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Paradox Lost covers ten of philosophy's most fascinating paradoxes, in which seemingly compelling reasoning leads to absurd conclusions. The following paradoxes are included: The Liar Paradox, in which a sentence says of itself that it is false. Is the sentence true or false? The Sorites Paradox, in which we imagine ...
Paradox Lost: Logical Solutions to Ten Puzzles of Philosophy
Paradox Lost covers ten of philosophy's most fascinating paradoxes, in which seemingly compelling reasoning leads to absurd conclusions. The following paradoxes are included: The Liar Paradox, in which a sentence says of itself that it is false. Is the sentence true or false? The Sorites Paradox, in which we imagine removing grains of sand one at a time from a heap of sand. Is there a particular grain whose removal converts the heap to a non-heap? The Puzzle of the Self-Torturer, in which a series of seemingly rational choices has us accepting a life of excruciating pain, in exchange for millions of dollars. Newcomb's Problem, in which we seemingly maximize our expected profit by taking an unknown sum of money, rather than taking the same sum plus $1000. The Surprise Quiz Paradox, in which a professor finds that it is impossible to give a surprise quiz on any particular day of the week . . . but also that if this is so, then a surprise quiz can be given on any day. The Two Envelope Paradox, in which we are asked to choose between two indistinguishable envelopes, and it is seemingly shown that each envelope is preferable to the other. The Ravens Paradox, in which observing a purple shoe provides evidence that all ravens are black. The Shooting Room Paradox, in which a deadly game kills 90% of all who play, yet each individual's survival turns on the flip of a fair coin. Each paradox is clearly described, common mistakes are explored, and a clear, logical solution offered. Paradox Lost will appeal to professional philosophers, students of philosophy, and all who love intellectual puzzles.
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76.77 USD

Paradox Lost: Logical Solutions to Ten Puzzles of Philosophy

by Michael Huemer
Paperback
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This book explains how the logic of theory change employs formal models in the investigation of changes in belief states and databases. The topics covered include equivalent characterizations of AGM operations, extended representations of the belief states, change operators not included in the original framework, iterated change, applications of the ...
Belief Change: Introduction and Overview
This book explains how the logic of theory change employs formal models in the investigation of changes in belief states and databases. The topics covered include equivalent characterizations of AGM operations, extended representations of the belief states, change operators not included in the original framework, iterated change, applications of the model, its connections with other formal frameworks, and criticism of the model.
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73.490000 USD

Belief Change: Introduction and Overview

by Sven Ove Hansson, Eduardo Ferme
Paperback
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What do we understand 'noise' to be? The term `noise' no longer suggests only aesthetic judgement, as in acoustic or visual noise, and is now relevant to domains as varied as communication theory, physics and biology. This trans-disciplinary usage leads to confusion and complication, and reveals that the question of ...
An Epistemology of Noise
What do we understand 'noise' to be? The term `noise' no longer suggests only aesthetic judgement, as in acoustic or visual noise, and is now relevant to domains as varied as communication theory, physics and biology. This trans-disciplinary usage leads to confusion and complication, and reveals that the question of noise is a properly philosophical problem. Presenting an analysis of the rising interest in the notion of noise, this book investigates if there can be a coherent understanding of what it is, that can be effectively shared among the natural and human sciences, technology and the arts. Drawing the philosophical consequences of noise for the theory of knowledge, Malaspina undertakes a philosophical revaluation of Shannon and Weaver's theory of `information entropy'; this forms the basis upon which to challenge the common idea that noise can be reduced to notions of error, disorder or disorganization. The wider consequences of this analysis relate the technological and scientific aspect of noise, with its cultural and psycho-social aspects. At the heart of Malaspina's argument is the contestation of the ground upon which we judge and distinguish noise from information and finally the exploration of its emancipatory potential.
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119.700000 USD

An Epistemology of Noise

by Cecile Malaspina
Hardback
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The term secular saint may immediately raise questions or even objections. Each religion specifies grounds for being considered a saint. What does it mean to be a secular saint? Presumably an exemplary life. But exemplary based on what? Exemplary according to whom? Perhaps an exemplary life is not even enough ...
The Secular Saints: And Why Morals Are Not Just Subjective
The term secular saint may immediately raise questions or even objections. Each religion specifies grounds for being considered a saint. What does it mean to be a secular saint? Presumably an exemplary life. But exemplary based on what? Exemplary according to whom? Perhaps an exemplary life is not even enough to qualify. Perhaps the life must also be inspiring or have something to teach us. But, again, inspiring or instructive according to whom? These questions are variants of the perennial question: are ethics and moral objective in some way or completely subjective? Is anybody's opinion worth hearing? Most people would agree that Hitler's morals were horrendous. But is there a way to distinguish good from bad without reliance on revealed religion? All of this in turn leads to questions humans have always asked themselves. What is right or wrong? What is good or bad or just less good? What is just or unjust? These are not just questions for confused or searching teenagers. Human beings are guided day by day by our beliefs and values, and are absolutely lost without this kind of guidance. This book provides brief lives and thoughts of some leading candidates for the term secular saint. Many of them are famous moral philosophers. Taken together, they offer a kind of history of moral thought. Some of them are not what we would today consider philosophers. All of them have much to teach us about how we lead our lives and think about the fundamental questions. This book also offers a conclusion: that morals and ethics are not just subjective, that they are grounded in very objective realities. There is such a thing as right and wrong, better and worse, and as thinking creatures we should recognize this and act on it.
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17.850000 USD

The Secular Saints: And Why Morals Are Not Just Subjective

by Hunter Lewis
Hardback
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The Logic of Style: An Introduction to Critical Science (Classic Reprint)
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11.100000 USD

