Parading Patriotism: Independence Day Celebrations in the Urban Midwest 1826-1876

Parading Patriotism explores how Fourth of July celebrations in the urban Midwest - specifically Chicago, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, and Indianapolis - helped to define patriotic nationalism during the nineteenth century. Independence Day provided an opportunity for a diverse citizenry to share in a nationalistic revelry explicitly promoting political independence and republican government. Yet the fact that these celebrations were regularly segregated underscores the underlying disagreements as to the true meaning of both national identity and patriotism.