Records on the birds of Lesotho are sketchy, scattered, and often difficult to find. The author has brought these records together, and used them to make comparisons with his own extensive observations. The result is a far more comprehensive list of sightings, breeding observations, and status changes than has ever before been available. An annotated reference list, an ornithological history, and a guide to good birding areas point the way to continued exploration. Birds of Lesotho will be of interest to a wide range of readers, from amateur birders visiting or residing in the area to more serious students of bird populations in relation to changing habitats.