Over 20 million people of Mexican heritage live in the United States, and U.S.-Mexican relations have become more cooperative and friendly since the 2000 presidential election of maverick candidate Vicente Fox. Yet our neighbor to the south remains largely unknown to the vast majority of Americans, other than as a tourist destination or a source of cheap labor for American business. This encyclopedia aims to provide an essential tool for those interested in a better understanding and appreciation of Mexico. With more than 250 separate entries covering 15 major thematic topics, Dent's book is a far-reaching reference book focusing on the important individuals, institutions and events that illustrate the modern development of Mexico since 1940. One of Scarecrow Press's first illustrated reference books created for a high school audience, this encyclopedia offers much more than just history. From the Acteal Massacre to Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon, this exciting work fully explores the rich culture, the depth of achievement, and the creative energy of Mexico and its people. The information included in this volume captures the dramatic transformation that has taken place in Mexico since World War II, emphasizing key events, individuals, institutions, economic milestones, controversies, and political dilemmas. With an extensive bibliography at the end of each entry, more than 50 photos and illustrations, and a section of online resources, Dent has created an exhaustive study that will answer students' report needs and will dispel common misconceptions about Mexico. An essential addition to every high school, public, and undergraduate library. This well indexed volume should also serve as a basic reference for Hispanic-American and Hispanic Studies collections and organizations.