According to the author, semantic contextual evidence should take priority over etymological evidence, when determining the meaning of Biblical Hebrew. Therefore, this book takes a contextual approach to Biblical Hebrew philology. In part I, two basic methodological principles are presented: 1) the granting of precedence to internal biblical semantic evidence over any external evidence from other Semitic languages; and 2) the prior determining of at least general semantic range solely based on internal semantic evidence, which may then be augmented by etymological evidence. In Part II, all fourteen principles of comparative Semitic philology are discussed and exemplified here together for the first time. Part III presents eighteen individual word studies in modern biblical Hebrew philology. The volume is concluded with a comprehensive bibliography and extensive indices.