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This book offers a balanced mixture of practice-oriented information and theoretical background as well as numerous references, clear illustrations, and useful data tables. Problems and solutions are accessible via a special website. This new edition has been completely revised and extended; it now includes three new chapters on tandem mass ...
Mass Spectrometry: A Textbook
This book offers a balanced mixture of practice-oriented information and theoretical background as well as numerous references, clear illustrations, and useful data tables. Problems and solutions are accessible via a special website. This new edition has been completely revised and extended; it now includes three new chapters on tandem mass spectrometry, interfaces for sampling at atmospheric pressure, and inorganic mass spectrometry.
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150.63 USD

Mass Spectrometry: A Textbook

by Jurgen Gross
Hardback
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This is a monograph on the fluctuational theory of superconductivity. The theory was originally developed by M. A. Savchenko in 1964 in response to the work of B. T. Matthias, the discoverer of superconductive compounds. Further development of the theory led to the prediction of the existence of high-temperature superconductors ...
Fluctuational Superconductivity of Magnetic Systems
This is a monograph on the fluctuational theory of superconductivity. The theory was originally developed by M. A. Savchenko in 1964 in response to the work of B. T. Matthias, the discoverer of superconductive compounds. Further development of the theory led to the prediction of the existence of high-temperature superconductors among magnetic and nonmagnetic compounds of rare-earth metals, ceramics, and polymers. In 1987 this prediction was experimentally verified by the discovery of high-Tc superconducting rare-earth metal oxides by I. Bednorz and K. Muller. To date, this is the only account that explains consistently all the available data. The theory of high-temperature superconductivity is based on the concept of an enhanced electron-phonon interaction which leads to an attraction between electrons forming superconducting pairs. This interaction is due to the exchange spin fluctu ations (exchange enhancement effect). In compounds in which there is no magnetic ordering except at very low temperatures, such as in rare-earth metal oxides, the electron-phonon interaction is strengthened due to fluctuations in the spins of the conducting electrons. If there is magnetic ordering in a superconductor at a tempera ture higher than or of the same order as the critical superconducting temperature Tc, then the attraction in the electron pairs will be further increased because the Coulomb repulsion is overwhelmed by fluctuations in the spins forming the long-range anti fer romagnetic order.
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114.450000 USD

Fluctuational Superconductivity of Magnetic Systems

by Alexei V. Stefanovich, Maxim A. Savchenko
Paperback / softback
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In a real tour-de-force of scientific publishing, three distinguished experts here systematically deliver both the underlying theory and the practical guidance needed to effectively apply square-wave voltammetry techniques. Square-wave voltammetry is a technique used in analytical applications and fundamental studies of electrode mechanisms. In order to take full advantage of ...
Square-Wave Voltammetry: Theory and Application
In a real tour-de-force of scientific publishing, three distinguished experts here systematically deliver both the underlying theory and the practical guidance needed to effectively apply square-wave voltammetry techniques. Square-wave voltammetry is a technique used in analytical applications and fundamental studies of electrode mechanisms. In order to take full advantage of this technique, a solid understanding of signal generation, thermodynamics, and kinetics is essential. Not only does this book cover all the necessary background and basics, but it also offers an appendix on mathematical modeling plus a chapter on electrode mechanisms that briefly reviews the numerical formulae needed to simulate experiments using popular software tools.
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209.990000 USD

Square-Wave Voltammetry: Theory and Application

by Milivoj Lovric, Sebojka Komorsky-Lovric, Valentin Mirceski
Hardback
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In recent years, the performance of digital computers has been improved by the rapid development of electronics at remarkable speed. In addition, substantial research has been carried out in developing numerical analysis techniques. Nowadays, a variety of problems in the engineering and scientific fields can be solved by using not ...
Boundary Element Analysis of Viscous Flow
In recent years, the performance of digital computers has been improved by the rapid development of electronics at remarkable speed. In addition, substantial research has been carried out in developing numerical analysis techniques. Nowadays, a variety of problems in the engineering and scientific fields can be solved by using not only super computers but also personal computers. After the first book titled Boundary Element was published by Brebbia in 1978, the boundary element method (BEM) has been recognized as a powerful numerical technique which has some advantages over the finite difference method (FDM) and finite element method (FEM). A great amount of research has been carried out on the applications of BEM to various problems. The numerical analysis of fluid mechanics and heat transfer problems plays a key role in analysing some phenomena and it has become recognized as a new research field called Computational Fluid Dynamics . In partic ular, the analysis of viscous flow including thermal convection phenomena is one of the most important problems in engineering fields. The FDM and FEM have been generally .applied to solve these problems because of non singularities of governing equations.
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166.950000 USD

