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Scholarly Research Paper from the year 2012 in the subject Information Management, grade: -, University of Derby, language: English, abstract: In contrast of classical economy in neoclassical economy, knowledge is one of the main factors of production. Since the mid-1980s, there has been an increasing recognition that "knowledge is a ...
Knowledge management within Tesco
Scholarly Research Paper from the year 2012 in the subject Information Management, grade: -, University of Derby, language: English, abstract: In contrast of classical economy in neoclassical economy, knowledge is one of the main factors of production. Since the mid-1980s, there has been an increasing recognition that "knowledge is a fundamental factor behind an enterprise's success." Scholar emphasises on invaluableness of knowledge and its dominant role among the other competitive advantages. They argue that knowledge causes sustainability in volatile environment. And many executives inaugurated methods of knowledge management as a complementary process of previous activities; such as total quality management (TQM), to grab some more competitive advantages among their rivals. The first brick of structuring knowledge management (KM) is identifying the meaning of knowledge, information and data. These definitions and their differences are mentioned beneath the literature review. And one of the most novel and powerful KM framework is introduced which comes from communication science. In the field of communication science, there is one dominant theory for process of information sharing which is based on mathematics and statistical analyses. By interpreting this model to organisation's routine activities, companies can use it as a basic framework for the whole process of knowledge sharing. This model of knowledge sharing (communication model) has a better control over finding barriers among the other frameworks. More than dozens of barriers are declared in the scientific journals, but some of them may reveal within the particular case and by utilising this model it is possible to categorised barriers in manifold ways. Besides, communication framework has more clarity. This model elucidates relations among various parts of organisations, so finding critical success factors are easier than before. This model also supports other dominant theories in KM and KMS; such as
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20.900000 USD

Knowledge management within Tesco

by Payam Haerifar
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Diploma Thesis from the year 2003 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: Sehr Gut, University of Applied Sciences Kufstein Tirol (International Business Studies), language: English, abstract: On the turn from an industrial to a knowledge based economy the rules of economic geography have changed significantly. ...
Quality of Life, Human Capital and the Innovativeness of European Cities
Diploma Thesis from the year 2003 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: Sehr Gut, University of Applied Sciences Kufstein Tirol (International Business Studies), language: English, abstract: On the turn from an industrial to a knowledge based economy the rules of economic geography have changed significantly. Human capital and a high quality of life which attracts it have become the most important factors for urban economic growth. The goal of the study was to find out whether there is evidence for the hypothesis that European cities with a high quality of life are more innovative. The reasoning is that a nice living environment attracts educated people, which in the next step lures knowledge-based companies and stirs innovative activity. The results of the statistical analysis carried out by the author prove the hypothesis that quality of life and innovativeness are connected. Specifically a good environmental quality directly supports the production of scientific articles. Together with a high-educated labor force it also attracts innovative high-tech companies, which increase the production of patents. An overall high quality of life and a high income level attract educated people and increase the knowledge base of a city. However, a city does not necessarily have to be rich in monetary resources to achieve a good innovative performance. In fact, the quality of life predicts the innovativeness of European cities better than the income level. Despite these findings the author also found evidence that a good environmental condition as well as learning effects through industry agglomeration increase the efficiency of knowledge workers. Cities that are home to a big number of high-tech companies and offer a nice environment produce considerably more patents per invested R&D money than other cities. The results of the study suggest that city officials should turn away from attracting high-tech companies by moneta
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27.820000 USD

Quality of Life, Human Capital and the Innovativeness of European Cities

by Roland Spitzlinger
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Master's Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, University of Glasgow, course: M.Sc in Management, language: English, comment: "Interesting to read." Prof. Janan Sulaiman. - Supervisor dissertation/ 1st marker., abstract: The study illustrates the poor risk management by financial institutions which have ...
Risk Management in the Light of Current Global Financial Meltdown
Master's Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, University of Glasgow, course: M.Sc in Management, language: English, comment: "Interesting to read." Prof. Janan Sulaiman. - Supervisor dissertation/ 1st marker., abstract: The study illustrates the poor risk management by financial institutions which have resulted in the global financial meltdown. The reality of practical risk management is much complex involving issues from regulations to innovations. There are a number of issues which are interconnected and financial innovations have tied everything together in such a way that it has created a huge systemic risk for the whole financial system. The evaluation of the failed risk management which was practiced in reality is the focus of this dissertation. The dissertation begins with the established risk management theories and different types of risks that can be identified. The models that are critiqued in the study are widely used by present financial institutions. The issue of subprime crisis which eventually led to the global financial meltdown is something not found directly in risk management theories. Further insight is provided with two case studies. Solution to the issue is deliberately not suggested as it would be another temporary solution before the next crisis. It is risk managers and top management who has to take rational decisions and carefully analyze their investment decisions.
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35.180000 USD

