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Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 58 first characterizes electrochemical oxidation processes from an ecotoxicological perspective. This approach allows for the evaluation of the influence of electrochemical degradation parameters, such as electrode material or type of electrolyte, in the modulation of toxicity under different scenarios. Following this, the authors present a ...
Advances in Chemistry Research: Volume 58
Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 58 first characterizes electrochemical oxidation processes from an ecotoxicological perspective. This approach allows for the evaluation of the influence of electrochemical degradation parameters, such as electrode material or type of electrolyte, in the modulation of toxicity under different scenarios. Following this, the authors present a collection of existing knowledge on electro-fenton and anodic oxidation electrochemical processes. The choice of electrode materials plays an important role in both processes for better efficiency. A standardized procedure is proposed for analyzing humic samples of various genesis consisting of four successive methods of analysis. The results obtained in this case present a set of, semi-quantitative and quantitative parameters in the macromolecule of carboxyl, aromatic, polysaccharide and aliphatic fragments. A highly effective adsorbent for p-chlorophenol is been synthesized using magnetite nanoparticles coated with humic acids. The adsorbent is synthesized via co-precipitation of a mixed Fe3+ and Fe2+ solution using NH4OH 25% at pH 11 followed by the rapid addition of humic acids solution in NaOH 1 M. This collection also reviews the spectral and luminescent properties of humic acids, as well as identifies the impact of humic acids on the effectiveness of organic compounds photodegradation. In the concluding study, the water quench test is applied as an experimental method for thermal shock resistance testing, and the authors provide a morphological analysis of the samples before and during the testing.
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427.71 USD
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Vanadium has, in the last two years, developed new uses, particularly in the field of redox batteries. The expanded use of vanadium reflects the complex redox-related chemistry of the element that allows it to form several oxidation states and to stabilise various chemical compounds. From the initial discovery in Mexico ...
An Introduction to Vanadium: Chemistry, Occurrence and Applications
Vanadium has, in the last two years, developed new uses, particularly in the field of redox batteries. The expanded use of vanadium reflects the complex redox-related chemistry of the element that allows it to form several oxidation states and to stabilise various chemical compounds. From the initial discovery in Mexico through to the modern day, vanadium has presented a challenge and opportunity for chemists. This volume summarises research and industrial development in understanding the chemistry of vanadium and its presence in natural and synthetic materials. This includes a review of vanadium mineralogy and occurrence in nature. The interaction with biomolecules and environmental dispersion is also discussed. Following on from this section the book delves into the application of vanadium in medical use and in power supply as well as issues related to the extraction of vanadium from its primary ores. The book has been developed by an international team of scientists and engineers with specialist interest in vanadium chemistry and use.
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394.23 USD
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Chemiluminescence is a fascinating and mesmerizing phenomenon, which consists on the generation of light as the result of a chemical reaction. This process has been gaining attention in the last decades, being now a standard tool in analytical, bioimaging, biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. This book provides a detailed overview of ...
A Comprehensive Guide to Chemiluminescence
Chemiluminescence is a fascinating and mesmerizing phenomenon, which consists on the generation of light as the result of a chemical reaction. This process has been gaining attention in the last decades, being now a standard tool in analytical, bioimaging, biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. This book provides a detailed overview of the basic mechanisms and principles of the most relevant chemiluminescent systems, as well as describing the most recent advances and applications. Written by experts, this is a reference text suitable both for researchers focused on chemiluminescence and for those wanting to start working on this field. In Chapter One, the progress and evolution of the chemiluminescent studies in imidazopyrazinone-based compounds are reviewed, with emphasis on their potential as diagnosis tools. Chapter Two addresses the spectral changes associated with firefly bioluminescence by focusing on the tautomeric equilibria of the light emitter. Chapter Three reviews, for the first time, the liquid-phase chemiluminescence of fullerene and derivatives. Chapter Four is devoted to studies of chemiluminescence with the participation of lanthanide ions. Chapter Five summarizes the mechanism behind the chemiluminescence of acridinium esters, while discussing their current applications. Chapter Six explains the potential of phenothiazine derivatives as enhancers in analytic chemiluminescent assays. Chapter Seven collects the available information of both well-known and lesser-known examples of squid bioluminescence. Chapter Eight discusses the enhancement of chemiluminescent emission by using metal-nanoparticles near a luminescent molecule, which is known as metal-enhanced chemiluminescence. In Chapter Nine it is explained how model molecules can make the study of complex bioluminescence reaction mechanisms accessible, as well as allowing for chemiluminescence on macroscopic molecular crystals. Chapter Ten describes experimental and computational approaches used for enhancing the thermostability of firefly luciferase. Chapter Eleven demonstrates the usefulness of theoretical studies for better understanding chemiluminescent reactions. Chapter Twelve describes the fundamental theoretical aspects of state-of-the-art multiconfigurational methods and shows illustrative examples of their application to the study of chemiluminescence. Finally, Chapter Thirteen discusses chemiluminescent experiments that are simple, inexpensive and can be performed by students.
