Race and Place: Racial Inequalities in Urban America

Features a comprehensive geographic and historical perspective of U.S. racism, the link between race and place over time. The benefit is a thorough understanding of both historical and contemporary examples through text and maps.. This book serves to provide students with a solid understanding of the scope of racial inequalities in urban America through the prism of geography, both in a broad context and in separate analyses of housing, social services, and employment differences between ethnic groups. The reader is constantly being reminded of the question: How do race, ethnic identity, and degree of opportunity where people live in urban areas? The authors have brought together an abundance of existing and new research on minority population settlement in urban areas, as well as make effective use of census data and maps to show the spatial differences among minority groups in a number of U. S. urban areas, among them Alameda County (California), Baltimore, New York, and Dallas. }Racism, racial equity, and the race-place connections related to racial inequalities in the U.S. are the major themes of this book. The long history of U.S. White racism toward Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians is deeply rooted in the political, socioeconomic, and intellectual frameworks of America, permitting racial inequities to become expressed as cultural landscapesthe places where many racial minorities exist. The contemporary geographic patterns of segregation and isolation are different from those of earlier U.S. history, but are equally damning and present extremely difficult challenges for social action in a nation that will change its racial/ethnic composition dramatically during the current generation.As America changes over the next quarter century, the visible and invisible race-place inequalities that help define U. S. urban geography will continue in housing, education, employment, travel requirements, shopping choices, environmental hazards, and other living conditions. Minority groups, ever increasing in numbers, will find inequalities unacceptable. How America deals with racial inequalities will likely have consequences for all its citizens. }