This book aims to familiarise the reader with the foundations of modern comparative law. Its principal aim is to serve as a guide to the multiplicity of legal systems of the modern day. An enormous amount of factual material has been compressed into brief, concentrated form. The reader will learn a mass of data, including historical information enriching his legal culture and experience with the wealth and diversity of the legal map of the modern world. This edition is a revised and expanded edition of the book published by Adolat at Tashkent in 1999, and now includes a chapter on the Russian Legal System, a bibliography for each subject, and certain other structural changes. This translation follows as faithfully as possible the language, style, and rhythm of the Russian original. At times this may accentuate certain abstractness in the narrative, but then that is how the book is written and generally characteristic of the Russian language in this domain. The book is intended for instructional use throughout the CIS and what used to be called 'The Third World'. Each chapter is prefaced by the author's recommendations for further reading and an enumeration of the sources he himself used in preparing the chapter.