Filter
(found 8437 products)
Book cover image
A bibliography of the published works of Laurie Lee, compiled from the author's own collection and the Laurie Lee Archive in the British Library. Although he is best known for the autobiographical trilogy beginning with `Cider with Rosie', the bibliography features, in particular, Laurie Lee's poetry, much of which made ...
Laurie Lee 1914 - 1997: A Bibliography
A bibliography of the published works of Laurie Lee, compiled from the author's own collection and the Laurie Lee Archive in the British Library. Although he is best known for the autobiographical trilogy beginning with `Cider with Rosie', the bibliography features, in particular, Laurie Lee's poetry, much of which made its first appearance in the literary publications of the 1940s and 1950s. There are over 650 individual entries in the bibliography, preceded by an Introduction to Laurie Lee and his works, and followed, in the final section of the book, with a Chronological Source Reference for all of the published poetry.
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9781786231871.jpg
42.66 USD

Laurie Lee 1914 - 1997: A Bibliography

by Stephen Oliver-Jones
Hardback
Book cover image
Black Scat Books: A Bibliography 2012 - 2018
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9781884097799.jpg
12.600000 USD

Black Scat Books: A Bibliography 2012 - 2018

by Grace Murray
Paperback
Book cover image
100 Best-Selling Albums of the 70s
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9781684123636.jpg
17.840000 USD

100 Best-Selling Albums of the 70s

by Hamish Champ
Paperback
Book cover image
The Old South: 50 Essential Books
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9781947660069.jpg
9.400000 USD

The Old South: 50 Essential Books

by Dr Clyde N Wilson
Paperback
Book cover image
Coins of England and The United Kingdom 2018: Standard Catalogue of British Coins
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9781907427633.jpg
51.19 USD

Coins of England and The United Kingdom 2018: Standard Catalogue of British Coins

Hardback
Book cover image
Catalogue de la Biblioth�que de Feu M. Charles Lormier
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9782019213466.jpg
23.050000 USD

Catalogue de la Biblioth�que de Feu M. Charles Lormier

by Sans Auteur
Paperback
Book cover image
Sta�lliana Ou Recueil d'Anecdotes, Bons Mots, Pens�es Et R�flexions
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9782012152908.jpg
20.950000 USD

Sta�lliana Ou Recueil d'Anecdotes, Bons Mots, Pens�es Et R�flexions

by De Stael Holstein G
Paperback
Book cover image
Catalogue de Livres Anciens de Choix Faisant Partie de la Biblioth�que de M. de Sin�ty
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9782019213503.jpg
16.750000 USD

Catalogue de Livres Anciens de Choix Faisant Partie de la Biblioth�que de M. de Sin�ty

by Sans Auteur
Paperback
Book cover image
Catalogue de la Biblioth�que Am�ricaine
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9782019950613.jpg
17.800000 USD

Catalogue de la Biblioth�que Am�ricaine

by Sans Auteur
Paperback
Book cover image
Catalogue de la Biblioth�que de Feu M. Le Comte Alfred Werl�. Partie 3
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9782019931186.jpg
18.850000 USD

Catalogue de la Biblioth�que de Feu M. Le Comte Alfred Werl�. Partie 3

by Sans Auteur
Paperback
Book cover image
Catalogue de la Collection de Tableaux, Objets d'Art Et Livres
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9782019909321.jpg
14.650000 USD

Catalogue de la Collection de Tableaux, Objets d'Art Et Livres

by Sans Auteur
Paperback
Book cover image
Catalogue de la Biblioth�que de Feu M. Charles Lormier de Rouen. Partie 3
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9782019215552.jpg
18.850000 USD

Catalogue de la Biblioth�que de Feu M. Charles Lormier de Rouen. Partie 3

by Sans Auteur
Paperback
Book cover image
Recueil de Pi�ces Int�ressantes Relatives Aux �v�nements Qui Ont Eu Lieu � Bordeaux
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9782011858665.jpg
17.800000 USD