Risk Management in the Light of Current Global Financial Meltdown

by Kaushik Nandan
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Essay from the year 2014 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1,0, University of London, course: Intellectual Capital and Competitvness, language: English, abstract: Knowledge and competence of individuals and their recognized value for successful and sustainable economic activity is reflected in the term of intellectual ...
Drivers for Corporate Competitiveness. Intellectual Capital and Related Intangible Assets and Intellectual Property
Essay from the year 2014 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1,0, University of London, course: Intellectual Capital and Competitvness, language: English, abstract: Knowledge and competence of individuals and their recognized value for successful and sustainable economic activity is reflected in the term of intellectual capital. Companies that want to be successful and play an outstanding role in the fierce competition of global dynamic markets have to be able to continuously innovate. Competiveness more and more becomes a question of the ability to innovate; Creativeness, ideas, knowledge and competencies as well as the ability to collaborate are key factors to be competitive and therefore are important elements which have to be managed by today's corporations. One can speak of a paradigm change going away from an industrial society where classical production factors (land, labour and capital) and tangible resources mattered, where labour was seen as a cost factor. The intangible paradigm on the contrary considers labour and therefore humans and their knowledge as the most important source of innovation and value creation. In that sense intellectual capital is actually substituting the other factors of production. This essay will elaborate what intellectual capital is, what elements it consist of and why it is important for corporate competiveness.
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8.300000 USD

Drivers for Corporate Competitiveness. Intellectual Capital and Related Intangible Assets and Intellectual Property

by Kai Wright
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Essay from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Miscellaneous, grade: A, Webster University (International Relations), course: International Political Economy, language: English, comment: This essay discuss how Multinational Corporations (MNCs)such as Nike exploits both resources and people of the less-developed countries under the umbrella of globalization., abstract: Human ...
Nike's Contractor Factories inDeveloping Countries. Opportunity or Exploitation?
Essay from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Miscellaneous, grade: A, Webster University (International Relations), course: International Political Economy, language: English, comment: This essay discuss how Multinational Corporations (MNCs)such as Nike exploits both resources and people of the less-developed countries under the umbrella of globalization., abstract: Human rights organizations, labor unions, and other civic societies around the world criticize Nike and its contractors in developing countries for worker exploitation, abuses, excessive overtime, inadequate wages, lack of medical facilities in its factories and bad working conditions.
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20.900000 USD

Nike's Contractor Factories inDeveloping Countries. Opportunity or Exploitation?

by Abdulwali Sherzad Miakhel
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Master's Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Communications - Multimedia, Internet, New Technologies, grade: B1, University of Glasgow, course: Media Management, language: English, abstract: The music business is one of the few industries that has trouble growing profits in its transition to digital. Digital media, downloads, mobile music ...
The Impact of Online Music Services on the Music Recording Industry
Master's Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject Communications - Multimedia, Internet, New Technologies, grade: B1, University of Glasgow, course: Media Management, language: English, abstract: The music business is one of the few industries that has trouble growing profits in its transition to digital. Digital media, downloads, mobile music streams, music flat rates, peer-to-peer networks and the rise of 'freeconomics' on the Internet are partly responsible for the reduction in CD sales in recent years. The question that is most important for the industry is how the widespread of freely available content and illegal downloading can be monetised. One approach to model around the main threats to the music industry is the development of online music services. Thus, this study is an attempt to address the issue of 'what are the opportunities and challenges posed by online music services for the music recording industry?' Referring to empirical findings of a consumer survey and expert interviews, both opportunities and challenges can be identified for the music recording industry. The opportunities surrounding the development of these services are encouraging. Deriving from the challenges, the music recording industry must ensure that online music services are a supplement to traditional ways of consumption and do not turn into a replacement of physical music consumption. Concluding online music services have a small impact on the recording industry. The industry might benefit from closely cooperating with online music services by learning more about consumers' tastes. Nevertheless, the online businesses are struggling to break even and revenues from streaming will not overcome legal downloads or CD sales as major revenue stream anytime soon.
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30.980000 USD

