Migrants to the Coasts: Livelihood, Resource Management, and Global Change in the Philippines

This case study explores how conflicting global pressures to exploit and to conserve the fish and other resources of coastal Southeast Asia play out in a series of communities on Palawan Island in the Philippines whose residents rely on fishing for their livelihoods. Faced with declining fish catches, some residents have turned to destructive and illegal fishing practices while others have taken up farming or other new economic activities. The account considers a government program to relieve fishing pressures by establishing marine protected areas and creating alternative livelihoods. The book also shows how ethnicity, gender, and evangelical religious conversion each figure in changing household economic strategies and other local efforts to cope with relentless global forces.