There is a new and increasing emphasis on the importance of teaching arithmetical skills in primary schools. This text outlines what is meant by arithmetic and enables trainee teachers to build their own confidence in teaching arithmetic. It covers all aspects of arithmetic including recall of number facts and traditional pen and paper methods. Each arithmetical approach is illustrated with detailed examples and readers can access their own learning in each area. Guidance on when and where to use different approaches to enhance children's learning is included and interactive activities highlight essential links between theory and practice. Abouth the Transforming Primary QTS series This series reflects the new creative way schools are begining to teach, taking a fresh approach to supporting trainees as they work towards primary QTS. Titles provide fully up to date resources focused on teaching a more integrated and inclusive curriculum, and texts to draw out meaningful and explicit cross curricular links.