Recueil de Pi�ces Int�ressantes Relatives Aux �v�nements Qui Ont Eu Lieu � Bordeaux

by Sans Auteur
Paperback
Book cover image
The Great Jazz and Pop Vocal Albums
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9780307379078.jpg
42.000000 USD

The Great Jazz and Pop Vocal Albums

by Will Friedwald
Hardback
Book cover image
This book examines the important insights that psychology and philosophy can offer into the promotion of personal flourishing within organizations and the potential benefits that can accrue in terms of personal development, performance, goal achievement, and teamwork. The first part of the book develops a classical framework on happiness and ...
Personal Flourishing in Organizations: 2018
This book examines the important insights that psychology and philosophy can offer into the promotion of personal flourishing within organizations and the potential benefits that can accrue in terms of personal development, performance, goal achievement, and teamwork. The first part of the book develops a classical framework on happiness and the meaning of life, setting the stage on which significant aspects of institutional organization and its harmonization with ethics are addressed. The value of institutional ethics, flow, and mindfulness in creating a collaborative working environment that promotes self-fulfilment and enhances performance is then explored in depth, drawing on insights from contemporary psychology. Finally, concrete means of fostering personal flourishing within organizations are discussed. Here, the reader will find an evaluation of the effectiveness of coaching in promoting personal development and goal achievement as well as stimulating discussion of the interrelationship between team building, virtue, and personal flourishing. This book will be of interest to a wide range of professionals and academics within the fields of psychology and business.
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9783319577012.jpg
157.490000 USD

Personal Flourishing in Organizations: 2018

Hardback
Book cover image
This collection of Michael Grossman's most important papers adds essential background and depth to his work on economic-based determinants of public health. Grossman organizes his essays into four categories and includes an introduction to each section that addresses the issues covered and the larger stakes of his work. An afterword ...
Determinants of Health: An Economic Perspective
This collection of Michael Grossman's most important papers adds essential background and depth to his work on economic-based determinants of public health. Grossman organizes his essays into four categories and includes an introduction to each section that addresses the issues covered and the larger stakes of his work. An afterword discusses the effect of Grossman's approach to subsequent research on health economics and the work others have done to advance and extend his innovative perspective. Determinants of Health begins with a section on the theoretical underpinnings and empirical results of Grossman's groundbreaking health economics model, first introduced in the 1970s. It follows with sections on the relationship between health and schooling; determinants of infant health, with a special emphasis on public policies and programs; and the economics of unhealthy behaviors. These essays explain how the economic choices people make influence health and health behaviors. Grossman treats health as a form of human capital, and he shows that public policies and programs that determine the price and availability of key inputs have critical effects on outcomes ranging from birthweight and infant mortality to cigarette smoking, alcohol abuse, illegal drug use, and obesity. Grossman's approach has led to a major stream of literature in the field with contributions by the world's leading health economists, including Joseph Newhouse, Jonathan Gruber, Amy Finkelstein, Michael Greenstone, and David Cutler. His clarity on the economic decisions that lead people to make good or poor health choices is immensely valuable to the debate over how we spend on and legislate health.
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9780231178129.jpg
114.24 USD

Determinants of Health: An Economic Perspective

by Michael Grossman
Hardback
Book cover image
An essential resource for collection development specialists in small and medium-sized libraries, this guide identifies the highest quality, most affordable, and most appropriate new print and electronic reference materials. * Features more than 500 reviews chosen from American Reference Books Annual * Considers affordability and broad appeal as criteria for ...
Recommended Reference Books for Small and Medium-Sized Libraries and Media Centers: 2017: Volume 37
An essential resource for collection development specialists in small and medium-sized libraries, this guide identifies the highest quality, most affordable, and most appropriate new print and electronic reference materials. * Features more than 500 reviews chosen from American Reference Books Annual * Considers affordability and broad appeal as criteria for inclusion-key factors with today's shrinking budgets * Presents the unparalleled reliability and accuracy you count on for your selection process
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9781440856617.jpg
78.750000 USD

Recommended Reference Books for Small and Medium-Sized Libraries and Media Centers: 2017: Volume 37