Boundary Element Analysis of Viscous Flow

by Koichi Kitagawa
Paperback / softback
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Bioactive Heterocycles III provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the most recent breakthroughs in the ?eld of heterocycles. This volume contains 8 chapters written by experts in their respective ?elds from all over the world. The chapters summarize years of extensive research in each area, andprovideinsightinthenewthemesofnaturalproductresearch.Manyofthe contributors illustrate their ...
Bioactive Heterocycles III
Bioactive Heterocycles III provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the most recent breakthroughs in the ?eld of heterocycles. This volume contains 8 chapters written by experts in their respective ?elds from all over the world. The chapters summarize years of extensive research in each area, andprovideinsightinthenewthemesofnaturalproductresearch.Manyofthe contributors illustrate their laboratory experiences. It's obvious that readers will gain exciting and essential information fromthe volume. In the ?rst chapter, Kayser et al. describe the chemistry, biosynthesis and biological activities of artemisinin, one of the most promising antimalarial molecules, and its related natural peroxides. They present new strategies of producing artemisinin that utilize fascinating technologies. as Additionally, thepharmacokineticpro?leandthedevelopmentofnewdrugdeliverysystems onPlasmodium infected erythrocytesare presented . Khan describes some aspects of sugar-derived heterocycles and their p- cursors which are utilized as the inhibitors against glycogen phosphorylases (GPs), and are responsible for the release of mono-glucose from poly-glucose (glycogen) in the second chapter. The inhibitors of GP could help to stop or slowdownglycogenolysisaswellasglucoseproduction.Ultimately, thewhole processwill result in the recovery fromdiabetes of NIDDMpatients. In his contribution, Verma studies quantitative structure-activityrelati- ship (QSAR) and proposes several interesting QSAR models of heterocyclic molecules having cytotoxicactivities against different cancer cell lines, which couldin turn clarify the chemical-biologicalinteractions ofsuch compounds. Alamgir et al., in the fourth chapter, review the recent progress of the synthesis, reactivity and biological activities of benzimidazoles. Additionally, they describe several new techniques and procedures for the synthesis of the same scaffold. Inthe?fthchapter,KhanreviewstheessentialroleoftheenzymeTyrosinase in human melanin production, covering various related clinical problems.
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367.490000 USD

Bioactive Heterocycles III

Hardback
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Hardly any other term in the ?eld of biotechnologyhas been the subject of so muchdiscussionamongexpertsaswhitebiotechnologyatpresent.Thistermis an alias for industrial biotechnology, an already established heavyweight that focuses on the production of the most diverse products (bulk and ?ne chemicals, enzymes, food and animal feed additives, pharmaceutically active substances and agrochemicals,auxiliary agents ...
White Biotechnology
Hardly any other term in the ?eld of biotechnologyhas been the subject of so muchdiscussionamongexpertsaswhitebiotechnologyatpresent.Thistermis an alias for industrial biotechnology, an already established heavyweight that focuses on the production of the most diverse products (bulk and ?ne chemicals, enzymes, food and animal feed additives, pharmaceutically active substances and agrochemicals,auxiliary agents for processindustries, etc.). Insomesegments,whitebiotechnologyhasalreadycapturedleadingmarket positions: - In recent years the annual biotechnological production of amino acids exceeded one million tons. - Invitaminproductiontherehavebeen several recent casesofachangeover from a chemical to a biotechnological synthesis process, a trend that is expected to increase. - During the last 10 years the market volume for enzymes has increased by 50%. - The successful launch of polylactide marked white biotechnology's bre- throughinto the ?eld ofpolymers and synthetics. Today crude oil is the most important energy source and the most widely used chemical raw material. Both primary industry and polymer chemistry currently depend to a great extent on oil. However, it is only a matter of time beforetheworld'soilreservesaredepleted.Almostallstudiespresentedtodate agreethatpeakoil,i.e.thepointintimewhenoilextractionreachesitshighest level, will take place in the ?rst half of the present century. The increasingly dif?cultdevelopmentofnewsourcesofoilhavetriggeredinitiativesworldwide to reduce national dependence on oil imports.
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524.990000 USD

