This classic work, written by one of the greatest modern scholars of Islamic law, focuses on the need for a reinter- pretation of Islamic jurisprudence and for a rediscovery of its original philosophy. Fyzee presents a fresh critique of Islam based on historical, scientific, and comparative principles. He contends that rules of law can be modified in modern times for the purpose of healthy reforms without compromising on the essential sprit of Islam. In an introduction written especially for this edition, Saiyid Hamid widens the scope of the discussion and shows the book's significance for today's world where misunderstandings about Islam abound. Drawing from the works of contemporary scholars, as well as of those from earlier periods, he brings to light essential concepts in Islamic thought - reason, the spirit of inquiry, social justice, mercy, non-aggression, and individual responsibility.