Few countries of its size have attracted more attention, and aroused more controversy, than Israel. It is a country beset by conflict in its region and faced with the need to integrate immigrants and to weld individuals of disparate backgrounds and ethnicity into a modern and advanced state. And, although small in size and population, it has played a significant role in international relations. This companion book to the Historical Dictionary of Israel provides, in a single source, a comprehensive and up-to-date reference volume with detailed information about every aspect of the political life of contemporary Israel, as well as serving as a guide to the complexities and nuances of contemporary Israeli politics. It fills a gap in the literature by providing comprehensive information about the various diplomatic and political personalities, institutions, organizations, events, concepts, and documents that together define the political life of the Jewish state. The Political Dictionary of Israel will provide both students and scholars with extensive information and serve as a starting point for further research on the topic through its detailed bibliographical references.