White Biotechnology

Hardback
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Fluorescent proteins are intimately connected to research in the life sciences. Tagging of gene products with fluorescent proteins has revolutionized all areas of biosciences, ranging from fundamental biochemistry to clinical oncology, to environmental research. The discovery of the Green Fluorescent Protein, its first, seminal application and the ingenious development of ...
Fluorescent Proteins II: Application of Fluorescent Protein Technology
Fluorescent proteins are intimately connected to research in the life sciences. Tagging of gene products with fluorescent proteins has revolutionized all areas of biosciences, ranging from fundamental biochemistry to clinical oncology, to environmental research. The discovery of the Green Fluorescent Protein, its first, seminal application and the ingenious development of a broad palette of fluorescence proteins of other colours, was consequently recognised with the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2008. Fluorescent Proteins II highlights the physicochemical and biophysical aspects of fluorescent protein technology beyond imaging. It is tailored to meet the needs of physicists, chemists and biologists who are interested in the fundamental properties of fluorescent proteins, while also focussing on specific applications. The implementations described are cutting-edge studies and exemplify how the physical and chemical properties of fluorescent proteins can stimulate novel findings in life sciences.
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367.490000 USD

Fluorescent Proteins II: Application of Fluorescent Protein Technology

Hardback
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For the New Century Issue of the journal Theroretical Chemistry Accounts the advisory editors identified papers from the first century of theoretical chemistry and discussed their importance for the twentieth century with an eye towards the twenty-first century. Sixty-six such perspectives are published in the New Century Issue. To make ...
Theoretical Chemistry Accounts: New Century Issue
For the New Century Issue of the journal Theroretical Chemistry Accounts the advisory editors identified papers from the first century of theoretical chemistry and discussed their importance for the twentieth century with an eye towards the twenty-first century. Sixty-six such perspectives are published in the New Century Issue. To make this unique collection available to younger scientists for entertaining reading and re-reading of the original publications, the publisher decided to reprint a special edition of the issue.
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114.450000 USD

Theoretical Chemistry Accounts: New Century Issue

Paperback / softback
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Radiation is the one agent among all environmental factors which may damage biological systems that is not only easily quantifiable but can also be measured with unsurpassed resolution. Its primary effects on atoms and molecules are well understood, and the secondary processes can be followed by sophisticated experimental techniques. The ...
Quantitative Mathematical Models in Radiation Biology: Proceedings of the Symposium at Schloss Rauisch-Holzhausen, FRG, July 1987
Radiation is the one agent among all environmental factors which may damage biological systems that is not only easily quantifiable but can also be measured with unsurpassed resolution. Its primary effects on atoms and molecules are well understood, and the secondary processes can be followed by sophisticated experimental techniques. The quantum nature of interactions and the importance of stochastic variations call for an exact mathematical description. This task is by no means simple, and presents a challenge both to the experimentalist and to the theoretician. It is hoped that a generally acceptable formalism will help to quantify radiation responses, both in radiation protection and radiation therapy, and make it possible to move from a purely empirical approach with all its fallacies to real understanding.
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145.950000 USD

Quantitative Mathematical Models in Radiation Biology: Proceedings of the Symposium at Schloss Rauisch-Holzhausen, FRG, July 1987

Paperback / softback
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Considering the high level of our knowledge concerning covalent bond formation in the organic chemistry of molecules, our understanding of the principles involved in organic solid design is almost in its infancy. While chemists today are able to synthesize organic molecules of very high complexity using sophisticated methods of preparation, ...
Design of Organic Solids
Considering the high level of our knowledge concerning covalent bond formation in the organic chemistry of molecules, our understanding of the principles involved in organic solid design is almost in its infancy. While chemists today are able to synthesize organic molecules of very high complexity using sophisticated methods of preparation, they lack general approaches enabling them to reliably predict organic crystalline or solid structures from molecular descriptors - no matter how simple they are. On the other hand, nearly all the organic matter surrounding us is not in the single-molecule state but aggregated and condensed to form liquid or solid molecular assemblages and structural arrays giving rise to the appearances and properties of organic compounds we usually observe. Obviously, the electrical, optical or magnetic properties of solid organic materials that are important requirements for future technologies and high-tech applications, as well as the stability and solubility behavior of a medicament depend on the structure of the molecule and the intramolecular forces, but even more decisively on the intermolecular forces, i. e. the packing structure of the molecules to which a general approach is lacking. This situation concerned ]. Maddox some years ago to such a degree that he described it as one of the continuing scandals in the physical sciences [see (1998) Nature 335:201; see also Ball, P. (1996) Nature 381:648]. The problem of predicting organic solid and crystal structures is very dif- cult.
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314.990000 USD

Design of Organic Solids

Hardback
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This book presents critical reviews of the present position and future trends in modern chemical research. It contains short and concise reports on chemistry, each written by the world renowned experts. The book is still valid and useful after 5 or 10 years. More information as well as the electronic ...
Microwave Methods in Organic Synthesis
This book presents critical reviews of the present position and future trends in modern chemical research. It contains short and concise reports on chemistry, each written by the world renowned experts. The book is still valid and useful after 5 or 10 years. More information as well as the electronic version of the whole content is available at: springerlink.com. The book will interest scientists and practitioners in the mentioned fields and in industry.
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419.990000 USD

