This case study, developed in collaboration with the UNICEF National Committee in Canada, forms a component of Innocenti Research Centre's (IRC) research on the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This wider project has examined law reform and the implementation of the Convention in 62 countries. Assessment is currently underway of the progress under other general measures of implementation of the Convention in the same countries. In-depth case studies of countries in different regions of the world provide the opportunity to illustrate good practices, lessons learned and remaining challenges within the framework of the general measures. Canada represents an important and multifaceted case-examine as a large federal state in which responsibility for the protection of children's rights is shared between provincial governments and the national government. The study identifies progress that has been made and gaps remaining to be filled in addressing the general measures of implementation.