The purpose of this book is to focus attention on the question of population. Bringing a critical feminist perspective to bear on conventional debates on population, Sonia Correa examines the interlinking of economic processes, demographic dynamics and women's lives. She analyzes the detrimental effects on women of past fertility management policies. Turning to issues of sexual and reproductive health and women's rights, she argues for the indivisibility of health and rights. She identifies the challenges that women in the South need to tackle and suggests appropriate strategies for political action by the international women's movement around these issues. The book is the result of a collaborative process which DAWN initiated in order to assemble and clarify the critical and diverse perspectives of women in the South.