Microwave Methods in Organic Synthesis

Hardback
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In the tricyclooctanone approach to polyquinane syntheses[ll the photochemical rearrangement of bicyclo[2.2.2]octenone, 1a 2a,[2J has been the initial key reaction providing tricyclo- 2 [3.3.0.0 ' S]octan-3-one as a chiral building block.[3-SJ This reaction - an oxadi-n-methane (ODPM) process - and the 1,3-acyl shift (AS) forming the cyclobutanone 3 are quite ...
Modern Synthetic Methods 1986: Conference Papers of the International Seminar on Modern Synthetic Methods 1986, Interlaken, April 17th/18th 1986
In the tricyclooctanone approach to polyquinane syntheses[ll the photochemical rearrangement of bicyclo[2.2.2]octenone, 1a 2a,[2J has been the initial key reaction providing tricyclo- 2 [3.3.0.0 ' S]octan-3-one as a chiral building block.[3-SJ This reaction - an oxadi-n-methane (ODPM) process - and the 1,3-acyl shift (AS) forming the cyclobutanone 3 are quite generally the characteristic re- arrangement paths undergone by ~,~-unsaturated ketones (~,~-UKs) upon triplet sensitization and direct excitation with ultraviolet light, respectively. R' R' hv hv R~O ~ ~ (sens) WO ~ R ONR R 1a-c 2a-c 3a-c a R=R'=H b R = CH , R'= H 3 c R = R'= CH 3 As a polyvalent building block, the enantiomers of which are readily accessible from cheap bulk chemicals such as benzene and its derivatives, the parent system 1a and three younger generations of its class (Sections 3.1. - 3.4.) have no equal among synthetically useful photochemical rearrangements. 2. THE PHOTOCHEMISTRY OF ~,~-UNSATURATED KETONES The literature dealing with the spectroscopy and photo- chemistry of ~,~-UKs has been exhaustively and critically reviewed around 1975 by Dauben et al.[6l and Houk,[7J and in 1980 by Schuster.[ SlI1 The 1,3-AS was first observed on direct excitation of 1) For more recent papers on i3,~-UK photochemistry see [9-24]. 64 ~ R' hv ~o hv .,.
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166.950000 USD

Modern Synthetic Methods 1986: Conference Papers of the International Seminar on Modern Synthetic Methods 1986, Interlaken, April 17th/18th 1986

Paperback / softback
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The excitement of the chemistry of organofluorine compounds stems from the unique reactions that arise and the special effects that introduction of fluorine impart on a molecule. Indeed, these effects are now exploited in a remarkable array of applications the whole of the chemical, pharmaceutical, and plant-protection industries. In this ...
Organofluorine Chemistry: Fluorinated Alkenes and Reactive Intermediates
The excitement of the chemistry of organofluorine compounds stems from the unique reactions that arise and the special effects that introduction of fluorine impart on a molecule. Indeed, these effects are now exploited in a remarkable array of applications the whole of the chemical, pharmaceutical, and plant-protection industries. In this two-volume set, we have gathered authors with immense experience in various aspects of their fields and each is a world-authority on the important topics which they have described. The first volume treats the chemistry of fluorinated alkenes, which are important building-blocks for the synthesis of a range of fluorinated systems and are used widely in industry. The second volume is directed to techniques and synthons for obtaining fluorinated compounds.
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419.990000 USD

Organofluorine Chemistry: Fluorinated Alkenes and Reactive Intermediates

Hardback
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Many phenomena in social, natural and engineering fields are governed by wave, potential, parabolic heat-conduction, hyperbolic heat-conduction and dual-phase-lagging heat-conduction equations. This monograph examines these equations: their solution structures, methods of finding their solutions under various supplementary conditions, as well as the physical implication and applications of their solutions.
Heat Conduction: Mathematical Models and Analytical Solutions
Many phenomena in social, natural and engineering fields are governed by wave, potential, parabolic heat-conduction, hyperbolic heat-conduction and dual-phase-lagging heat-conduction equations. This monograph examines these equations: their solution structures, methods of finding their solutions under various supplementary conditions, as well as the physical implication and applications of their solutions.
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262.490000 USD

