The IAEA has the specific statutory function within the United Nations system of establishing standards of safety for the protection of health against exposure to ionizing radiation. As part of this mandate, the IAEA has issued Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material, and has also established the Transport Safety Appraisal Service (TranSAS) to carry out, at the request of States, appraisals of the implementation of these regulations. The IAEA carried out such an appraisal in Turkey from 3 to 14 March 2003. The appraisal addressed all relevant transport activities in Turkey, both national and international, for all modes of transport. This report summarizes the findings of the four independent experts who participated in the appraisal.