The Logic of Style: An Introduction to Critical Science (Classic Reprint)

by William Renton
Paperback
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Unorthodox Analytic Philosophy
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22.580000 USD

Unorthodox Analytic Philosophy

by Guillermo E. Rosado Haddock
Paperback
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Fake It Till You Make It: Notebook
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7.340000 USD

Fake It Till You Make It: Notebook

by Wild Pages Press
Paperback
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Logic, or the Analytic of Explicit Reasoning
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16.790000 USD

Logic, or the Analytic of Explicit Reasoning

by George H Smith
Paperback
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Theory of Effective Propositional Paraconsistent Logics
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23.620000 USD

Theory of Effective Propositional Paraconsistent Logics

by Anna Zamansky, Ofer Arieli, Arnon Avron
Paperback
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Advances in Proof Theory
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146.990000 USD

Advances in Proof Theory

Paperback
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Epistemology, Knowledge and the Impact of Interaction
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167.990000 USD

Epistemology, Knowledge and the Impact of Interaction

Paperback
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Deontic Logic and Normative Systems: 14th International Conference, Deon 2018, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 3-8 July 2018
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19.420000 USD

Deontic Logic and Normative Systems: 14th International Conference, Deon 2018, Utrecht, the Netherlands, 3-8 July 2018

Paperback
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The Analects of Confucius
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10.450000 USD

The Analects of Confucius

by Confucius
Paperback
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The Existential Import of Categorical Predication: Studies in Logic
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14.690000 USD

The Existential Import of Categorical Predication: Studies in Logic

by A Wolf
Paperback
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A Booke Called the Foundacion of Rhetorike Because All Other Partes of Rhetorike Are Grounded Thereupon, Euery Parte Sette Forthe in an Oracion Vpon Questions, Verie Profitable to Bee Knowen and Redde
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9.440000 USD

A Booke Called the Foundacion of Rhetorike Because All Other Partes of Rhetorike Are Grounded Thereupon, Euery Parte Sette Forthe in an Oracion Vpon Questions, Verie Profitable to Bee Knowen and Redde

by Richard Rainolde
Paperback
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The Logica Yearbook 2017
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19.420000 USD

The Logica Yearbook 2017

Paperback
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The Improvement of Human Reason - Exhibited in the Life of Hai Ebn Yokdhan
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8.390000 USD

The Improvement of Human Reason - Exhibited in the Life of Hai Ebn Yokdhan

by Ibn Tufail
Paperback
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Certitude a Study in Philosophy (Classic Reprint)
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10.050000 USD

Certitude a Study in Philosophy (Classic Reprint)

by Aloysius Joseph Rother
Paperback
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Journal of Applied Logics - Ifcolog Journal: Volume, Number 2, April 2018: Special Issue: Normative Multi-Agent Systems
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15.220000 USD

Journal of Applied Logics - Ifcolog Journal: Volume, Number 2, April 2018: Special Issue: Normative Multi-Agent Systems

Paperback
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The Principles of Logic, for High Schools (Classic Reprint)
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10.470000 USD

The Principles of Logic, for High Schools (Classic Reprint)

by A Schuyler LL
Paperback
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Outlines of Logic (Classic Reprint)
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10.050000 USD

Outlines of Logic (Classic Reprint)

by Jacob Westlund
Paperback
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Meeting the Ignos
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13.640000 USD

Meeting the Ignos

by Arthur Wolf, Susan T. Gardner
Paperback
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Syllabus of a Proposed System of Logic (Classic Reprint)
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10.050000 USD

Syllabus of a Proposed System of Logic (Classic Reprint)

by Augustus de Morgan
Paperback
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Hegel's Logic: A Book on the Genesis of the Categories of the Mind (Classic Reprint)
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17.400000 USD

Hegel's Logic: A Book on the Genesis of the Categories of the Mind (Classic Reprint)

by William Torrey Harris
Paperback
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An Abridgment of Mr. Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding. the Fifth Edition Corrected
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29.350000 USD

An Abridgment of Mr. Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding. the Fifth Edition Corrected

by John Locke
Hardback
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An Investigation of the Laws of Thought, on Which Are Founded the Mathematical Theories of Logic and Probabilities (Classic Reprint)
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17.400000 USD

An Investigation of the Laws of Thought, on Which Are Founded the Mathematical Theories of Logic and Probabilities (Classic Reprint)

by George Boole
Paperback
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Know Thyself (Classic Reprint)
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14.670000 USD

Know Thyself (Classic Reprint)

by Bernardino Varisco
Paperback
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The Art of Logical Thinking: Or the Laws of Reasoning (Classic Reprint)
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11.100000 USD

The Art of Logical Thinking: Or the Laws of Reasoning (Classic Reprint)

by William Walker Atkinson
Paperback
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The Logic of Chance: An Essay on the Foundations and Province of the Theory of Probability, with Especial Reference to Its Logical Bearings and Its Application to Moral and Social Science, and to Statistics (Classic Reprint)
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20.550000 USD

The Logic of Chance: An Essay on the Foundations and Province of the Theory of Probability, with Especial Reference to Its Logical Bearings and Its Application to Moral and Social Science, and to Statistics (Classic Reprint)

by John Venn
Paperback
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Studies and Exercises in Formal Logic: Including a Generalization of Logical Processes in Their Application to Complex Inference (Classic Reprint)
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17.400000 USD

Studies and Exercises in Formal Logic: Including a Generalization of Logical Processes in Their Application to Complex Inference (Classic Reprint)

by John Neville Keynes
Paperback
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