Heat Conduction: Mathematical Models and Analytical Solutions

by Xiaohao Wei, Xuesheng Zhou, Liqiu Wang
Hardback
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The two volumes New Developments in Polymer Analytics deal with recent progress in the characterization of polymers, mostly in solution but also at sur faces. Despite the fact that almost all of the described techniques are getting on in years, the contributions are expected to meet the readers interest because ...
New Developments in Polymer Analytics I
The two volumes New Developments in Polymer Analytics deal with recent progress in the characterization of polymers, mostly in solution but also at sur faces. Despite the fact that almost all of the described techniques are getting on in years, the contributions are expected to meet the readers interest because either the methods are newly applied to polymers or the instrumentation has achieved a major breakthrough leading to an enhanced utilization by polymer scientists. The first volume concentrates on separation techniques. H. Pasch summarizes the recent successes of multi dimensional chromatography in the characteriza tion of copolymers. Both, chain length distribution and the compositional het erogeneity of copolymers are accessible. Capillary electrophoresis is widely and successfully utilized for the characterization of biopolymers, particular of DNA . It is only recently that the technique has been applied to the characterization of water soluble synthetic macromolecules. This contribution of Grosche and Engelhardt focuses on the analysis of polyelectrolytes by capillary electophore sis. The last contribution of the first volume by Coelfen and Antonietti summa rizes the achievements and pitfalls of field flow fractionation techniques .The major drawbacks in the instrumentation have been overcome in recent years and the triple F techniques are currently advancing to a powerful competitor to size exclusion chromatography.
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314.990000 USD

New Developments in Polymer Analytics I

Hardback
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The rapidly-developing field of confined polymers is reviewed in this volume. Special emphasis is given to polymer aspects of this interdisciplinary problem. Taken together, the contributions offer ample evidence of how the field of polymer science continues to evolve with the passage of time. The topics revolve around the tendency ...
Polymers in Confined Environments
The rapidly-developing field of confined polymers is reviewed in this volume. Special emphasis is given to polymer aspects of this interdisciplinary problem. Taken together, the contributions offer ample evidence of how the field of polymer science continues to evolve with the passage of time. The topics revolve around the tendency of surfaces to impede chain relaxation and to stimulate new sorts of chain organization. These have been implicated in a variety of spectacular phenomena. Here is a listing of authors and affiliations: K. Binder (Johannes Gutenberg-Universitat Mainz, Germany); P.-G. de Gennes (College de France, France); E.P. Giannelis, R. Krishnamoorti, and E. Manias (Cornell University and University of Houston, USA); G.S. Grest (Exxon Research and Engineering Co., USA); L. Leger, E. Raphael, and H. Hervet (College de France, France); S.-Q. Wang (Case Western Reserve University, USA).
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419.990000 USD

Polymers in Confined Environments

Hardback
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Discover the many facets of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. The first part of this book describes the current thermodynamic formalism recognized as the classical theory. The second part focuses on different approaches. Throughout the presentation, the emphasis is on problem-solving applications. To help build your understanding, some problems have been analyzed using ...
Understanding Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics: Foundations, Applications, Frontiers
Discover the many facets of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. The first part of this book describes the current thermodynamic formalism recognized as the classical theory. The second part focuses on different approaches. Throughout the presentation, the emphasis is on problem-solving applications. To help build your understanding, some problems have been analyzed using several formalisms to underscore their differences and their similarities.
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167.990000 USD

Understanding Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics: Foundations, Applications, Frontiers

by David Jou, Georgy Lebon
Hardback
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In view of increasing interest in organofluorine compounds, this book was undertaken to describe biological and physical properties of organofluorine compounds, synthetic methods of these, their roles in pharmaceutical, agrochemical and material sciences. In particular, the book will emphasize on the usefulness of fluorination reaction, availability of fluorination agents, so ...
Organofluorine Compounds: Chemistry and Applications
In view of increasing interest in organofluorine compounds, this book was undertaken to describe biological and physical properties of organofluorine compounds, synthetic methods of these, their roles in pharmaceutical, agrochemical and material sciences. In particular, the book will emphasize on the usefulness of fluorination reaction, availability of fluorination agents, so that even graduate students who are unfamiliar to this field can understand and participate in this fascinating heteroatom chemistry.
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230.990000 USD

Organofluorine Compounds: Chemistry and Applications

by Tamejiro Hiyama
Hardback
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Density Functional Theory (DFT) has firmly established itself as the workhorse for atomic-level simulations of condensed phases, pure or composite materials and quantum chemical systems. This work offers a rigorous and detailed introduction to the foundations of this theory, up to and including such advanced topics as orbital-dependent functionals as ...
Density Functional Theory: An Advanced Course
Density Functional Theory (DFT) has firmly established itself as the workhorse for atomic-level simulations of condensed phases, pure or composite materials and quantum chemical systems. This work offers a rigorous and detailed introduction to the foundations of this theory, up to and including such advanced topics as orbital-dependent functionals as well as both time-dependent and relativistic DFT. Given the many ramifications of contemporary DFT, the text concentrates on the self-contained presentation of the basics of the most widely used DFT variants: this implies a thorough discussion of the corresponding existence theorems and effective single particle equations, as well as of key approximations utilized in implementations. The formal results are complemented by selected quantitative results, which primarily aim at illustrating the strengths and weaknesses of particular approaches or functionals. The structure and content of this book allow a tutorial and modular self-study approach: the reader will find that all concepts of many-body theory which are indispensable for the discussion of DFT - such as the single-particle Green's function or response functions - are introduced step by step, along with the actual DFT material. The same applies to basic notions of solid state theory, such as the Fermi surface of inhomogeneous, interacting systems. In fact, even the language of second quantization is introduced systematically in an Appendix for readers without formal training in many-body theory.
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146.990000 USD

