More than two hundred years before anyone had even heard of intelligent design, scholarly naturalists, geologists, and antiquarians - many of them devout Christians - began to discover puzzling artifacts at archaeological sites, including stone tools and human-like skeletons. Such relics suggested that human life on earth had begun tens of thousands of years earlier than anyone previously supposed. Although the names of these sites (Neander Valley, Altamira, the Courbet Cave) and their discoverers (Buckland, Lyell, and Darwin, just to name a few) are well known, original reports - and the ensuing, often fierce debates - have been left mostly untranslated and unexamined. In The Discovery of Human Antiquity , Jill Cook gathers this archival material together for the first time, culling from the footnotes of journals, the minutes of learned society meetings, and even the columns of local newspapers. With dozens of illustrations and Cook's expert commentary, The Discovery of Human Antiquity provides insight into what would become the foundation of modern archaeology - and the beginnings of the intelligent design/evolution debate.