000 USD

Reason and Proper Function: A Response to Alvin Plantinga

by Kelly Fitzsimmons Burton
Paperback / softback
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Mind
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9.450000 USD

Mind

by Alexander Sharifi Gesswein
Paperback / softback
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Boucles causales dans le voyage dans le temps
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7.340000 USD

Boucles causales dans le voyage dans le temps

by Nicolae Sfetcu
Paperback / softback
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A Predestinacao dos Santos: Agostinho de Hipona
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7.040000 USD

A Predestinacao dos Santos: Agostinho de Hipona

by Agostinho de Hipona
Paperback / softback
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