The Impact of Online Music Services on the Music Recording Industry

by Daniel Wiechmann
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Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: 2.0, International Business School Lippstadt, language: English, abstract: The Adidas group, headquartered in Herzogenaurach (Germany) was built on 18th August 1920 by Adolf Dassler. The brand and its products ...
Adidas Marketing Strategy - An Overview
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: 2.0, International Business School Lippstadt, language: English, abstract: The Adidas group, headquartered in Herzogenaurach (Germany) was built on 18th August 1920 by Adolf Dassler. The brand and its products celebrated their first worldwide success in 1954 after the German have won the soccer world championship. After some commercial disappointments in the middle 80s, the family enterprise had to open up for investors. In 1995 followed the initial public offering on Frankfurts exchange market. To stay competitive to Nike on the US-market, the company had taken over Reebok in 2006. Furthermore, the company has worldwide 169 subsidiaries and had total revenue of 11.990 Mio. Euros in 2010. The company uses the image of its brand and the available amount of capital to sponsor many sports events such as soccer championships, Olympic Games or Paralympics and many more. In 2012 Adidas will be the official sportswear-partner of the Olympic Games and the Paralympics in London. Additionally Adidas high-qualified experts and its international network of suppliers make the company a competitive manufacturer of sporting goods.
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22.580000 USD
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Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Personnel and Organisation, grade: 1,2, EBS European Business School gGmbH (Strascheg Institute for Innovation and Entrepreneurship (SIIE)), language: English, abstract: The term family office (FO) is a hot buzzword in the financial services industry today (Bowen Jr., 2004). ...
Structuring the Family Office. Insourcing Versus Outsourcing Decisions for Real Estate Investments Into Foreign Markets
Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Personnel and Organisation, grade: 1,2, EBS European Business School gGmbH (Strascheg Institute for Innovation and Entrepreneurship (SIIE)), language: English, abstract: The term family office (FO) is a hot buzzword in the financial services industry today (Bowen Jr., 2004). As their wealth increases, families will at some point likely turn to advisors to assist with the management and protection of their prosperity. These professionals working under one roof are commonly referred to as family office (Cestnick, 2011). Like any business operating in the capital markets, family offices focus on the achievement of superior performance and investment return maximization. Yet, in a globalized world, markets have turned out to be fairly volatile during the past two decades. In particular as a consequence of the 2008 financial crisis, markets have been turbulent all around the world (Adair, Berry, Haran, Lloyd, & McGreal, 2009). Still today, Europe - as an economic entity - appears to be sensible to the offshoots of the financial and economic depression (Adair et. al., 2009). During such times, the axiom for a family office may be contrasting: If only few reputable investments turn out to be profitable, the primary objective rather has to be the diversification and securitizing of assets and risks (Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, 2011). Hedging against inflation and economic disruptions, both gold and real estate, often considered the classical alternative investments, have lately received increasing attention by academic scholars and practitioners (Bond & Seiler, 1998; Enns, 1979; Preston, 2011; Worthington & Pahlavani, 2007). Real estate, in particular, is considered favorable by some as, unlike for gold, capital gains are not the sole source of income and positive cashflows on income properties may be achieved on a reoccurring basis (McKnight, 2010).
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22.580000 USD

Structuring the Family Office. Insourcing Versus Outsourcing Decisions for Real Estate Investments Into Foreign Markets

by Florian Manz
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Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1.0, Helmut Schmidt University - University of the Federal Armed Forces Hamburg (Fakultat fur Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften), course: Seminar Expatriation, language: English, abstract: With the present paper we tried to create a quite ...
Expatriation in China
Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1.0, Helmut Schmidt University - University of the Federal Armed Forces Hamburg (Fakultat fur Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften), course: Seminar Expatriation, language: English, abstract: With the present paper we tried to create a quite comprehensive picture of China, it's economy, education, law and culture and, based thereof, what challenge a German company that considers expatriating staff to China can possibly encounter. Though entering the Chinese market with its great potential for future growth is understandably attractive for globally acting firms, setting up shop in the People's Republic needs to be considered carefully and planned thoroughly. Besides many other difficulties, the question of how best to make use of German and local staff is vitally important. The success of operating in China will largely rise and fall with the ability of the German expatriates who are responsible for setting up operations in China. Therefore, choosing the right staff for expatriation, training, supervising and caring for it is of utmost importance. Because of the vast cultural differences, China is probably one of the most demanding expatriation destinations there is. As we showed in our section about culture, China differs from Germany considerably in all but one of Hofstede's dimension, the most significant difference being the long-term orientation and collectivism. These cultural differences are of course reflected in the way the Chinese work, manage and negotiate. In order to be successful, the German expatriate not only needs to know about these differences, he or she has to adapt to them. As Posth states in his remarks and experiences in China, most foreign enterprises in China fail not because of too high costs or lack of competitiveness, but because cultural interaction problems and missing understanding of each other (Posth, 2006). Based on
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33.080000 USD

Expatriation in China

by Dirk Salmon, Carsten Dietrich, Christian Brockmann
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Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject Business economics - Miscellaneous, grade: 1,7, Bristol Business School (Bristol Business School - University of the West of England), course: Managing Change, 23 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In the following research essay, the take-over of ARAL by the ...
The Takeover from ARAL by BP
Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject Business economics - Miscellaneous, grade: 1,7, Bristol Business School (Bristol Business School - University of the West of England), course: Managing Change, 23 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In the following research essay, the take-over of ARAL by the German BP will be analysed. Furthermore, the case will explore the assumption of 'transformational change' as the best way to achieve successful change. Firstly, the background of the change will be explained. Afterwards a short comparison of both cultures will illustrate the differences of the companies. Overall, the change process will be explained and evaluated under the aspect of organisational change management. In order to expose the case, theoretical concepts and frameworks will be used. Finally, the way in which BP implemented successful the change will be linked to the set question of 'transformational change'.
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12.500000 USD

