The processes of establishing new national orders in the aftermath of the Partition entailed that minorities-Hindus in Pakistan and Muslims in India-had to re-negotiate their identities as rightful citizens. This book focuses on the partition of Bengal, its effects on minorities, and the subsequent reordering of national identities in India and East Pakistan (present day Bangladesh). Divided in three thematic sections, it examines issues of territoriality, identity, migration, and citizenship. This volume joins new scholarship on the Partition, which sees it as a process rather than a single event. It provides a cross border analysis of how India and East Pakistan engaged with their post-Partition predicaments and how ordinary people on both sides reacted, adopted, and negotiated. This book will be of considerable interest to scholars and students of modern Indian history, sociology, and the interested general reader.