The rise of civilization parallels the ability of humans to measure and physically describe matter. The English word quantitative is an adjective that means pertaining to, or susceptible of measurement. When scientists quantify matter, they attempt to describe certain physical properties or characteristics of matter in an orderly, understandable, and useful manner. Precise, repeatable measurements and experiments support the scientific understanding of matter. Quantifying Matter explains how scientists learned to measure matter and quantify some of its most fascinating and useful properties. It presents many of the most important intellectual achievements and technical developments that led to the scientific interpretation of substance. Complete with full-color photographs, this exciting new volume describes the basic characteristics and properties of matter.