The Takeover from ARAL by BP

by Sven Rosenhauer
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Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Accounting and Taxes, grade: 1,0, University of the West of England, Bristol (Bristol Business School), course: Corporate Reporting Theory and Practice, language: English, abstract: In this report the International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) for Small and Medium-sized Entities ...
The International Financial Reporting Standard (Ifrs). Corporate Reporting Theory and Practice
Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Accounting and Taxes, grade: 1,0, University of the West of England, Bristol (Bristol Business School), course: Corporate Reporting Theory and Practice, language: English, abstract: In this report the International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) for Small and Medium-sized Entities (SMEs) is presented. It identifies that this new standard is required due to mainly smaller, non-listed companies prevailing. These entities currently use diverse national accounting standards and thus are not comparable. However, because of SMEs' differing activities and stakeholders, existing IFRSs would not be appropriate so new standards are needed. The IFRSs for SMEs are based on initial, full IFRSs but were reduced, simplified and adjusted to reduce the reporting burden that many small companies would suffer. All companies addressed are not publicly accountable, provide general purpose statements and approximately contain 50 employees. Which firms in detail will apply to these new standards is finalised by national jurisdictions. Nonetheless, there can be found some disadvantages. E.g. immense simplifications can result in insufficiently explained standards that can hardly be employed adequately. Furthermore, four accounting events are revealed: goodwill impairment, cost method for associates, finance leases and research and development expenditures. All these show up differences compared to full IFRSs. The preparation of financial reports is facilitated and user interests are taken into consideration. However, alternatives can be suggested that perhaps are more appropriate for SMEs. Finally, it is concluded that the IFRS for SMEs are well developed including advantageous adjustments that try to satisfy SMEs' as well as their reports users' needs. However, it becomes apparent that some revisions could be necessary to consequently truthfully allow the vast amount of smaller companies become globally comparab
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20.900000 USD

The International Financial Reporting Standard (Ifrs). Corporate Reporting Theory and Practice

by Nadine Wiese
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Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: 1,3, Shanghai University (International Management), course: E-Commerce, language: English, abstract: As the importance of E-Commerce is constantly growing, traditional brick-and mortar companies have to consider building up an additional ...
Bricks and Clicks.the Right Balance Between Virtual and Physical Stores
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Marketing, Corporate Communication, CRM, Market Research, Social Media, grade: 1,3, Shanghai University (International Management), course: E-Commerce, language: English, abstract: As the importance of E-Commerce is constantly growing, traditional brick-and mortar companies have to consider building up an additional sales channel - the Internet. In order to be successful, companies have to find an appropriate proportion between full integration and separation of virtual and physical store. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of the article "Get the Right Mix of Bricks & Clicks" by Ranjay Gulati and Jason Garino, which was published in the Harvard Business Review of June 2000.To understand the concept better, the author is applying the arguments to two E-business firms: "Zara," a clothing retailer and "Dell," a computer manufacturer.
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22.580000 USD

Bricks and Clicks.the Right Balance Between Virtual and Physical Stores

by Eva Muller
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Scholarly Research Paper from the year 2013 in the subject Instructor Plans: Pedagogy / Education / Consultation, grade: 1st class, University of Derby, language: English, abstract: It is evident that schools require effective leaders and managers if they are to achieve success and provide a world class education for their ...
Educational Leadership and Management in an International School Context
Scholarly Research Paper from the year 2013 in the subject Instructor Plans: Pedagogy / Education / Consultation, grade: 1st class, University of Derby, language: English, abstract: It is evident that schools require effective leaders and managers if they are to achieve success and provide a world class education for their learners. As addressed by The Ministry of Education and Training, Vietnam (MOET, 2012) 'the system of education and finance management is still weak. There is a shortage of primary education managers and they lack high qualification...' This study aims to provide empirical evidence by critically analysing leadership models and styles that are most likely to achieve the best outcomes and to which leadership can be understood in an international school context. Senior and Middle leadership members were interviewed and observed; qualitative data was then triangulated to ensure validity and reliability. Data suggests that the institution operates most successfully under a transformational vision built on values and beliefs, supported by a strong participative and collaborative leadership style.
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29.920000 USD

