The Arab states in the Gulf region have become significant global players in business and commerce. Their once traditional societies now host millions of migrants from around the world who now form majority communities in many of these states. They house corporate headquarters and the regional offices of a plethora of multinational companies. The Gulf is now a key player in the global economy, feeling keenly the fluctuations in international markets as well as the strain upon the societies in each of the states in the region. This book, encompassing contributions from a range of distinguished sociologists and Middle East specialists, reveals much new data and fresh research on Gulf cities, and explores the real impact of globalization upon their economies, societies, religion and culture.