Density Functional Theory: An Advanced Course

by Reiner M Dreizler, Eberhard Engel
Hardback
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First comprehensive, beginning graduate level book on the emergent science of astrobiology.
Lectures in Astrobiology: Volume II
First comprehensive, beginning graduate level book on the emergent science of astrobiology.
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209.990000 USD

Lectures in Astrobiology: Volume II

Hardback
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Improvement of the catalytic properties of biological catalysts is equally important in the optimization of industrial processes as in the fundamental understanding of the catalytic machinery at the molecular level. The approaches taken are diverse and span from purely result-oriented, but nevertheless methodologically subtle, making and screening of combinatorial libraries ...
Implementation and Redesign of Catalytic Function in Biopolymers
Improvement of the catalytic properties of biological catalysts is equally important in the optimization of industrial processes as in the fundamental understanding of the catalytic machinery at the molecular level. The approaches taken are diverse and span from purely result-oriented, but nevertheless methodologically subtle, making and screening of combinatorial libraries to highly sophisticated tailoring of the environment of active sites. This volume illustrates four different concepts for modifying a given biocatalyst framework or create novel functions using Nature's basic building blocks. Summing up the state-of-the-art biocatalyst engineering it, serves as an orientational landmark and a platform for the specialist and non-expert alike to keep abreast of developments in this rapidly evolving field.
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303.450000 USD

Implementation and Redesign of Catalytic Function in Biopolymers

Hardback
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The first review in this book presents synthetic strategies, biosynthesis and the genetics involved. The second review article, on non-template based multienzyme systems, addresses why polyketides are the most diverse group of natural products, comparing polyketide syntheses with other non-template multienzyme systems. The third review deals with angucycline antibiotics, the ...
Bioorganic Chemistry: Deoxysugars, Polyketides and Related Classes: Synthesis, Biosynthesis, Enzymes
The first review in this book presents synthetic strategies, biosynthesis and the genetics involved. The second review article, on non-template based multienzyme systems, addresses why polyketides are the most diverse group of natural products, comparing polyketide syntheses with other non-template multienzyme systems. The third review deals with angucycline antibiotics, the largest subgroup of polycyclic aromatic polyketides.
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125.990000 USD

Bioorganic Chemistry: Deoxysugars, Polyketides and Related Classes: Synthesis, Biosynthesis, Enzymes

Paperback / softback
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The Seventh International Symposium on the Photochemistry and Photo- physics of Coordination Compounds was held in the charming Schlo~ Elmau lying in a hidden valley of the Bavarian Alps above Garmisch- Partenkirchen, Federal Republic of Germany, from March 29 to April 2, 1987. About ninety participants from seventeen countries including ...
Photochemistry and Photophysics of Coordination Compounds
The Seventh International Symposium on the Photochemistry and Photo- physics of Coordination Compounds was held in the charming Schlo~ Elmau lying in a hidden valley of the Bavarian Alps above Garmisch- Partenkirchen, Federal Republic of Germany, from March 29 to April 2, 1987. About ninety participants from seventeen countries including about thirty non-European scientists as far away as Japan and Australia came together for this symposium. Forty-five oral and twenty-five poster contributions were presented. These presentations and the opportunity for many formal and informal discussions stimulated an intense scienti- fic interaction between the participants. This meeting followed previous symposia held in Muhlheim 1974 (Koerner von Gustorf), Ferrara 1976 (Carassiti, Scandola), Koln 1978 (Wasgestian), Montreal 1980 (Serpone), Paris 1982 (Gianotti) and London 1984 (Harriman). The main fields covered by this 7th Symposium were photo-redox processes, organometallic photochemistry, and properties of metal centered excited states. Furthermore, special complexes such as 2+ [Ru(bpy)3] and related compounds as well as Cr(III)-complexes were discussed extensively. Moreover, a series of potential applications such as solar energy conversion and storage (e.g. water splitting) and photoresist technology were important subjects of this meeting. Thus, it was shown again that the rapidly expanding field of excited-state chemistry and physics of coordination compounds has become an important part of inorganic chemistry.
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178.490000 USD