Educational Leadership and Management in an International School Context

by Dr. Mark Atkinson
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Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Business economics - General, grade: Sehr Gut, Vienna University of Economics and Business (Europainstitut), course: Qualitative Methoden, language: English, abstract: Traditionally most social researchers either employ purely qualitative or quantitative methods, even though a mixed method strategy may promise better results. ...
Mixed Method Research - Qualitative Comparative Analysis
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Business economics - General, grade: Sehr Gut, Vienna University of Economics and Business (Europainstitut), course: Qualitative Methoden, language: English, abstract: Traditionally most social researchers either employ purely qualitative or quantitative methods, even though a mixed method strategy may promise better results. The present paper introduces Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) as a mixed method alternative for data analysis. It may be of particular value when dealing with small-n case studies, which typically do not permit profound statistical testing. QCA enables researchers to filter those variables or combinations of variables that empirically result in (and possibly explain) a certain outcome. As such, the method can also be used to analyze the impact of social networks on companies' innovation performance and promises valuable new insights in the field.
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19.840000 USD
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Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Pedagogy - Job Education, Occupational Training, Further Education, grade: -, University of Dodoma (College of Education), course: Organizational Behaviour, language: English, abstract: Introduction This paper provides detailed information about organizational culture specifically in education organizations. Because it is impossible to separate ...
Organizational Culture: Its implications to educational Institutions
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Pedagogy - Job Education, Occupational Training, Further Education, grade: -, University of Dodoma (College of Education), course: Organizational Behaviour, language: English, abstract: Introduction This paper provides detailed information about organizational culture specifically in education organizations. Because it is impossible to separate culture from value, therefore, in a way, the paper does not ignore to give a highlight on organizational value. The paper elaborates in deep the meaning, characteristics and foundation of organizational culture. In the aspect of value, the paper provides the meaning, types and profile of organizational value. However, the main focus of the paper is to show how organizational culture impacts organizational performance. Therefore, in order to bring out the impacts of organizational culture in the performance of organization, the paper gives the functions of organizational culture. The paper comes to an end by showing the strategies to build high performance culture in schools.
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16.700000 USD
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Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: 1,3, Berlin School of Economics, 46 entries in the bibliography, language: English, comment: Covers the following points: Implementation Reasons, Form, Impact, Criticism, Termination, Termination Problems., abstract: Textile and clothing manufacture and trade have been crucial ...
Quotas on Textiles and Clothing - A Review
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: 1,3, Berlin School of Economics, 46 entries in the bibliography, language: English, comment: Covers the following points: Implementation Reasons, Form, Impact, Criticism, Termination, Termination Problems., abstract: Textile and clothing manufacture and trade have been crucial elements to international economic activity and growth for about two centuries. This labour intensive industry requires relatively low skilled workers and little fixed capital to establish production facilities. In consequence, the textile and clothing industry was one of the main sectors of economic growth at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in developed countries and is of particular significance for developing countries at present. The objective of this paper is to outline the case of quotas on the import of textiles and clothing and to contribute to the ongoing debate by assessing the issue from different perspectives. An overview about the textile and clothing sector in the 2nd chapter will clarify its structure, characteristics and recent patterns in international trade. On this background, chapter 3 will identify reasons for the implementation of the quotas and outline their historic emergence from the 1950s to the ATC, followed by a critical evaluation of their impacts. The 4th chapter will assess anticipated and actual post ATC-effects on both developed and developing countries. Special attention will be paid to the particular case of China. Furthermore, chapter 4 will describe the respective reactions of various interest groups, and outline the recently reinstalled safeguard measures of both the EU and the USA. Chapter 5 will come forward with some observations and suggestions as regards possibilities to cope with the intense competition for producers of textiles and clothing in both industrialised and developing countries. Chapter 6 will close this paper with a final conclus
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12.500000 USD

Quotas on Textiles and Clothing - A Review

by Monique Isenheim
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Research Paper from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: -, London Business School (London Business School / INSEAD), language: English, comment: London Business School / INSEAD, abstract: This report examines the subject of profitable growth in the modern cruise industry by comparing ...
The quest for profitable growth in the modern cruise industry
Research Paper from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: -, London Business School (London Business School / INSEAD), language: English, comment: London Business School / INSEAD, abstract: This report examines the subject of profitable growth in the modern cruise industry by comparing the financial and operating performance and the management practices of the two leading cruise operators, Carnival and Royal Caribbean, over the twelve-year period from 1996 to 2007. During the past 40 years the cruise industry has evolved from a form of mere transoceanic transportation to an alternative vacation at sea. Despite growing at a CAGR of 7.7% since 1980, the penetration rate for the cruise industry is only 17%. In North America alone the cruise industry generated $20.6 billion in 2006. By comparison, the lodging industry in North America generated revenues of $133.4 billion during the same year. The cruise industry remains a relatively young industry. This is proven by the fact that, of the 168 million passengers that have cruised globally since 1990, 72% cruised in the past ten years and 43% in the past five years alone. The cruise industry has continually expanded to meet or boost demand: 40 new ships were built in the 1980s, 80 new ships were built in the 1990s, and 46 new ships are scheduled to enter the global market within the next four years. Even though there are more than 30 brands of cruise lines, only two companies dominate this industry: Carnival Corp & Plc (CCL) and Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd (RCL). The cruise industry remains highly segmented by product-with a variety of brands targeting a wide array of price points, consumer needs, and itineraries-but by the end of 2007 Carnival and Royal Caribbean alone controlled about two-thirds of the global capacity, with shares of 45% and 21% respectively. Back in 1987, their estimated combined share of global capacity was only 11%. Up until 2000, C
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28.240000 USD

