In this theoretical monograph, Edwin Williams demonstrates that when syntax is economical, it economizes on shape distortion rather than on distance. According to Williams, this new notion of economy calls for a new architecture for the grammatical system--in fact, for a new notion of derivation. The new architecture offers a style of clausal embedding--the Level Embedding Scheme--that predictively ties together the locality, reconstructive behavior, and target type of any syntactic process in a way that is unique to the model. Williams calls his theory Representation Theory to put the notion of economy at the forefront. Syntax, in this theory, is a series of representations of one sublanguage in another.