Hardback
Book cover image
Soncino - Gesellschaft Der Freunde Des J�dischen Buches
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9783110289282.jpg
161.700000 USD

Soncino - Gesellschaft Der Freunde Des J�dischen Buches

Hardback
Book cover image
Hunting literature had its beginnings as early as the fourteenth century, when nobles hunted stag, bear, fox, and other game on horseback. As foxhunting grew in popularity, literary works that covered the sport flourished, as well. In Six Centuries of Foxhunting: An Annotated Bibliography, M. L. Biscotti has compiled all ...
Six Centuries of Foxhunting: An Annotated Bibliography
Hunting literature had its beginnings as early as the fourteenth century, when nobles hunted stag, bear, fox, and other game on horseback. As foxhunting grew in popularity, literary works that covered the sport flourished, as well. In Six Centuries of Foxhunting: An Annotated Bibliography, M. L. Biscotti has compiled all books produced in Great Britain and the United States that pertain to, or mention, foxhunting with hounds. Arranged alphabetically by author, more than 2000 titles are included. Each entry features details such as place and year of publication, publisher, book size, page count, illustrations, and binding. Nearly every title is also annotated with a description of the book's contents, and biographical sketches are provided for the most notable authors. Narratives, histories, illustrated works, verse, fiction, and even anti-hunting literature all have their place in this volume. Six Centuries of Foxhunting also features more than thirty images of book covers and foxhunting illustrations. With appendixes that contain author, title, and illustrator time lines, and separate author and title indexes, this comprehensive bibliography is a valuable resource for researchers, book dealers and collectors, and foxhunters.
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9781442241893.jpg
93.76 USD

Six Centuries of Foxhunting: An Annotated Bibliography

by M. L. Biscotti
Hardback
Book cover image
In this bibliography of the exact sciences in the Low Countries, Klaas Hoogendoorn gives a detailed analytical description by autopsy of all printed books published by scientists associated with the Low Countries from ca. 1470 to the Golden Age (1700). The books' locations are given, along with secondary bibliographical sources ...
Bibliography of the Exact Sciences in the Low Countries from ca. 1470 to the Golden Age (1700)
In this bibliography of the exact sciences in the Low Countries, Klaas Hoogendoorn gives a detailed analytical description by autopsy of all printed books published by scientists associated with the Low Countries from ca. 1470 to the Golden Age (1700). The books' locations are given, along with secondary bibliographical sources and concise biographies of the authors. Includes indexes of the editions by subject, printer/publisher and person. Along with books on subjects including mathematics, physics, military science and navigation, the second part describes all known almanacs and prognostications for the period, providing the most complete survey yet available. It is a thoroughly revised and expanded update of D. Bierens de Haan's Bibliographie neerlandaise historique-scientifique ... (Rome, 1883) up to about 1700.
457.800000 USD

Bibliography of the Exact Sciences in the Low Countries from ca. 1470 to the Golden Age (1700)

Hardback
Book cover image
Leonard Bernstein was one of twentieth-century music's most successful and recognizable figures. In a career spanning five decades he conducted many of the world's leading orchestras, and composed scores for landmark musicals such as Candide and West Side Story. Published to tie in with the 100th anniversary of Bernstein's birth, ...
Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein was one of twentieth-century music's most successful and recognizable figures. In a career spanning five decades he conducted many of the world's leading orchestras, and composed scores for landmark musicals such as Candide and West Side Story. Published to tie in with the 100th anniversary of Bernstein's birth, this engaging new biography provides a concise overview of the life and work of this prodigiously talented, fascinating and controversial musician. Drawing on over thirty years of study, leading scholar Paul R. Laird describes Bernstein's work as a conductor, composer, music educator and commentator, evaluating all his major compositions. Laird explores the impact of his complicated personal life on his professional work, including his homosexuality and many affairs with men, and his strong yet difficult marriage. The author also describes Bernstein's iron self-belief, which enabled him to negotiate risky and challenging musical situations that resulted in passionate, if sometimes mixed, reviews. Featuring original insights into Bernstein's life, including the author's interview with Bernstein in 1982, this is an ideal introduction to Bernstein's eclectic musical style, showing where it fits in the larger world of twentieth-century music.
20.46 USD