The quest for profitable growth in the modern cruise industry

by Stefano Turconi
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Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Tourism, grade: 9,7 (of 10) - distinction, Bournemouth University (School of Tourism), course: European Tourism Management, language: English, abstract: In recent years, smartphone applications have appeared as a new tool helping travellers create experiences. Taking into consideration the potential impact of ...
Usage of Smartphone Applications in Tourism
Master's Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Tourism, grade: 9,7 (of 10) - distinction, Bournemouth University (School of Tourism), course: European Tourism Management, language: English, abstract: In recent years, smartphone applications have appeared as a new tool helping travellers create experiences. Taking into consideration the potential impact of the smartphones and mobile applications, it is important to analyse the usage of smartphone applications in tourism. This dissertation analyses the already existing mobile applications on the tourism market, clarifies which type of consumers uses these applications during their travel process and predicts some future trends for these new mobile services. There are several different user groups who use smartphones in a variety of different ways, from business users to media junkies. The literature review shows that the main customers are young men, who use these applications especially to plan their travel during the information phase. But smartphone applications can not only support tourists' information processing activities such as connection and navigation in the tourism consumption stage, but also the activities in the pre-consumption and post-consumption stages. A survey in Madrid (Spain) and Nuremberg (Germany) was conducted for this dissertation showing the main differences and similarities in using smartphone applications for tourism activities. The usage of smartphones in Germany is still more frequent than in Spain and the main used device is the iPhone from Apple. Furthermore, German as well as Spanish travellers focus their usage mainly on the information stage than on the booking process, as the majority of mobile applications are purely informative such as maps or tourist travel guides. The usage is also still challenged by expensive roaming charges and poor Internet connectivity. For a successful usage tourism companies should therefore focus on aspects like secure and efficient mobile
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50.300000 USD

Usage of Smartphone Applications in Tourism

by Dilara Torun
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Essay from the year 2014 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 2,0, University of London, course: Digitial Creativity and New Media Management, language: English, abstract: Internet of things (in the following: IoT), Industrial Internet, Ubiquitous Computing - these are current buzz words all trying to ...
What Key Disruptive Effects Have and Will the Internet of Things or Physical Computing Have on Business and Our Daily Lives?
Essay from the year 2014 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 2,0, University of London, course: Digitial Creativity and New Media Management, language: English, abstract: Internet of things (in the following: IoT), Industrial Internet, Ubiquitous Computing - these are current buzz words all trying to provide a catchable description of what we are currently experiencing: A fundamentally new quality of computerized data collection and processing, enabled by smart devices, which are fitted with sensors, processors and connectivity components making them capable of being interconnected devices with autonomous exchange of information. These devices form the IoT, a vision in which classical computers as separate devices are disappearing and smart objects merge into the physical world. This essay will elaborate upon the concept of the IoT, the underlying conditions why we are experiencing the realisation of the vision now, the value drivers and how this will affect our private lives as well as businesses.
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8.300000 USD

What Key Disruptive Effects Have and Will the Internet of Things or Physical Computing Have on Business and Our Daily Lives?

by Kai Wright
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Essay from the year 2011 in the subject Communications - Public Relations, Advertising, Marketing, Social Media, grade: 1.0, Sheffield Hallam University, course: MA Public Relations, language: English, abstract: The 2010 UK general election was dubbed the 'internet election', and political party communications chiefs deployed a whole range of new weaponry ...
How significant was the internet during the UK General Election 2010?
Essay from the year 2011 in the subject Communications - Public Relations, Advertising, Marketing, Social Media, grade: 1.0, Sheffield Hallam University, course: MA Public Relations, language: English, abstract: The 2010 UK general election was dubbed the 'internet election', and political party communications chiefs deployed a whole range of new weaponry in the bid to win the 'hearts and minds' of voters. This paper critically evaluates this statement using reference to current and recent high profile campaigns, plus reference to wider academic research and analysis.
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16.280000 USD

How significant was the internet during the UK General Election 2010?

by Tessa Humphrys
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Scholarly Essay from the year 1999 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, The Open University (Open University Business School), course: Managing Knowledge, language: English, abstract: This report discusses a knowledge strategy in the communications profession in IBM Europe, Middle East and Africa. The focus of that ...
A Knowledge Strategy for a Communications and PR practice of a large firm
Scholarly Essay from the year 1999 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, The Open University (Open University Business School), course: Managing Knowledge, language: English, abstract: This report discusses a knowledge strategy in the communications profession in IBM Europe, Middle East and Africa. The focus of that report is to reveal the reshift from a replication- orientated organisation which excels in functionality onto a communicationsintensive consultant organsiation in which the active management of both tacit and explict knowledge does play an active role. In the previous Intellectual Capital assessment, it has been discovered, that intellectual capital in this communications organization is rather unorganized and disperse. Here, it is further looked into and found out that one of the reasons for this dispersed intellectual capital the missing accumulation and conversion of knowledge in that organization. Reasons for this are: few or very unuseful joint tools for personal use, no expert professions to grow into and thus no personal reward to accumulate real market or media knowledge, and last but not least a culture that does reward the quick shot and not sustainability. The underlying technology - is not used suffieciently and only in a dispersed way. As a consequence, lots of intellectual capital is lost constantly. Customer satisfaction - thus expressed through IBM employee attrition rate internally and through favourability level of journalists and number of strategically focused media imprints - could be increased significantly. To gain a strategic advantage through a knowledgeable communications organization that brings value add to the business, it is recommended in this report to * Setup a knowledge officer in the organisation, closely aligned to the VP of Communications. * Setup communications knowledge hubs at strategic sites who act as key knowledge accumulators de-alllocation of professionals from non-str
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21.940000 USD

