Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and October 12, 2002 in the United States and on Bali, the US seems to have made the most sweeping shift in its foreign policy since the beginning of the Cold War. It is once again committed to leading the world in a battle against a global enemy. The US relationship with Indonesia - the country with the world's largest Islamic population - could prove to be of decisive importance for the success of this global mission. Timo Kivimaki's analysis of the dynamics and background of US-Indonesian relationship is aimed at all those concerned with American foreign policy, Asian studies, peace studies, and conflict resolution and negotiation. Kivim ki sheds light on the question of how the American commitment to global leadership affects US-Indonesian relations. The paradox of the bargaining strength of the weak Indonesia vis-a-vis the global hegemon is studied by examining US-Indonesian negotiations from the end of World War II up to the end of the millennium.