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394.23 USD
Hardback
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Volume 56 opens with a discussion on silica particles surface-modified by polyfunctional fragments containing acidic amino groups, specified for biomedical applications. Approaches to the immobilisation/surface assembly of oligonucleotides on the surface of silica nanoparticles to create hybrid organic-inorganic particles are also considered. Following this, the authors investigate antituberculous compounds: isoniD ...
Advances in Chemistry Research: Volume 56
Volume 56 opens with a discussion on silica particles surface-modified by polyfunctional fragments containing acidic amino groups, specified for biomedical applications. Approaches to the immobilisation/surface assembly of oligonucleotides on the surface of silica nanoparticles to create hybrid organic-inorganic particles are also considered. Following this, the authors investigate antituberculous compounds: isoniD Degreeszid, pyrazinamid, salinazid, vanilin isoniazid and their bioactive structural analog, p-aminobenzoic acid. The solubility of drug substances a key parameter concerning formulation development in the pharmaceutical industry. The results of the application of the inversed Kirkwood-Buff integrals method to aqueous mixtures of many organic solvents as well as non-aqueous mixtures of such solvents are presented. Comparison with another method that yields similar information, the quasi-lattice quasi-chemical method, is made. The authors discuss the most common component of water scale, calcium carbonate, the solubility of which falls with increasing temperature. Precipitated CaCO3 may be a mixture of crystalline phases, amorphous and hydrated phases. The crystalline phases are calcite, aragonite and vaterite. Additionally, the authors provide a comprehensive review of several isolation techniques and analytical aspects for the quantitative determination of catechin. In the concluding review, the effects of magnetic field on liquid/solid inhomogeneous reaction in aqueous solution (ie: metal deposition reaction and chemical garden reaction) are briefly discussed in terms of the magnetic force on paramagnetic Cu2+ ion and the Lorentz force on all ions.
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427.71 USD
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The first chapter of Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 54 investigates the structure-function relationships of glycans. A recent structural analysis of oligomannose glycans, based on biophysical methods (including solution nuclear magnetic resonance and X-ray crystallographic analyses) are presented and discussed. A summary of the history, clinical uses, and pharmacokinetics of ...
Advances in Chemistry Research: Volume 54
The first chapter of Advances in Chemistry Research. Volume 54 investigates the structure-function relationships of glycans. A recent structural analysis of oligomannose glycans, based on biophysical methods (including solution nuclear magnetic resonance and X-ray crystallographic analyses) are presented and discussed. A summary of the history, clinical uses, and pharmacokinetics of polyethylene glycol interferon are presented. Important features regarding its clinical efficacy in combination with new antiviral agents like ribavirin, telaprevir, entecavir, tenofovir, adefovir, sofosbuvir and ledipasvir are also discussed. The fluorescence properties of anthracene based ligands are proposed to be suitable to design sensors for cations as well as anions. Some of the complexes of anthracene-based ligands are reported to have potential for light-emitting devices. Various quantum chemical properties, dipole moments, bond lengths, charges, total electronic energies, the highest occupied and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energies and the interfrontier molecular orbital energy gap values are obtained and compared. An empirical equation is derived for calculating the free formaldehyde concentration in alcoholformaldehyde systems at various temperatures and total formaldehyde concentrations, as well as an equation for evaluating solvent concentrations. In the final study, the authors exploit the intense fluorescence behavior of luminol for a quantitative understanding of hydrogen bonding behavior and its interaction with several biological media, with the help of steady state and time-resolved measurements as well as density functional theory calculations.
