For courses in General Elementary Methods and General K-12 Methods. This new general elementary methods text offers a balanced presentation of skills, inquiry, and social approaches to teaching, structured around the concept of instructing for understanding. The authors stress that the truly effective teacher not only has knowledge of teaching strategies but also understands the importance of asking and answering such questions as: What learner characteristics affect the success of this strategy? What contextual factors will influence its outcome? What philosophical/ethical stance does it represent?