Leonard Bernstein

by Paul R. Laird
Paperback
Book cover image
Popular Music Theory and Analysis: A Research and Information Guide uncovers the wealth of scholarly works dealing with the theory and analysis of popular music. This annotated bibliography is an exhaustive catalog of music-theoretical and musicological works that is searchable by subject, genre, and song title. It will support emerging ...
Popular Music Theory and Analysis: A Research and Information Guide
Popular Music Theory and Analysis: A Research and Information Guide uncovers the wealth of scholarly works dealing with the theory and analysis of popular music. This annotated bibliography is an exhaustive catalog of music-theoretical and musicological works that is searchable by subject, genre, and song title. It will support emerging scholarship and inquiry for future research on popular music.
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9781138206328.jpg
179.16 USD

Popular Music Theory and Analysis: A Research and Information Guide

by Thomas Robinson
Hardback
Book cover image
501 Must-Read Books is like the wisest, cleverest best-read and most trusted friend you have ever had. The recommendations for inclusion in this comprehensive book were made by a bibliophile and writer with a peerless reputation. The reviews themselves were compiled by lecturers, writers and book lovers, sharing their pleasure, ...
501 Must-Read Books
501 Must-Read Books is like the wisest, cleverest best-read and most trusted friend you have ever had. The recommendations for inclusion in this comprehensive book were made by a bibliophile and writer with a peerless reputation. The reviews themselves were compiled by lecturers, writers and book lovers, sharing their pleasure, surprise or even indignation with the rest of us. Reading is of course subjective, but the reviewers have set aside their personal preferences to share their thoughts and impressions with book lovers everywhere. This comprehensive guide will inspire you to read more widely than you could have imagined and to explore previously untrodden aisles in your bookstore or library. In these pages you will find travel rubbing shoulders with memoir, modern and classic fiction nestling together, sci-fi and thrillers, children's books and history all gathered and reviewed in sometimes surprising, but always stimulating essays.
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9780753726976.jpg
13.65 USD

501 Must-Read Books

Paperback
Book cover image
Anton Webern: A Research and Information Guide offers carefully selected and annotated sources regarding Webern from 1975 to present day, including sources on Webern's life, his music, and the interpretation and reception of his music. Along with this comprehensive annotated listing of print and online sources, the book discusses the ...
Anton Webern: A Research and Information Guide
Anton Webern: A Research and Information Guide offers carefully selected and annotated sources regarding Webern from 1975 to present day, including sources on Webern's life, his music, and the interpretation and reception of his music. Along with this comprehensive annotated listing of print and online sources, the book discusses the history of research on Webern and includes a brief chronology of his life. It is a major reference tool for those interested in Webern and his music and valuable for researchers of 20th century music and the Second Viennese School.
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9781138780699.jpg
179.16 USD

Anton Webern: A Research and Information Guide

by Darin Hoskisson
Hardback
Book cover image
The Band Music Handbook: A Comprehensive Catalog of Band Repertoire presents professional, college, community, and school band directors with an essential tool for discovering and selecting appropriate repertoire. Christopher M. Cicconi presents a wide-ranging catalog of band music composed in the past twenty-five years. From the work of John Adams ...
The Band Music Handbook: A Catalog of Emerging Band Repertoire
The Band Music Handbook: A Comprehensive Catalog of Band Repertoire presents professional, college, community, and school band directors with an essential tool for discovering and selecting appropriate repertoire. Christopher M. Cicconi presents a wide-ranging catalog of band music composed in the past twenty-five years. From the work of John Adams to Ellen Taaffe Zwilich, the music cataloged includes works appropriate for all ages and skill levels. Each work listed includes date of origin, duration, exact instrumentation, and publisher. A number of appendixes further classify the repertoire by composer, title, and duration and offer a detailed list of publishers, a bibliography for further reading, and a comprehensive march list. Following the model of the best-selling Daniels' Orchestral Music, The Band Music Handbook puts the information that band conductors, directors, and musicians need right at their fingertips. It is also an essential tool for future music educators and instrumental music education students seeking assistance in repertoire selection.
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9781442268630.jpg
89.250000 USD