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The opening chapter reviews the many theoretical predictions of nitrogen oligomers and discusses their potential applications. Predictions of nitrogen oligomers encapsulated in carbon nanotubes, free standing oligomers and single crystals of nitrogen oligomers are also discussed. Additionally, a focus on the synthesis of various electron push and electron pull units ...
Advances in Chemistry Research: Volume 53
The opening chapter reviews the many theoretical predictions of nitrogen oligomers and discusses their potential applications. Predictions of nitrogen oligomers encapsulated in carbon nanotubes, free standing oligomers and single crystals of nitrogen oligomers are also discussed. Additionally, a focus on the synthesis of various electron push and electron pull units towards the construction of push-pull unit decorated oligomers and their application as organic optoelectronic materials is presented. The authors provide a summary of relevant methodologies for using an alcohol as reducing agent. The authors go on to examine how yellow laccases differ from blue laccases in fungal strains. Laccase is an oxidoreductase with four copper ions in two active sites, which catalyses the oxidation of reduced substrates usually phenols or aromatic amines, coupled with the reduction of molecular oxygen to water. The penultimate chapter discusses the novel features of biphenyl based systems and how their rigidity and compactness provide detectable signals even for poorly conducting conformations. A literature review on ethylbenzene extraction using ionic liquids is presented in the final section and the results are discussed in the light of selectivity and distribution coefficients since both of them affect process efficiency.
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This book presents the synthesis, properties, uses, structure, and safety of iron (III) phosphate, as well as its use as an intercalation electrode in lithium-ion batteries, despite having low electronic conductivity. In the synthesis of organic compounds, iron (III) phosphate catalyzes the one-pot synthesis of dihydropyrimidinones and thiones, and 2, ...
Iron (III) Phosphate: Production and Their Uses in Organic Synthesis
This book presents the synthesis, properties, uses, structure, and safety of iron (III) phosphate, as well as its use as an intercalation electrode in lithium-ion batteries, despite having low electronic conductivity. In the synthesis of organic compounds, iron (III) phosphate catalyzes the one-pot synthesis of dihydropyrimidinones and thiones, and 2, 4, 5triarylated imidazoles. It also results in the acetylation of alcohols and phenols, the tetrahydropyranylation and tetrahydrofuranylation of alcohols and phenols, as well as the synthesis of polyhydroquinoline derivatives, 2-substituted benzimidazoles, 1, 2-disubstituted benzimidazoles, 1,2,4,5-tetra-arylated imidazoles, and bis(indolyl)methanes. Furthermore, it catalyzes the one pot three-component mannich reaction, 2-substituted imidazolines, ss-amido carbonyl compounds, 1,4-dihydropyridines, 4,4-diaminotriaryl methanes-leucomalachite materials, N-substituted pyrroles, 7,10,11,12-tetrahydrobenzo[c] acridin-8(9h)-ones, and 4,6-disubstituted 2-aminopyridine-3-carbonitriles. It results in the one-pot synthesis of octahydroquinazolinones, the conversion of tetrahydropyranyl ethers to acetates, dihydropyrimidinones, thiones, as well as ss-amino ketones. In the authors opinion, this book could be beneficial for researchers, graduates, and post graduate students, as well as for professionals in the chemical and medicinal industries in the preparation of raw materials using green methods.
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In this compilation, the authors begin by highlighting the recent developments in asymmetric 1,4- and 1,2- additions to , ss-unsaturated carbonyl compounds. The recent finding of Cu (I)-catalyzed asymmetric 1,2-addition of Grignard reagents to , ss-unsaturated carbonyl compounds, as well as aromatic ketones, has categorically revolutionized catalytic asymmetric reactions.This compilation ...