Photochemistry and Photophysics of Coordination Compounds

by A. Vogler, Hartmut Yersin
Paperback / softback
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Taking a problem-based approach, the authors provide a practice-oriented and systematic introduction to both organic and inorganic structure determination by spectroscopic methods. This includes mass spectrometry, vibrational spectroscopies, UV/VIS spectroscopy and NMR as well as applying combinations of these methods. The authors show how to elucidate chemical structures with a ...
Challenges in Molecular Structure Determination
Taking a problem-based approach, the authors provide a practice-oriented and systematic introduction to both organic and inorganic structure determination by spectroscopic methods. This includes mass spectrometry, vibrational spectroscopies, UV/VIS spectroscopy and NMR as well as applying combinations of these methods. The authors show how to elucidate chemical structures with a minimal number of spectroscopic techniques. Readers can train their skills by more than 400 problems with varying degree of sophistication. Interactive Powerpoint-Charts are available as Extra Materials to support self-study.
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89.240000 USD

Challenges in Molecular Structure Determination

by Jurgen Popp, Manfred Reichenbacher
Paperback / softback
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This is the first of two volumes offering the very first comprehensive treatise of self-organization and non-linear dynamics in electrochemical systems. The second volume covers spatiotemporal patterns and the control of chaos. The content of both volumes is organized so that each description of a particular electrochemical system is preceded ...
Self-Organization in Electrochemical Systems I: General Principles of Self-organization. Temporal Instabilities
This is the first of two volumes offering the very first comprehensive treatise of self-organization and non-linear dynamics in electrochemical systems. The second volume covers spatiotemporal patterns and the control of chaos. The content of both volumes is organized so that each description of a particular electrochemical system is preceded by an introduction to basic concepts of nonlinear dynamics, in order to help the reader unfamiliar with this discipline to understand at least fundamental concepts and the methods of stability analysis. The presentation of the systems is not limited to laboratory models but stretches out to real-life objects and processes, including systems of biological importance, such as neurons in living matter. Marek Orlik presents a comprehensive and consistent survey of the field.
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293.990000 USD

Self-Organization in Electrochemical Systems I: General Principles of Self-organization. Temporal Instabilities

by Marek Orlik
Hardback
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In 1972, a very powerful catalytic cycle for carbon-carbon bond formation was 2 first discovered by the coupling reaction of Grignard reagents at the sp -carbon. Over the past 30 years, the protocol has been substantially improved and expanded to other coupling reactions of Li,B,N,O,Al,Si,P,S,Cu,Mn,Zn,In,Sn, and Hg compounds. These reactions ...
Cross-Coupling Reactions: A Practical Guide
In 1972, a very powerful catalytic cycle for carbon-carbon bond formation was 2 first discovered by the coupling reaction of Grignard reagents at the sp -carbon. Over the past 30 years, the protocol has been substantially improved and expanded to other coupling reactions of Li,B,N,O,Al,Si,P,S,Cu,Mn,Zn,In,Sn, and Hg compounds. These reactions provided an indispensable and simple methodology for preparative organic chemists. Due to the simplicity and rel- bility in the carbon-carbon, carbon-heteroatom, and carbon-metalloid bo- formations,as well as high efficiency of the catalytic process,the reactions have been widely employed by organic chemists in various fields. Application of the protocol ranges from various syntheses of complex natural products to the preparation of biologically relevant molecules including drugs, and of sup- molecules, and to functional materials. The reactions on solid surfaces allow robot synthesis and combinatorial synthesis. Now, many organic chemists do not hesitate to use transition metal complexes for the transformation of org- ic molecules. Indeed, innumerable organic syntheses have been realized by the catalyzed reactions of transition metal complexes that are not achievable by t- ditional synthetic methods. Among these, the metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions have undoubtedly contributed greatly to the development of such a new area of metal-catalyzed organic syntheses . An excellent monograph for the cross-coupling reactions and other met- catalyzed C-C bond-forming reactions recently appeared in Metal-catalyzed Cross-coupling Reactions (Wiley-VCH,1998).
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419.990000 USD

Cross-Coupling Reactions: A Practical Guide

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Quantum many-body theories have become an essential tool for all physicists. The field is interdisciplinary, predicting the properties of macroscopic matter based on the fundamental interactions between the elementary constituents. This book presents a systematic and pedagogical approach to the coupled cluster method, correlated basis function theory and Monte Carlo ...
Microscopic Quantum Many-Body Theories and Their Applications: Proceedings of a European Summer School, Held at Valencia, Spain, 8-19 September 1997
Quantum many-body theories have become an essential tool for all physicists. The field is interdisciplinary, predicting the properties of macroscopic matter based on the fundamental interactions between the elementary constituents. This book presents a systematic and pedagogical approach to the coupled cluster method, correlated basis function theory and Monte Carlo methods. These topics are widely recognized and provide the most powerful and widely applicable theories of all available formulations of QMBT. As the future evolution of QMBT depends to a large measure on establishing links between these different methods, the authors discuss hyprid procedures that can build even further upon the huge strengths and great advantages of each theory.
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188.990000 USD

