Japanese Cultural Policies in South-east Asia During World War 2

Featuring essays by Japanese and American scholars, this book analyzes Japanese cultural policies and programmes in the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaya, Singapore and Thailand during the Second World War. With the striking exception of the major Japanese programme for educating Southeast Asian students in Japan, the occupying forces, as these studies show, failed to make anything other than a limited impact on the region's culture. Finding themselves, after a minimum of preparation, masters of a huge new empire, the Japanese were hampered by their lack of knowledge or respect for Southeast Asian languages and cultures, and consequently fell back on a policy of Japanization of the subject populations. This book contributes to the understanding of both these policies and of the failure of the many Japanese intellectuals drafted to create them - a failure based both on the needs and beliefs of the imperial military and their own incomprehension of this vast and diverse region.