Advances in Chemistry Research: Volume 51
In this compilation, the authors begin by highlighting the recent developments in asymmetric 1,4- and 1,2- additions to , ss-unsaturated carbonyl compounds. The recent finding of Cu (I)-catalyzed asymmetric 1,2-addition of Grignard reagents to , ss-unsaturated carbonyl compounds, as well as aromatic ketones, has categorically revolutionized catalytic asymmetric reactions.This compilation also aims to use the well-known coordination preference of zinc in phthalocyanine and porphyrin ligands in correlation with supramolecular systems. The light-absorption process in dye-sensitized solar cells is studied using the time-dependent density functional theory.In recent years, a series of investigations on detonation wave formation in acetylene have been published. In these studies, it was shown that the formation of detonation proceeds entirely due to the energy released during the condensation of carbon nanoparticles during the growth of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons. The results of these studies are summarized and practical applications are discussed.The authors discuss aromatic amines, derivatives of aromatic hydrocarbons containing an amino group/an amine group/nitrogen atom in their structures. These compounds represent one of the most important classes of industrial and environmental chemicals. Three groups have been studied: monocyclic, polycyclic, and heterocyclic aromatic amines, which are used as intermediates in azo dye manufacturing, pigments, drugs, antibiotics, antidepressants, pesticides, and other industrial products.In the closing study, the GC-MS/MS method has been developed for the determination and quantification of 35 multiclass pesticide residues in chili samples. Pesticides were selected from different families including organochlorines, organophosphorus, carbamates, pyrethroids, triazines, triazoles, and pyrazoles. The QuEChERS-dSPE method was used for the extraction of pesticide residue.
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442.61 USD
Hardback
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This is the first book specifically devoted to butyrate and its biological functions in the health of humans and animals. It is the result of the collective efforts of a group of international experts working on different aspects of butyrate. It has been recognised for a long time that the ...
Butyrate: Food Sources, Functions & Health Benefits
This is the first book specifically devoted to butyrate and its biological functions in the health of humans and animals. It is the result of the collective efforts of a group of international experts working on different aspects of butyrate. It has been recognised for a long time that the consumption of dietary fibres has positive metabolic health effects. These effects are directly associated with short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), particularly butyrate, formed by the microbial degradation of dietary fibres in the digestive tract. Butyrate-induced biological effects provide examples of epigenomic regulation induced by nutrient elements and provide a basis for understanding the full range of the biological roles and molecular mechanisms that butyrate may play in cell growth, proliferation and energy metabolism. This book is a comprehensive collection of highly innovative research ideas, strategies, and crucial points related to butyrate and its biological functions. With a detailed introduction of recent advances in different but intriguing research fields, this book is a great reference for biochemists, molecular biologists, biomedical scientists and clinical researchers. This book is also a great reference for graduate students working in the related fields of biomedical sciences.
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246.750000 USD
Hardback
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The use of essential oils by civilisations constitutes a common practice since antiquity. In earlier times, China, India and the Middle East used herbs and oils in cooking, cosmetics, medicine and in religious rituals. These substances come from a secondary metabolism of plants and are associated with several functions necessary ...
Essential Oils: Historical Significance, Chemical Composition & Medicinal Uses & Benefits
The use of essential oils by civilisations constitutes a common practice since antiquity. In earlier times, China, India and the Middle East used herbs and oils in cooking, cosmetics, medicine and in religious rituals. These substances come from a secondary metabolism of plants and are associated with several functions necessary for their survival, such as the defense against microorganisms, predators and attraction of pollinators. Essential oils are composed of a complex mixture of biologically active substances, lipophilic and volatile, and in most cases derivatives of terpene compounds and in a lower occurrence - phenylpropanoids. They have been long recognised for their medicinal uses: antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, insecticidal and their antioxidant properties. The increased interest in alternative natural substances is driving the research community to find new uses and applications of these substances. This book provides research on the historical significance, chemical composition and medicinal uses and benefits of essential oils. Some of the topics discussed include extraction methods of essential oils; an overview of the most relevant essential oil changes regarding plant phenology and plant development; the antibacterial properties of some essential oils; essential oils applications in agriculture; and the use of essential oils as additives in broiler diets.
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259.350000 USD
Hardback
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The polymer latex technology by emulsion polymerisation offers significant advantages as compared to bulk and solution polymerisation technologies owing to the better control of heat and viscosity of the medium along with the possibility of increasing the molecular weight of the polymer chains without affecting the rate of polymerisation. These ...
