Michael Christoforidis is widely recognized as a leading expert on one of Spain's most important composers, Manuel de Falla. This volume brings together both new chapters and revised versions of previously published work, some of which is made available here in English for the first time. The introductory chapter provides a biographical outline of the composer and characterisations of both Falla and his music during his lifetime. The sections that follow explore different facets of Falla's mature works and musical identity. The first section traces the evolution of his flamenco-inspired Spanish style through contacts with Debussy, Ravel and Stravinsky, while the second explores the impact of post-First World War modernities on Falla's musical nationalism. The final section reflects on aspects of Falla's music and the politics of Spain in the 1930s and 1940s. Situating his discussion of these aspects of Falla's music within a broader context, including currents in literature and the visual arts, Christoforidis provides a distinctive and original contribution to the study of Falla, as well as to the wider fields of musical modernism, exoticism, and music and politics.