Observations from the ground and space have advanced our knowledge of the solar corona dramatically over the last three decades. This textbook is the first to present this new understanding at a level appropriate for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, and researchers seeking an entry-point into the research literature. This timely volume presents a lucid and synthesised review of the latest observations of the solar corona and how they have advanced and shaped our understanding of coronal physics. In the process, we are introduced to a wide variety of exciting physics including dynamo theory and radiative transfer. We are also shown how the transient effects of the solar cycle affect 'space weather'. The basic physics involved and the historical background are also covered.