Microscopic Quantum Many-Body Theories and Their Applications: Proceedings of a European Summer School, Held at Valencia, Spain, 8-19 September 1997

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Palladium is a remarkable metal. In particular, organopalladium chemistry has made remarkable progress over the last 30 years. That progress is still continuing, without any end in sight. This book presents a number of accounts and reviews on the novel Pd-catalyzed reactions discovered mainly in the last five years. The ...
Palladium in Organic Synthesis
Palladium is a remarkable metal. In particular, organopalladium chemistry has made remarkable progress over the last 30 years. That progress is still continuing, without any end in sight. This book presents a number of accounts and reviews on the novel Pd-catalyzed reactions discovered mainly in the last five years. The book covers Pd-catalyzed reactions that are new - entirely different from the more standard ones. Topics such as new reactions involving ss-carbon elimination and formation of palladacycles as key reactions, cross-coupling of unactivated alkyl electrophiles with organometallic compounds, arylation via C-H bond cleavage, Pd/norbornene-catalyzed aromatic functionalizations, three-component cyclizations of allenes, use of N-heterocyclic carbenes as ligands, asymmetric reactions catalyzed by Pd(II) compounds such as Lewis acids, cycloadditions of arynes and alkynes, and nucleophilic attack by Pd species are surveyed in detail by researchers who have made important contributions to these fields. The book addresses graduate students majoring in organic synthesis and researchers in academic and industrial institutes.
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524.990000 USD

Palladium in Organic Synthesis

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Crystals are the unacknowledged pillars of the world of modern technology. Today's technological developments depend critically on the availability of suitable single crystals, whether for lasers, semiconductors, magnetic devices, optical devices, superconductors or telecommunication. In spite of great technological advances in recent years, we are still at an early stage ...
Crystal Growth Technology
Crystals are the unacknowledged pillars of the world of modern technology. Today's technological developments depend critically on the availability of suitable single crystals, whether for lasers, semiconductors, magnetic devices, optical devices, superconductors or telecommunication. In spite of great technological advances in recent years, we are still at an early stage with respect to the growth of several important crystals such as diamond, silicon carbide, PZT and gallium nitride. This book covers all important aspects of crystal growth and growth techniques, together with relevant case studies. Particular emphasis is placed on new approaches designed to overcome the present limitations on crystal growth. The book will be essential reading for all scientists working on crystal growth.
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314.990000 USD

Crystal Growth Technology

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This book includes 19 chapters contributed by the world's leading experts on pretreatment methods for biomass. It extensively covers the different types of biomass (e.g. molasses, sugar beet pulp, cheese whey, sugarcane residues, palm waste, vegetable oil, straws, stalks and wood), various pretreatment approaches (e.g. physical, thermal, chemical, physicochemical and ...
Pretreatment Techniques for Biofuels and Biorefineries
This book includes 19 chapters contributed by the world's leading experts on pretreatment methods for biomass. It extensively covers the different types of biomass (e.g. molasses, sugar beet pulp, cheese whey, sugarcane residues, palm waste, vegetable oil, straws, stalks and wood), various pretreatment approaches (e.g. physical, thermal, chemical, physicochemical and biological) and methods that show the subsequent production of biofuels and chemicals such as sugars, ethanol, extracellular polysaccharides, biodiesel, gas and oil. In addition to traditional methods such as steam, hot-water, hydrothermal, diluted-acid, organosolv, ozonolysis, sulfite, milling, fungal and bacterial, microwave, ultrasonic, plasma, torrefaction, pelletization, gasification (including biogas) and liquefaction pretreatments, it also introduces and discusses novel techniques such as nano and solid catalysts, organic electrolyte solutions and ionic liquids. This book offers a review of state-of-the-art research and provides guidance for the future paths of developing pretreatment techniques of biomass for biofuels, especially in the fields of biotechnology, microbiology, chemistry, materials science and engineering. It intends to provide a systematic introduction of pretreatment techniques. It is an accessible reference work for students, researchers, academicians and industrialists in biorefineries. Zhen Fang is a Professor of Bioenergy and the leader and founder of the biomass group at the Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is also an adjunct full Professor of Life Sciences at the University of Science and Technology of China.
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230.990000 USD

Pretreatment Techniques for Biofuels and Biorefineries

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