A Knowledge Strategy for a Communications and PR practice of a large firm

by Christoph Frhr Von Gamm
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Master's Thesis from the year 2003 in the subject Business economics - Personnel and Organisation, grade: 70 (distinction), 1.0, The University of Surrey (School of Management), language: English, abstract: The concept of job satisfaction is one of the most extensively researched area in organisational management as a consequence of its ...
Employee Satisfaction on Cruise Ships
Master's Thesis from the year 2003 in the subject Business economics - Personnel and Organisation, grade: 70 (distinction), 1.0, The University of Surrey (School of Management), language: English, abstract: The concept of job satisfaction is one of the most extensively researched area in organisational management as a consequence of its association with individual and organisational outcomes. In order to explain the concept, the study explores traditional, e.g. Maslow's hierarchy of needs," and new theories of job satisfaction. Although many studies were conducted in various industries there seems to be a lack of research amongst seafarers on cruise ships. The cruise industry has been one of the fastest growing sectors within the tourism industry over the last decade and it is estimated that the industry continues to grow by 10% annually (Testa et al., 1998a). Cruise ships offer a unique work environment so that this research aims to assess job satisfaction of seafarers in relation to employee expectations and experiences, supervisor and co-worker relationships, as well as working and living conditions. For this cross-sectional study the researcher used a quantitative research design and undertook the investigation in a non-contrived setting. The lack of an appropriate instrument to measure the above mentioned variables in such a unique and complex workplace led the researcher to develop a new scale suitable for the cruise industry. The instrument was developed by reviewing popular scales, such as, the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire. The sample of seafarers was taken from two ships of an American cruise line operating in the luxury cruise market. The investigation revealed that the developed instrument is a valid and reliable measure to assess job satisfaction in the cruise industry. Significant results were found throughout the study and it appeared that seafarers are generally satisfied with their job. However, on Ship B there was indication that so
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69.820000 USD

Employee Satisfaction on Cruise Ships

by Ina Kronberg
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Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Business economics - Personnel and Organisation, grade: 1,7, Berlin School of Economics, language: English, abstract: Unionized power is organizational power, which is based on the number of members. The number of members has a demand on the legit representation of the ...
Have Labor Unions outlived their usefulness in the modern business working environment?
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Business economics - Personnel and Organisation, grade: 1,7, Berlin School of Economics, language: English, abstract: Unionized power is organizational power, which is based on the number of members. The number of members has a demand on the legit representation of the working population. Preservation and extension of this power are orientated on the interest of every labor union. " Labor Unions in Germany are documenting an ever declining number of members. Although, Labor Unions are performing the most considerable form of organized interest on the labor market" Labor unions are more and more endangered by the decreasing number of members and recruiting deficit. Some experts even believe that labor unions will not exist anymore in the future. One question, of course is, if labor unions really have outlived their usefulness in the modern business work environment. Remembering headlines in newspapers like: New Year - new resistance" or "The protest will continue" I think that labor unions are still important. Especially in the modern business work environment where the competition in different sectors is very fierce and where management tries to safe costs, and working power, in order to increase the company's profits. This thesis was written to demonstrate that Labor Unions are still important in our modern business work environment. Therefore the following act was chosen: To get an insight how Labor Unions in Germany were established, the part "History of Labor Unions in Germany" gives a first insight. Afterwards the role of Labor Unions in Germany will be investigated and then a comparison from different countries. In the main part the arguments that Labor Unions have not outlived their usefulness in the modern business working environment and the arguments that Labor Unions have outlived their usefulness in the modern business working environment will be shown. Last but not least my personal opinion about
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18.800000 USD

Have Labor Unions outlived their usefulness in the modern business working environment?

by Ingrid-Sofia Roth
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Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: Sehr gut, The University of Surrey (School of Management), language: English, abstract: As many other industries the car manufacturing industry has been hardly hit in the most countries by the international financial crisis ...
The impact of the global downturn on the car manufacturing industry
Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: Sehr gut, The University of Surrey (School of Management), language: English, abstract: As many other industries the car manufacturing industry has been hardly hit in the most countries by the international financial crisis and subsequent economic slowdown. Several reasons of the credit crunch have also been the trigger for turbulences in the car industry, especially in Europe and the United States of America. Years of cheap and extensive opportunities to finance new cars (low interest rates and negligent credit approvals) have decoupled the economic growth from the car sales and have lead to extensive excess in demand. Based on major theories in strategic management (e.g. Porter's five forces), this works examines the reasons for car manufactures problems during the crisis, strategic implications and measures to enable a future growth story.
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19.420000 USD

