Schizophrenia is a severe and debilitating disease of the brain that affects approximately 1 percent of the population worldwide. It can be devastating to those who suffer from it, as well as frightening and exhausting for their families. However, recent research on the causes of schizophrenia, its diagnosis, and the effectiveness of different treatments provides a more hopeful outlook for those affected. Schizophrenia describes the symptoms of this disease and the impact it has on patients and their loved ones. It also examines how scientific studies seek to untangle the multiple causes of schizophrenia and reviews research on how well drug and non-drug treatments work for schizophrenia patients.