Tribology of Metal Cutting deals with the emerging field of studies known as Metal Cutting Tribology. Tribology is defined as the science and technology of interactive surfaces moving relative each other. It concentrates on contact physics and mechanics of moving interfaces that generally involve energy dissipation. This book summarizes the available information on metal cutting tribology with a critical review of work done in the past. The book covers the complete system of metal cutting testing. In particular, it presents, explains and exemplifies a breakthrough concept of the physical resource of the cutting tool. It also describes the cutting system physical efficiency and its practical assessment via analysis of the energy partition in the cutting system. Specialists in the field of metal cutting will find information on how to apply the major principles of metal cutting tribology, or, in other words, how to make the metal cutting tribology to be useful at various levels of applications. The book discusses other novel concepts and principles in the tribology of metal cutting such as the energy partition in the cutting system; versatile metrics of cutting tool wear; optimal cutting temperature and its use in the optimization of the cutting process; the physical concept of cutting tool resource; and embrittlement action. This book is intended for a broad range of readers such as metal cutting tool, cutting insert, and process designers; manufacturing engineers involved in continuous process improvement; research workers who are active or intend to become active in the field; and senior undergraduate and graduate students of manufacturing.