The impact of the global downturn on the car manufacturing industry

by Nils Peters
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Scholarly Research Paper from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: 1.3, University of Applied Sciences Berlin, course: Financial Management, language: English, abstract: Based on a practical example the role of financial planning is analyzed. In a first step the financial situation of KLA-Tencor ...
The role of financial planning in making investment decisions
Scholarly Research Paper from the year 2009 in the subject Business economics - Investment and Finance, grade: 1.3, University of Applied Sciences Berlin, course: Financial Management, language: English, abstract: Based on a practical example the role of financial planning is analyzed. In a first step the financial situation of KLA-Tencor Corporation was reviewed using public available data of last year's financial statements and press releases. In a second step the data was discussed in comparison to industry peers and financial ratios were calculated. Long term financial planning approaches were reviewed and planning models were discussed. In a last step a "percentage of sales" model was applied to develop a potential scenario for KLA-Tencor Corp. over the next 4 years until 2012 based on forecasts of market research institutes. The assignment ends with potential conclusions how KLA-Tencor could use its financial strength for a rapid growth over the next years.
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25.100000 USD

The role of financial planning in making investment decisions

by Christian Kuhne
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Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1,3, University of Hohenheim (Lehrstuhl fur Unternehmensfuhrung), course: Seminar Marketing und Management-Insights, language: English, abstract: Im Rahmen dieser Arbeit werden Country-of-Origin und Country Image Effekte mit der Zielsetzung, Implikationen fur internationale Marketingstrategien abzuleiten, ...
Country-of-Origin Effects and Competitive Advantage
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 1,3, University of Hohenheim (Lehrstuhl fur Unternehmensfuhrung), course: Seminar Marketing und Management-Insights, language: English, abstract: Im Rahmen dieser Arbeit werden Country-of-Origin und Country Image Effekte mit der Zielsetzung, Implikationen fur internationale Marketingstrategien abzuleiten, untersucht. Hierfur werden zunachst Konzeptualisierung und Operationalsierung der betreffenden Konstrukte auf Basis einer fundierten Literaturanalyse die vorgenom-men. Im Weiteren wird der Einfluss des Country-of-Origin wie auch des Coun-try Image auf das Konsumentenverhalten untersucht. Dazu wird neben konventionellen Ansatzen wie Kategorisierung und Ethnozentrismus eine neue, erganzende Sicht-weise beleuchtet. Insofern lasst sich abschliessend die Relevanz des Landerimage fur internationale Marketingstrategien aufzeigen, da es sich weiterhin um ein breit diskutiertes Konstrukt handelt, welches kunftiger Forschungsaktivitaten bedarf. This paper analyses the concept of Country-of-Origin and Country Image with the purpose of highlighting implications for international marketing strategies. This is done by presenting an overview of the conceptual background of the two concepts, their influence on consumer behaviour as well as by discussing an integrative framework for their conceptualisation and operationalisation. After emphasising that these concepts indeed have an impact on product evaluations, their relevance for international marketing strategies is assessed. Conventional approaches such as categorisation and ethnocentrism that tend to bias Country-of-Origin effects will be complemented by a brand-new one. Thus, it is argued that Country Image is still a disputed issue and that there is need for further research on this construct
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22.580000 USD

Country-of-Origin Effects and Competitive Advantage

by Corinna Nefzger, Philip Sipos
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Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: -, University of Dodoma (College of Education), course: Policy Planning and Project Design in Education, language: English, comment: It is a good paper for project managers and project designers of every kind. You ...
Project Design and Management Knowledge and Project Management Skills
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: -, University of Dodoma (College of Education), course: Policy Planning and Project Design in Education, language: English, comment: It is a good paper for project managers and project designers of every kind. You should read it., abstract: Project Design and Management Knowledge and Project Management Skills By Mohamed Msoroka Assistant Lecturer of the University of Dodoma-Tanzania College of Education Department of Education Foundations and Continuing Education Abstract The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical analysis of the topic of project design and implementation, where issues of project design and management knowledge and project management skills have been the main focus. In the process of analysis, the paper provides various aspects like the concept of project, features of project, major characteristics of project and the project life cycle phases. On the other hand, issues on project design and the Logical Framework Approach in project planning are emphasized. Moreover, the paper provides significant information on project management, where issues on project management process, stages/phases of project management, management skills and project management knowledge are discussed. The most important thing to bear in mind is that, the information provided in this paper is useful in any kind of project, and therefore including education projects.
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18.380000 USD

Project Design and Management Knowledge and Project Management Skills

by Mohamed Msoroka
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Economical Analysis for Emaar Properties
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20.480000 USD

Economical Analysis for Emaar Properties

by Aamir Dawawala
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Leading Teams. Correct Team Building as a Success Factor in Companies
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21.940000 USD

Leading Teams. Correct Team Building as a Success Factor in Companies

by Jann Guzikiewitz
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Big Data Software Solutions by Ibm, Oracle, SAP and Microsoft. a Market Overview
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19.420000 USD

Big Data Software Solutions by Ibm, Oracle, SAP and Microsoft. a Market Overview

by Wolfgang Steinhart
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