Advances in Polymer Latex Technology
The polymer latex technology by emulsion polymerisation offers significant advantages as compared to bulk and solution polymerisation technologies owing to the better control of heat and viscosity of the medium along with the possibility of increasing the molecular weight of the polymer chains without affecting the rate of polymerisation. These emulsion polymerisation methods have undergone significant advances in the recent years and now a days, synthesis of structured latexes with well defined morphologies and properties has been possible. The development of miniemulsion polymerisation has helped to polymerise very hydrophobic and very hydrophilic monomers, which otherwise are difficult to be polymerised with the conventional emulsion polymerisation. The combination of controlled living polymerisation methods like nitroxide mediated polymerisation, atom transfer radical polymerisation as well as reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer with the emulsion and miniemulsion polymerisation methods has resulted into the synthesis of functional block copolymer chains, graft copolymer chains and star or multi arm copolymer chains in the polymer particles. Apart from that, specific surface modifications on the surface of the emulsion particles have been achieved which have expended the area of application of such polymer particles. The kinetics and mechanism of particle generation with the living polymerisation in emulsion and miniemulsion are very complex, however, the recent advances have helped to understand these systems more clearly, thus, allowing to steer them to the advantage. Therefore, these recent advances in the latex technology need to be brought into a cumulative text in order to provide insight into the various possibilities of achieving the optimum latexes.
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85.580000 USD
Hardback
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In the present monograph, theoretical structural analysis of the main processes of gas transport in polymeric materials (diffusion, solubility, permeability and selectivity) was offered. The mentioned analysis uses fractal (multifractal) analysis and cluster model of polymers amorphous state structure, based on the local order notions, as a tool for polymeric ...
Fractal Analysis of Gas Transport in Polymers: The Theory & Practical Applications
In the present monograph, theoretical structural analysis of the main processes of gas transport in polymeric materials (diffusion, solubility, permeability and selectivity) was offered. The mentioned analysis uses fractal (multifractal) analysis and cluster model of polymers amorphous state structure, based on the local order notions, as a tool for polymeric materials structure description. Besides, for the mentioned gas transport processes description, such modern physical treatments as a multifractal model of fluctuation free volume and the conception of anomalous (strange) diffusion were used. Such approach allows the quantitative description of gas transport processes and their prediction as a function of testing temperature, degree of crystallinity, cross-linking and grafting, and so on. Special attention is given to gas transport processes in multicomponent polymeric systems. A number of practical aspects of theoretical structural analysis application was considered in cases of thermal degradation, interfacial layers formation in polymer composites, stability to cracking in active environments and chemical reactions.
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203.700000 USD

Fractal Analysis of Gas Transport in Polymers: The Theory & Practical Applications

by Abdulakh Kazbulatovich Mikitaev, G. E. Zaikov, Georgii Vladimirovich Kozlov
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Hafnium is a chemical element with the symbol Hf and atomic number 72. This book brings together contributions from experts in their related fields to illustrate the significance and importance of hafnium in different forms. This book is composed of six chapters written by experts in their respective fields making ...
Hafnium: Chemical Characteristics, Production & Applications
Hafnium is a chemical element with the symbol Hf and atomic number 72. This book brings together contributions from experts in their related fields to illustrate the significance and importance of hafnium in different forms. This book is composed of six chapters written by experts in their respective fields making this book valuable to the group-IV materials science communities. The subjects presented in the book offer a general overview of the important issues of various hafnium compounds (eg: Hafnium nitride/Hafnium carbide application as a coating material, and Hafnium oxide application as the dielectric layer in non-volatile memory/state-of-the-art CMOS devices). We believe the book is of great scientific and educational value for many readers. Readers thus can familiarise themselves with the latest knowledge in the related fields.
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102.380000 USD
Hardback
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Inorganic polymers are large molecules, usually linear or branched chains with atoms other than carbon in their backbone. In this new advanced research book, silicon-based inorganic polymers are treated by J Cypryk (Poland), G. Kickelbick (Austria), X. Coqueret (France), A. Colas (Belgium), J. Koe (Japan), W. Uhlig (Switzerland), and by ...
