This book addresses the issue of refugee protection in Europe, drawing on the approaches taken to the crisis in former Yugoslavia to find lessons for future comprehensive policies. Suitable for academics, students and policy-makers, this book gives a comprehensive overview of the twentieth-century history of refugee protection, the relationship between protection and human rights, and European integration in the asylum and immigration policy area. The focus of the book is the development of comprehensive approaches to forced migration and particularly the emergence of temporary protection mechanisms in the European context. Four specific national measures are analyzed and a model for future EU policy is advanced. This model satisfies specified practical and theoretical requirements governing the role of protection in international relations and relations between individuals and states.