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This work addresses this problem in the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) domain. We divide the general problem into five basic categories depending on the number of microphones being used and whether the interframe or interband correlation is considered. The first category deals with the single-channel problem where STFT coefficients at ...
Speech Enhancement in the STFT Domain
This work addresses this problem in the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) domain. We divide the general problem into five basic categories depending on the number of microphones being used and whether the interframe or interband correlation is considered. The first category deals with the single-channel problem where STFT coefficients at different frames and frequency bands are assumed to be independent. In this case, the noise reduction filter in each frequency band is basically a real gain. Since a gain does not improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for any given subband and frame, the noise reduction is basically achieved by liftering the subbands and frames that are less noisy while weighing down on those that are more noisy. The second category also concerns the single-channel problem. The difference is that now the interframe correlation is taken into account and a filter is applied in each subband instead of just a gain. The advantage of using the interframe correlation is that we can improve not only the long-time fullband SNR, but the frame-wise subband SNR as well. The third and fourth classes discuss the problem of multichannel noise reduction in the STFT domain with and without interframe correlation, respectively. In the last category, we consider the interband correlation in the design of the noise reduction filters. We illustrate the basic principle for the single-channel case as an example, while this concept can be generalized to other scenarios. In all categories, we propose different optimization cost functions from which we derive the optimal filters and we also define the performance measures that help analyzing them.
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73.490000 USD

Speech Enhancement in the STFT Domain

by Emanuel A.P. Habets, Jingdong Chen, Jacob Benesty
Paperback / softback
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This book brings together many advanced topics in network and acoustic echo cancellation aimed towards enhancing the echo cancellation performance of next-generation telecommunication systems. The resulting compendium provides a coherent treatment of such topics not found otherwise in journals or other books.
Advances in Network and Acoustic Echo Cancellation
This book brings together many advanced topics in network and acoustic echo cancellation aimed towards enhancing the echo cancellation performance of next-generation telecommunication systems. The resulting compendium provides a coherent treatment of such topics not found otherwise in journals or other books.
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178.490000 USD

Advances in Network and Acoustic Echo Cancellation

by S.L. Gay, M. M. Sondhi, David Morgan, T. Gansler, Jacob Benesty
Hardback
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Microphone arrays have attracted a lot of interest over the last few decades since they have the potential to solve many important problems such as noise reduction/speech enhancement, source separation, dereverberation, spatial sound recording, and source localization/tracking, to name a few. However, the design and implementation of microphone arrays with ...
Study and Design of Differential Microphone Arrays
Microphone arrays have attracted a lot of interest over the last few decades since they have the potential to solve many important problems such as noise reduction/speech enhancement, source separation, dereverberation, spatial sound recording, and source localization/tracking, to name a few. However, the design and implementation of microphone arrays with beamforming algorithms is not a trivial task when it comes to processing broadband signals such as speech. Indeed, in most sensor arrangements, the beamformer output tends to have a frequency-dependent response. One exception, perhaps, is the family of differential microphone arrays (DMAs) who have the promise to form frequency-independent responses. Moreover, they have the potential to attain high directional gains with small and compact apertures. As a result, this type of microphone arrays has drawn much research and development attention recently. This book is intended to provide a systematic study of DMAs from a signal processing perspective. The primary objective is to develop a rigorous but yet simple theory for the design, implementation, and performance analysis of DMAs. The theory includes some signal processing techniques for the design of commonly used first-order, second-order, third-order, and also the general Nth-order DMAs. For each order, particular examples are given on how to form standard directional patterns such as the dipole, cardioid, supercardioid, hypercardioid, subcardioid, and quadrupole. The study demonstrates the performance of the different order DMAs in terms of beampattern, directivity factor, white noise gain, and gain for point sources. The inherent relationship between differential processing and adaptive beamforming is discussed, which provides a better understanding of DMAs and why they can achieve high directional gain. Finally, we show how to design DMAs that can be robust against white noise amplification.
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167.990000 USD

Study and Design of Differential Microphone Arrays

by Jingdong Chen, Jacob Benesty
Hardback
Book cover image
Microphone arrays have attracted a lot of interest over the last few decades since they have the potential to solve many important problems such as noise reduction/speech enhancement, source separation, dereverberation, spatial sound recording, and source localization/tracking, to name a few. However, the design and implementation of microphone arrays with ...
Study and Design of Differential Microphone Arrays
Microphone arrays have attracted a lot of interest over the last few decades since they have the potential to solve many important problems such as noise reduction/speech enhancement, source separation, dereverberation, spatial sound recording, and source localization/tracking, to name a few. However, the design and implementation of microphone arrays with beamforming algorithms is not a trivial task when it comes to processing broadband signals such as speech. Indeed, in most sensor arrangements, the beamformer output tends to have a frequency-dependent response. One exception, perhaps, is the family of differential microphone arrays (DMAs) who have the promise to form frequency-independent responses. Moreover, they have the potential to attain high directional gains with small and compact apertures. As a result, this type of microphone arrays has drawn much research and development attention recently. This book is intended to provide a systematic study of DMAs from a signal processing perspective. The primary objective is to develop a rigorous but yet simple theory for the design, implementation, and performance analysis of DMAs. The theory includes some signal processing techniques for the design of commonly used first-order, second-order, third-order, and also the general Nth-order DMAs. For each order, particular examples are given on how to form standard directional patterns such as the dipole, cardioid, supercardioid, hypercardioid, subcardioid, and quadrupole. The study demonstrates the performance of the different order DMAs in terms of beampattern, directivity factor, white noise gain, and gain for point sources. The inherent relationship between differential processing and adaptive beamforming is discussed, which provides a better understanding of DMAs and why they can achieve high directional gain. Finally, we show how to design DMAs that can be robust against white noise amplification.
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136.490000 USD

Study and Design of Differential Microphone Arrays

by Jingdong Chen, Jacob Benesty
Paperback / softback
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Tapper Operator Work Log: Work Journal, Work Diary, Log - 126 Pages, 6 X 9 Inches
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8.390000 USD

Tapper Operator Work Log: Work Journal, Work Diary, Log - 126 Pages, 6 X 9 Inches

by Orange Logs
Paperback / softback
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Tapper Work Log: Work Journal, Work Diary, Log - 126 Pages, 6 X 9 Inches
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8.390000 USD

Tapper Work Log: Work Journal, Work Diary, Log - 126 Pages, 6 X 9 Inches

by Orange Logs
Paperback / softback
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Acoustical Carpenter Work Log: Work Journal, Work Diary, Log - 120 Pages, 6 X 9 Inches
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10.490000 USD

Acoustical Carpenter Work Log: Work Journal, Work Diary, Log - 120 Pages, 6 X 9 Inches

by Orange Logs
Paperback / softback
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Tapper Supervisor Work Log: Work Journal, Work Diary, Log - 126 Pages, 6 X 9 Inches
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8.390000 USD

Tapper Supervisor Work Log: Work Journal, Work Diary, Log - 126 Pages, 6 X 9 Inches

by Orange Logs
Paperback / softback
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