Silicon-Based Inorganic Polymers
Inorganic polymers are large molecules, usually linear or branched chains with atoms other than carbon in their backbone. In this new advanced research book, silicon-based inorganic polymers are treated by J Cypryk (Poland), G. Kickelbick (Austria), X. Coqueret (France), A. Colas (Belgium), J. Koe (Japan), W. Uhlig (Switzerland), and by M. Rehahn and M. Weinmann (Germany). Different aspects of phosphorus-containing macromolecules are described by F.F. Stewart (USA), R. De Jaeger and L. Montagne (France), and by M. Carenza, S. Lora, and M.Gleria (Italy). Tin- and germanium-based polymers are illustrated by M. Okano (Japan), while inorganic dendrimers are presented by A.M. Caminade and J.P. Majoral (France) and by V. Balzani (Italy). Miscellaneous topics covering the flame-retardant and the intumescent behavior of the inorganic macromolecules (S. Bourbigot, France), ionically-conductive inorganic macromolecules (E. Montoneri, Italy) and chiral inorganic polymers (G.A. Carriedo and J.F. Garcia-Alonso, Spain) are also addressed.
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102.380000 USD
Hardback
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Organometallic chemistry is the study of chemical compounds containing bonds between carbon and a metal. Since many compounds without such bonds are chemically similar, an alternative may be compounds containing metal-element bonds of a largely covalent character. Examples of such organometallic compounds include all Gilman Reagents, which contain lithium and ...
Organometallic Compounds: Preparation, Structure & Properties
Organometallic chemistry is the study of chemical compounds containing bonds between carbon and a metal. Since many compounds without such bonds are chemically similar, an alternative may be compounds containing metal-element bonds of a largely covalent character. Examples of such organometallic compounds include all Gilman Reagents, which contain lithium and copper. Tetracarbonyl nickel, and ferrocene are examples of organometallic compounds containing transition metals. In addition to the traditional metals, lanthanides, actinides, and semimetals, elements such as boron, silicon, arsenic, and selenium are considered to form organometallic compounds. Organometallic compounds are a diverse and versatile family of molecules which have a wide range of potential applications in many domains of life. This new and important book gathers the latest research from around the globe in the study of this dynamic field and focuses on related topics such as: organometallic compounds in therapy, toxicology of organotins in marine organisms, photophysics of group IV metallocenes and others.
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249.380000 USD
Hardback
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Nanocellulose, due to its nanosize, offers a large surface area with new functionalities. These open a wide range of possible properties, as well as smart applications, in many fields. The growing interest in renewability, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and unsurpassed physical and chemical properties of nanocellulose has resulted in increased academic and ...
Nanocellulose, Cellulose Nanofibers & Cellulose Nanocomposites: Synthesis & Applications
Nanocellulose, due to its nanosize, offers a large surface area with new functionalities. These open a wide range of possible properties, as well as smart applications, in many fields. The growing interest in renewability, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and unsurpassed physical and chemical properties of nanocellulose has resulted in increased academic and industrial interests towards development of nanocellulose-based materials and cellulose nanocomposites. However, there are still some issues to overcome, and the main challenges in the field are related to efficient preparation and isolation of nanosize cellulosic materials from their natural sources. This book reviews some vital issues and topics concerning the latest scientific and technological advances in nanocellulose, cellulose nanofibers and cellulose nanocomposites. Some subjects included are nanocellulose, covering synthesis, characterisation and applications of nanocellulose, extraction of nanocellulose from natural sources and synthesis of bacterial nanocellulose for medical applications. Cellulose nanofibers are devoted to advances in production, derivatisation and utilisation of micro- and nanofibrillated cellulose. Cellulose nanocomposites, covering the production and characterisation for smart applications of cellulose-based nanocomposite, cellulose composite-based electrospun nanofibers for high-tech applications and the application of peptide-nanocellulose as a biosensor for human neutrophil elastase are also discussed. This book will provide an essential source of information to readers in the exploration of possible applications of nanocellulose in the above-mentioned fields. Let us hope that it also will help in the generation of new ideas for new applications and product development. A book like this, covering the above-mentioned vital issues and topics, should be useful to chemists, scientists, research scholars, polymer engineers and researchers in the industry.
