The End of the Third Reich
In January 1943, President Roosevelt, with Churchill alongside him, proclaimed that the Allies would fight until Germany surrendered unconditionally. He explained that this did not mean the end of the German people but did mean the total destruction of Nazism. Despite the overwhelming superiority of the Allied armed forces, Hitler's 'Third Reich' fought on for more than two years, its towns and villages defended in the end partly by old men and young boys of the Volkssturm. With defeat imminent, efforts were even made to prolong resistance to the Allies by forming so-called Werwolf units to conduct guerilla warfare. This book charts the military defeat of Germany in 1944 and 1945, and goes on to explore how the Allies tried after the German surrender to destroy Nazism and all it stood for.It highlights the appalling conditions in Germany after the war, and details how the Allies abolished the Nazi Party and sought to punish its leaders at Nuremberg. It also examines the wider process of denazification - the removal of former Nazis from public life, and the elimination of Nazi ideas and influences from education, the media, and the arts. Inevitably this caused much friction between wartime Allies and the now occupied German population, a situation made worse by cold, hunger, psychological trauma, and the desperate resistance of remaining Nazi fanatics. This book balances the viewpoints of occupiers and Germans in its analysis of how the 'Third Reich' was defeated and its social system dismantled.This book presents the first major account of how Germany was dealt with at the end of the Second World War by the Allies. Policy lessons learned here have been applied by the Americans in Iraq. Reviews in the paperback review sections of national daily and Sunday newspapers, weeklies, and history magazines will include THES , BBC History Magazine , The Independent and The Observer .