Learning about grammar and studying words helps pupils to better comprehend and use language when they are reading, writing, speaking, listening and viewing. Pupils can use the 'rules' or features of grammar to make their own writing and speaking understood by others and to understand the writing and speaking of others. One major reference used during the writing of this series was the work of Professor George Stern who was a member of the Systemic Functional Grammar Association and PEN International. Functional grammarians consider the way in which words are used within the context of a sentence; that is, they are more concerned with their FUNCTION in a particular context. In traditional grammar, the focus was more on defining the different parts of speech. The book has been organised into four main sections covering a variety of aspects of grammar and word study: Parts of speech Understanding and choosing words Punctuation Figures of speech Groups of two pages within each section follow a similar format. Each pupil page is accompanied by a corresponding teachers page.