The general Method of Lines (MOL) procedure provides a flexible format for the solution of all the major classes of partial differential equations (PDEs) and is particularly well suited to evolutionary, nonlinear wave PDEs. Despite its utility, however, there are relatively few texts that explore it at a more advanced level and reflect the method's current state of development. Written by distinguished researchers in the field, Adaptive Method of Lines reflects the diversity of techniques and applications related to the MOL. Most of its chapters focus on a particular application but also provide a discussion of underlying philosophy and technique. Particular attention is paid to the concept of both temporal and spatial adaptivity in solving time-dependent PDEs. Many important ideas and methods are introduced, including moving grids and grid refinement, static and dynamic gridding, the equidistribution principle and the concept of a monitor function, the minimization of a functional, and the moving finite element method. Applications addressed include shallow water flow, combustion and flame propagation, transport in porous media, gas dynamics, chemical engineering processes, solitary waves, and magnetohydrodynamics. As the first advanced text to represent the modern era of the method of lines, this monograph offers an outstanding opportunity to discover new concepts, learn new techniques, and explore a wide range of applications.