The Band Music Handbook: A Catalog of Emerging Band Repertoire

by Christopher M. Cicconi
Hardback
Book cover image
This book examines the life and works of Jane Addams who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (1931). Addams led an international women's peace movement and is noted for spearheading a first-of-its-kind international conference of women at The Hague during World War I. She helped to found the Women's International ...
Jane Addams: Progressive Pioneer of Peace, Philosophy, Sociology, Social Work and Public Administration
This book examines the life and works of Jane Addams who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (1931). Addams led an international women's peace movement and is noted for spearheading a first-of-its-kind international conference of women at The Hague during World War I. She helped to found the Women's International League of Peace and Freedom. She was also a prophetic peace theorist whose ideas were dismissed by her contemporaries. Her critics conflated her activism and ideas with attempts to undermine the war effort. Perhaps more important, her credibility was challenged by sexist views characterizing her as a silly old woman. Her omission as a pioneering, feminist, peace theorist is a contemporary problem. This book recovers and reintegrates Addams and her concept of positive peace, which has relevancy for UN peacekeeping operations and community policing. Addams began her public life as a leader of the U.S. progressive era (1890 - 1920) social reform movement. She combined theory and action through her settlement work in the, often contentious, immigrant communities of Chicago. These experiences were the springboard for her innovative theories of democracy and peace, which she advanced through extensive public speaking engagements, 11 books and hundreds of articles. While this book focuses on Addams as peace theorist and activist it also shows how her eclectic interests and feminine standpoint led to pioneering efforts in American pragmatism, sociology, public administration and social work. Each field, which traces its origin to this period, is actively recovering Addams' contributions.
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9783319506449.jpg
115.490000 USD

Jane Addams: Progressive Pioneer of Peace, Philosophy, Sociology, Social Work and Public Administration

by Patricia Shields
Hardback
Book cover image
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, priceless documentary heritage records the diversity of languages, peoples and knowledge that has influenced humanity from the early days of human history to the present. This heritage documents important events, discoveries or inventions that have transformed the world. The UNESCO Memory of the World programme was ...
Memory of the World: The Treasures That Record Our History from 1700 BC to the Present Day
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, priceless documentary heritage records the diversity of languages, peoples and knowledge that has influenced humanity from the early days of human history to the present. This heritage documents important events, discoveries or inventions that have transformed the world. The UNESCO Memory of the World programme was created to preserve these recorded treasures of humanity and mobilize resources so that future generations can enjoy this legacy which is preserved in the major libraries, archives and museums across the globe. This book is a full listing of all entries on the official UNESCO Memory of the World international register: * Unique list of documentary heritage from around the world * Photographs and descriptions for 244 precious documents * All entries identified by the UNESCO International Advisory Committee and endorsed by the Director-General Entries include: * 42-line Gutenberg Bible, printed on vellum * Archives of the International Prisoners of War Agency, 1914-1923 * Bayeux Tapestry * Magna Carta, issued in 1215 * Philippine Paleographs (Hanunoo, Buid, Tagbanua and Pala'wan) * The Endeavour Journal of James Cook * The Wizard of Oz (Victor Fleming 1939) * Russian posters of the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries * The Battle of the Somme documentary * The Atlas Blaeu-Van der Hem
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9780007482795.jpg
34.12 USD

