Covers the relationship between microbial evolution and human biology from many perspectives. * Introduces clinical microbiologists, infectious disease specialists, epidemiologists, medical professionals, and public health researchers to the importance and influence of evolutionary outcomes. * Provides examples of the impact of evolution on microbe-human interactions and explores the influence that evolution has on infectious diseases. * Presents in-depth examination of the evolutionary biology of drug resistance. * Includes an explanatory list of keywords and concepts used in the field of evolutionary biology. * Features comprehensive coverage of the evolution of pathogenicity of gram-negative bacteria, gram-positive bacteria, and pathogenic fungi. * Offers significant new material for teaching microbiology and infectious diseases. This title is published by the American Society of Microbiology Press and distributed by Taylor and Francis in rest of world territories.