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328.120000 USD
Hardback
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The guidelines of this textbook are numerous example programs, flux diagrams, schemes, and figures presenting the obtained results. Step by step, the authors explain how steady state Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) and time resolved, so-called kinetic or dynamic Monte Carlo Simulation (KMCS), schemes, respectively, can be set up. Furthermore, examples ...
Practical Guide to Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations & Classical Molecular Dynamics Simulations: An Example Book
The guidelines of this textbook are numerous example programs, flux diagrams, schemes, and figures presenting the obtained results. Step by step, the authors explain how steady state Monte Carlo Simulation (MCS) and time resolved, so-called kinetic or dynamic Monte Carlo Simulation (KMCS), schemes, respectively, can be set up. Furthermore, examples of classical Molecular Dynamics Simulations (MDS) are included. In addressing the same type of problem by way off all these methods, the different schemes can directly be compared. For the example programs, they have chosen problems related to the adsorption of gas-phase species on surfaces (i.e. mainly lattice models related to gas-surface adsorption dynamics). Furthermore, the growth of deposits on grid surfaces has been address including fractal growth phenomena.
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75.080000 USD
Hardback
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Special Interest Catogories: biotechnology; materials science; medicine; ecology and chemistry. The book summarizes the literature data and research results on biodegradable polyesters of microbiological origin -- polymers of hydroxy alkanoic acids (polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHAs). These polymers are thermoplastic, biodegradable, and biocompatible. They are promising candidates for applications in agriculture, communal services, ...
Polyhydroxyalkanoates -- Plastic Materials of the 21st Century: Production, Properties & Application
Special Interest Catogories: biotechnology; materials science; medicine; ecology and chemistry. The book summarizes the literature data and research results on biodegradable polyesters of microbiological origin -- polymers of hydroxy alkanoic acids (polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHAs). These polymers are thermoplastic, biodegradable, and biocompatible. They are promising candidates for applications in agriculture, communal services, pharmacology, medicine, and other spheres. The book sums up the most recent data on the known types of polyhydroxyalkanoates, their producers, substrates, and methods of biosynthesis. The structure and physicochemical properties of these polymers, the methods used to process them to make specialised products and spheres of their application are described in the book.
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85.580000 USD
Hardback
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The interest for studying lanthanum compounds has been growing in recent years due to their attractive properties for industrial and technological purposes. Several applications in different fields have been discovered, such as components in various optical, electrical and magnetic applications, as well as catalytic materials. In this case, they are ...
Promoting Effect of Lanthanum in Heterogeneous Catalysts
The interest for studying lanthanum compounds has been growing in recent years due to their attractive properties for industrial and technological purposes. Several applications in different fields have been discovered, such as components in various optical, electrical and magnetic applications, as well as catalytic materials. In this case, they are widely used as catalysts, supports and dopants. As a dopant, lanthanum is often used for stabilising the gamma phase of alumina in catalysts designed for high temperature applications, such as in automotive three-way catalytic process, in combustion for gas turbines and boilers and in hydrocarbon reforming. This book discusses how lanthanum is a very promising dopant for heterogeneous catalysts of different applications.
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56.180000 USD

Promoting Effect of Lanthanum in Heterogeneous Catalysts

by Sergio Gustavo Marchetti, Manuela de Santana Santos, Maria do Carmo Rangel
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Most developed Si-N containing oligomers and polymers are silazaneorganic oligomers and polymers - one of the applicable siliconorganic poly-functional compounds with inorganic-organic main chains. They are using for production of various important technical compositions and materials with specific properties: polymer varnishes and coatings, water-repellents, polymer ceramics and silicon-nitride fibers, etc. ...
Silicon-Organic Oligomers & Polymers with Inorganic & Organic-Inorganic Main Chains
Most developed Si-N containing oligomers and polymers are silazaneorganic oligomers and polymers - one of the applicable siliconorganic poly-functional compounds with inorganic-organic main chains. They are using for production of various important technical compositions and materials with specific properties: polymer varnishes and coatings, water-repellents, polymer ceramics and silicon-nitride fibers, etc. They also successfully used in nanotechnology and as modifiers of the other organic and elementorganic oligomers, polymers and materials on their basis. In this book are described practically important and technologically justified four methods for obtaining polyfunctional siliconorganic polymers with organic - inorganic main chains.
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91.880000 USD
Hardback
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