The Manual is organized by systems, using a semi-outline format. It covers both medicine and surgery in a single text, making it a ready reference for understanding the disease process and treatment options and the surgical procedures associated with them. Medical chapters discuss etiology, clinical signs, diagnoses and treatment; surgical chapters discuss anatomy, preoperative considerations, procedures and postoperative care. Throughout the text, the authors have included 'Key Points' which offer helpful and timely tips to the reader. Emphasis is on the dog and cat, but an entire section is devoted to avian and exotic pets. Also included is a useful drug formulary providing rapid access to vital dosage information.