Memory of the World: The Treasures That Record Our History from 1700 BC to the Present Day

by UNESCO
Paperback
Book cover image
Like Descartes and Pascal, Hans Hahn (1879-1934) was both an eminent mathematician and a highly influential philosopher. He founded the Vienna Circle and was the teacher of both Kurt Godel and Karl Popper. His seminal contributions to functional analysis and general topology had a huge impact on the development of ...
Gesammelte Abhandlungen II - Collected Works II: 1996
Like Descartes and Pascal, Hans Hahn (1879-1934) was both an eminent mathematician and a highly influential philosopher. He founded the Vienna Circle and was the teacher of both Kurt Godel and Karl Popper. His seminal contributions to functional analysis and general topology had a huge impact on the development of modern analysis. Hahn's passionate interest in the foundations of mathematics, vividly described in Sir Karl Popper's foreword (which became his last essay), had a decisive influence upon Godel. Like Freud, Musil and Schonberg, Hahn became a pivotal figure in the feverish intellectual climate of Vienna between the two wars. Volume 1: The first volume of Hahn's Collected Works contains his path-breaking contributions to functional analysis, the theory of curves, and ordered groups. These papers are commented on by Harro Heuser, Hans Sagan, and Laszlo Fuchs. Volume 2: The second volume deals with functional analysis, real analysis and hydrodynamics. The commentaries are written by Wilhelm Frank, Davis Preiss, and Alfred Kluwick. Volume 3: In the third volume, Hahn's writings on harmonic analysis, measure and integration, complex analysis and philosophy are collected and commented on by Jean-Pierre Kahane, Heinz Bauer, Ludger Kaup, and Christian Thiel. This volume also contains excerpts of Hahn's letters and accounts by his students and colleagues.
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9783709148655.jpg
83.990000 USD

Gesammelte Abhandlungen II - Collected Works II: 1996

by Hans Hahn
Paperback
Book cover image
Like Descartes and Pascal, Hans Hahn (1879-1934) was both an eminent mathematician and a highly influential philosopher. He founded the Vienna Circle and was the teacher of both Kurt Godel and Karl Popper. His seminal contributions to functional analysis and general topology had a huge impact on the development of ...
Gesammelte Abhandlungen I - Collected Works I: 1995
Like Descartes and Pascal, Hans Hahn (1879-1934) was both an eminent mathematician and a highly influential philosopher. He founded the Vienna Circle and was the teacher of both Kurt Godel and Karl Popper. His seminal contributions to functional analysis and general topology had a huge impact on the development of modern analysis. Hahn's passionate interest in the foundations of mathematics, vividly described in Sir Karl Popper's foreword (which became his last essay), had a decisive influence upon Godel. Like Freud, Musil and Schonberg, Hahn became a pivotal figure in the feverish intellectual climate of Vienna between the two wars. Volume 1: The first volume of Hahn's Collected Works contains his path-breaking contributions to functional analysis, the theory of curves, and ordered groups. These papers are commented on by Harro Heuser, Hans Sagan, and Laszlo Fuchs. Volume 2: The second volume deals with functional analysis, real analysis and hydrodynamics. The commentaries are written by Wilhelm Frank, Davis Preiss, and Alfred Kluwick. Volume 3: In the third volume, Hahn's writings on harmonic analysis, measure and integration, complex analysis and philosophy are collected and commented on by Jean-Pierre Kahane, Heinz Bauer, Ludger Kaup, and Christian Thiel. This volume also contains excerpts of Hahn's letters and accounts by his students and colleagues.
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9783709148648.jpg
83.990000 USD

Gesammelte Abhandlungen I - Collected Works I: 1995

by Hans Hahn
Paperback
Book cover image
The Index to Proceedings of the Economic and Social Council is a bibliographic guide to the proceedings and documentation of the Economic and Social Council. This issue covers the 2015 session of the Council including the organizational and substantive session. The Index is divided in two parts comprising the Subject ...
Index to Proceedings of the Economic and Social Council: 2015 Session
The Index to Proceedings of the Economic and Social Council is a bibliographic guide to the proceedings and documentation of the Economic and Social Council. This issue covers the 2015 session of the Council including the organizational and substantive session. The Index is divided in two parts comprising the Subject Index and Index to Speeches. The Index is prepared by the Dag Hammarskjold Library, Department of Public Information, as one of the products of the United Nations Bibliographic Information System (UNBIS).
https://magrudy-assets.storage.googleapis.com/9789211013412.jpg
26.250000 USD

Index to Proceedings of the Economic and Social Council: 2015 Session

by United Nations Publications
Paperback
Page 1 of 40